Pub. Date:
Sinauer Associates, Incorporated
A Primer of Conservation Biology / Edition 3

A Primer of Conservation Biology / Edition 3

by Richard B. Primack


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A Primer of Conservation Biology / Edition 3

A Primer of Conservation Biology, Fifth Edition incorporates background, theory, and examples in a lively and readable text that will appeal to a wide audience and stimulate interest in conservation biology. The book provides the most up-to-date perspective on many high-profile issues in the field, such as sustainable development, global warming, payments for ecosystem services, and strategies to save species on the verge of extinction.

The Primer is divided into nine chapters, focusing successively on biological diversity and its value, the threats to biological diversity, conservation at the population and species levels, protecting, managing and restoring ecosystems, and sustainable development. The book provides many examples of successful conservation approaches, such as one involving sea turtles in Brazil, and ends with suggestions for a future agenda. Throughout, the choice of examples is well balanced to show the full range of species, ecosystems, and geographic areas of the world. These examples are also selected to demonstrate the controversies in the field, and stimulate thought and discussion. The links between conservation biology and environmental law, environmental economics, philosophy, social sciences and anthropology, park management, and government policy are clearly presented.

The book is very well illustrated in color. The reader-friendly text is backed by an extensive bibliography (covering literature through 2012) and a glossary. There is an annotated list of suggested readings, a summary, and discussion questions at the end of each chapter. Key conservation organizations and their websites are presented in an Appendix.

A Primer of Conservation Biology is ideally suited for use in short undergraduate courses, either as a stand-alone text or supplemented by outside readings. It can also be used effectively as a supplemental resource in courses in introductory biology, general ecology, population biology, environmental science, and wildlife management. Its broad perspective, concise format, and appealing writing style make the Primer the perfect choice for students, professionals, government policymakers, and others who are eager to learn more about conservation biology. These same qualities give the book a strong appeal to students whose first language is not English.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780878937288
Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Incorporated
Publication date: 06/28/2004
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 320
Product dimensions: 7.20(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Richard B. Primack is a Professor in the Biology Department at Boston University. He received his B.A. at Harvard University in 1972 and his Ph.D. at Duke University in 1976, and then was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Canterbury. He has served as a visiting professor at the University of Hong Kong and Tokyo University, and has been awarded Bullard and Putnam Fellowships from Harvard University and a Guggenheim Fellowship. Dr. Primack was President of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation, and is currently Editor-in-Chief of the journal Biological Conservation. Twenty-seven foreign-language editions of his textbooks have been produced, with local coauthors adding in local examples. He is an author of rain forest books, most recently Tropical Rain Forests: An Ecological and Biogeographical Comparison, Second Edition (with Richard Corlett). Dr. Primack's research interests include: the biological impacts of climate change; the loss of species in protected areas; tropical forest ecology and conservation; and conservation education. He is currently writing a popular book about changes in Concord since the time of Henry David Thoreau and Walden.

Table of Contents

1.Conservation and Biological Diversity1
Conservation Biology's Interdisciplinary Approach: A Case Study with Sea Turtles3
Why Is Conservation Needed?6
Conservation Biology's Ethical Principles8
The Origin of Conservation Biology9
What Is Biological Diversity?11
Species diversity12
Box 1.1The Origin of New Species13
Box 1.2Naming and Classifying Species16
Genetic diversity18
Community diversity19
Measuring biological diversity24
Where Is the World's Biological Diversity Found?27
How many species exist worldwide?30
Extinction and Economics: Losing Something of Value34
Patterns of extinction34
Ecological economics36
Common property resources37
Direct Economic Values39
Consumptive use value40
Productive use value42
Indirect Economic Values44
Nonconsumptive use value44
Option value51
Existence value53
Environmental Ethics54
Deep ecology57
Suggested Readings60
2.Threats to Biological Diversity61
Rates of Extinction62
The Current, Human-Caused Extinctions63
Extinction rates in water and on land66
Island Biogeography and Modern Extinction Rates68
Local extinctions71
Causes of Extinction72
Habitat destruction75
Habitat fragmentation84
Habitat degradation and pollution89
Global climate change95
Invasive species105
Vulnerability to Extinction113
Suggested Readings119
3.Conservation at the Population and Species Levels121
Essential Concepts for Small Populations122
The Problems of Small Populations123
Loss of genetic variability125
Effective population size129
Demographic variation132
Environmental variation and catastrophes133
Extinction vortices135
Applied Population Biology136
Methods for studying populations137
Establishment of New Populations146
Considerations for successful programs148
Establishing new plant populations152
The status of new populations154
Ex Situ Conservation Strategies155
Botanical gardens162
Conservation Categories of Species166
Legal Protection of Species171
National laws171
International agreements to protect species and habitats174
Suggested Readings179
4.Conserving Biological Communities183
Protected Areas184
Classification of protected areas185
Establishing priorities for protection188
Prioritization systems189
Designing Networks of Protected Areas200
Protected area size and characteristics201
Minimizing edge and fragmentation effects204
Conservation networks205
Linking protected areas with habitat corridors205
Landscape ecology and park design208
Managing Protected Areas210
Management and monitoring211
Managing habitat213
Protected area management and people215
Challenges in park management219
Outside Protected Areas220
Human-dominated landscapes221
Ecosystem management223
Restoration Ecology225
Restoration of some major communities229
The future of restoration ecology234
Suggested Readings235
5.Conservation and Sustainable Development239
Government Action239
Local legislation239
National laws243
Traditional Societies, Conservation, and Sustainable Development244
Conservation ethics of traditional societies245
Local people and their governments246
International Approaches to Conservation and Sustainable Development251
International agreements and summits252
International funding256
International development banks and ecosystem damage260
Ongoing Problems and Possible Responses265
The Role of Conservation Biologists270
Suggested Readings274
AppendixSelected Environmental Organizations and Sources of Information277

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