A Path Appears: Transforming Lives, Creating Opportunity

A Path Appears: Transforming Lives, Creating Opportunity

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Overview

A Path Appears: Transforming Lives, Creating Opportunity by Nicholas D. Kristof, Sheryl WuDunn

An essential, galvanizing narrative about making a difference here and abroad—a road map to becoming the most effective global citizens we can be.

In their number one New York Times best seller Half the Sky, husband-and-wife team Nicholas D. Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn brought to light struggles faced by women and girls around the globe, and showcased individuals and institu­tions working to address oppression and expand opportunity. A Path Appears is even more ambi­tious in scale: nothing less than a sweeping tap­estry of people who are making the world a better place and a guide to the ways that we can do the same—whether with a donation of $5 or $5 mil­lion, with our time, by capitalizing on our skills as individuals, or by using the resources of our businesses.

With scrupulous research and on-the-ground reporting, the authors assay the art and science of giving, identify successful local and global initia­tives, and share astonishing stories from the front lines of social progress. We see the compelling, in­spiring truth of how real people have changed the world, upending the idea that one person can’t make a difference.

We meet people like Dr. Gary Slutkin, who devel­oped his landmark Cure Violence program to combat inner-city conflicts in the United States by applying principles of epidemiology; Lester Strong, who left a career as a high-powered television anchor to run an organization bringing in older Americans to tu­tor students in public schools across the country; MIT development economist Esther Duflo, whose pioneering studies of aid effectiveness have revealed new truths about, among other things, the power of hope; and Jessica Posner and Kennedy Odede, who are transforming Kenya’s most notorious slum by ex­panding educational opportunities for girls.

A Path Appears offers practical, results-driven advice on how best each of us can give and reveals the lasting benefits we gain in return. Kristof and WuDunn know better than most how many urgent challenges communities around the world face to­day. Here they offer a timely beacon of hope for our collective future.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780385349918
Publisher: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group
Publication date: 09/23/2014
Pages: 400
Product dimensions: 6.50(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.50(d)

About the Author

Nicholas D. Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn, husband and wife, have coauthored three previous books: Half the SkyThunder from the East, and China Wakes. They were awarded a Pulitzer Prize in 1990 for their coverage of China and the Dayton Literary Peace Prize for Lifetime Achievement in 2009. Now an op-ed columnist for The New York Times, Kristof was previously bureau chief in Hong Kong, Beijing, and Tokyo. He won his second Pulitzer in 2006 for his columns on Darfur. WuDunn worked at The New York Times as a business editor and foreign correspondent in Tokyo and Beijing. She now works in banking.

@NickKristof; www.facebook.com/kristof
@WuDunn; www.facebook.com/SherylWuDunn

Read an Excerpt

Dr. Gary Slutkin was back in Chicago, his hometown, feeling restless. He was a rumpled infectious diseases specialist who had spent most of his career in San Francisco and Africa, battling tuberculosis, AIDS, and cholera. But he had burned out in refugee camps, his marriage had fallen apart, and now it was time to be nearer to his elderly parents. He had no clue what to do for work.

As he explored options, Slutkin began hearing about gang violence in Chicago, about ten-year-olds shooting other kids; this was shocking, but it also sounded more like Somalia and other places he knew. Slutkin began to study inner-city violence and pored over graphs of homicides and shootings—and to an epidemiologist they all seemed oddly familiar.

“It hit me: this is an infectious disease,” he said. The more Slutkin looked at urban violence, the more he felt that it had been misdiagnosed as solely a crime problem when in many ways it was a contagion analogous to cholera or leprosy. As with other contagions, an infection depends upon exposure among susceptible people who have low resistance or compromised immunity. Slutkin saw that “an epidemic of violence” is more than just a metaphor; in some ways murder actually spreads like a contagious disease.

“It is just as tuberculosis begets tuberculosis, or flu begets flu,” Slutkin says, “that violence begets violence.”

Once Slutkin had the insight that violence could be considered, in part, an infectious disease, he decided to tackle it as a public health problem and slow the epidemic. He started an organization called Cure Violence, and turned to ex-convicts and former gang members to act as health outreach workers and interrupt the contagion. When someone is shot, they go to the hospital room to counsel against a retaliatory hit. They gather intelligence on threats and negotiate peaceful solutions. More broadly, they try to change community norms so that those who use violence are scorned rather than respected. “Violence is learned behavior,” says Gary Slutkin. “Violence can also be unlearned behavior.”

In recent years, the Cure Violence model has spread to other cities in the United States and abroad—even to Iraq and Colombia—and results have been remarkable. Careful evaluations have found that Cure Violence can reduce serious violence by one-quarter or more, at a negligible cost. Gary Slutkin thinks that with some tweaking and enough resources, the model could reduce homicides by 70 percent.

Rachel Beckwith, Lester Strong, and Dr. Gary Slutkin reflect a yearning to express our humanity by finding innovative and effective ways to give back. We crave meaning and purpose in life, and one way to find it is to connect to a cause larger than ourselves. This book is about innovators who are using research, evidence- based strategies, and brilliant ideas of their own to prevent violence, improve health, boost education, and spread opportunity at home and around the world—and to suggest to the rest of us specific ways in which we too can make a difference in the world. Some of these people we highlight raise or contribute the money, such as Rachel and her family and admirers who made something inspiring out of a tragedy. Some are organizers, such as Slutkin and Strong. Many more are foot soldiers. Together, they are all part of a revolution in tack- ling social problems, employing new savvy, discipline, and experience to chip away at poverty and injustice. On many issues ranging from failing schools in America to intestinal parasites in Africa, there are fascinating new approaches to making a difference; in some cases, the progress is startling.

So many social problems in the twenty-first century seem intractable and insoluble. We explore Mars and embed telephones in wrist- watches, but we can’t keep families safe in the inner cities. We can map subatomic particles such as gluons, and we can design robots that drive cars, respond to speech, and defeat grandmasters in chess, but we grudgingly accept failure in our struggles to keep kids in school, off drugs, and out of gangs. Many of us know that it’s wrong and unfair that boys growing up in certain zip codes are more likely to end up in prison than in college, but we throw up our hands and surrender to the exigencies of ghetto life. Violence and poverty, whether in Congo or Chicago, remain towering realities.

We started our married life together as foreign correspondents for The New York Times, and we have wondered for years how we can do a better job addressing the needs around us. Not everyone can help fight crime in a city’s worst neighborhoods or volunteer in schools, so most of us are left to engage in piecemeal efforts such as a donation here or there. Like many Americans, we have day jobs we need to keep, and we have been busy raising our children; that has left us looking for great causes and people to support in modest ways. We aren’t regular churchgoers who focus our giving on a particular religious establishment, and although we wanted to lend a hand, we never knew how to choose among the appeals from nonprofits that inundated us. Basically, we were mystified about how best to assist at home as well as abroad. So we investigated how one can do a better job of making a difference, how one can help institute effective change. This book is the fruit of our labors.

Table of Contents

Part 1 Giving Opportunity Wings

1 Introduction: A Meaningful Life 3

2 A Drop in the Bucket 31

Changing Lives, Bead by Bead 50

3 From Anecdote to Evidence 55

Doughnuts with CARE 72

4 The Land of Opportunity-If You Catch Them Early 78

Save the Children, in the USA 116

5 A Thirty-Million-Word Gap 124

A Summer Springboard for Kids 144

6 Who Grabs the Marshmallow? 152

Mrs. Grady and the Boy Who Made Her Cry 172

7 Coaching Troubled Teens 178

A Milestone for Jessica 194

8 The Power of Hope 200

A Kenyan Named Kennedy 221

9 A Doctor Who Treats Violence 241

Renaissance Giver 258

10 Attacking Sex Trafficking 265

Shana's Comeback 278

Part 2 Reforming the Art of Helping

11 Charity: In Search of a Revolution 285

The Biggest Bang for the Philanthropic Buck 313

12 Madison Avenue Helps the Needy 317

Lessons from a Master Pastor 342

13 Scaling Social Good 349

Impossible, Possible Task: A Happy, Healthy Meal 365

14 Doing Good While Being Big 369

The Perfect Product: Cheap, Clean Water 393

Part 3 Give, Get, Live

15 The Neuroscience of Giving: A Natural High 399

The Most Boring Aid in the World 414

16 When Social Networks Dig a Well 418

One Girl, in Memoriam 444

17 Survival of the Kind 447

Philanthropy by the Poor 460

18 Healing Through Helping 464

Encore Careers 481

19 A Hundred Flowers Bloom 485

A Hundred Million Books 501

20 A Giving Code 507

Six Steps You Can Take in the Next Six Minutes 533

A Gift List 535

List of Useful Organizations 539

Acknowledgments 557

Notes 563

Index 615

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A Path Appears: Transforming Lives, Creating Opportunity 5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 2 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Material well researched with real world experience from the authors, reading this book gives one hope for humanity and the future. There is so much that can be done for girls and women around the world and this book is a great resource to help one find where they can be of service. This is with out a doubt also a great resource for girls and women that have or still are experiencing trauma in there lives and having a hard time finding organizations that can help. Also just being informed about what is happening around the world and in our own country is eye opening and empowering. Knowledge is power.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago