A Programmer's Guide to .NET

A Programmer's Guide to .NET

by Alexei Fedorov

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Overview

A Programmer's Guide to .NET by Alexei Fedorov

The new Microsoft platform, Microsoft .NET provides countless opportunities for different services and systems to interact, allowing programmers to develop powerful solutions for the internet. If you are a programmer or developer wanting to take full advantage of Microsoft .NET, this book, which provides essential information for the whole of the .NET platform, is for you. A Programmer's Guide to .NET will help you to gain an in-depth understanding of the .NET framework, its architecture, main components and supported technologies. Alexei Federov describes how the main components of the platform -- Windows Forms, Web Forms, ADO.NET, web services and the Common Language Runtime -- can work together, enabling you to create high-performance applications more easily and efficiently.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780321112323
Publisher: Pearson Education
Publication date: 07/25/2002
Pages: 707
Product dimensions: 7.40(w) x 9.28(h) x 1.41(d)

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Preface

Introduction

Welcome to A Programmer's Guide to .NET. This book will teach you about the .NET Framework, its architecture, main components, and supported technologies. Here are brief summaries of the contents of the chapters in this book.

In Chapter 1, .NET platform overview, we provide an overview of the Microsoft .NET platform and discuss its main components. We discuss development tools and .NET languages, .NET enterprise servers, and provide a brief overview of the Microsoft .NET Framework. We discuss the .NET Framework class library, common language runtime, and web services. In the second part of this chapter, we learn how to install Microsoft .NET Framework SDK.

The second chapter, Common Language Runtime, is dedicated to the core component of the Microsoft .NET Framework — Common Language Runtime (CLR), which is the infrastructure .NET uses to execute all .NET applications — from simple console applications to web forms (ASP.NET applications) to Windows forms-based applications.

The .NET Framework class library — types and structures is Chapter 3. In this chapter we start our journey through the .NET Framework class library — a set of namespaces, classes, interfaces, and valuetypes that are used in our .NET applications, components, and controls.

Chapter 4, More on the .NET Framework class library — streams, file system, and networking, covers classes that are implemented in two namespaces — the System.IO namespace and System.Net namespace. We start with the System.IO namespace and discuss such things as streams, streams readers, and writers, as well as classes that provide us with functions to work with the file system and files. After this, we move on to the System.Net namespace and learn about networking features implemented by the classes available in this namespace.

In Chapter 5, The Microsoft .NET Framework class library — more goodies, we end our tour around the .NET Framework class library that we started back in Chapter 3. Here we discuss several useful classes and other types that are available in the class library.

Chapter 6, ASP.NET and web forms, shows how to use Microsoft .NET to create web applications with the help of two technologies — Active Server Pages .NET (ASP.NET) and web forms.

ASP.NET server controls are covered in Chapter 7, where we learn about this set of classes, which we can use to create an ASP.NET applications user interface.

The eighth chapter focuses on Windows forms. Here we explore the .NET Framework library classes that allow us to create Windows applications. We discuss the "real" Windows applications that run on the desktop under Microsoft .NET. Such applications can have windows, controls, can draw graphics, and react to keyboard and mouse events.

Chapter 9, Windows forms controls, starts our two-part discussion of these controls. Here we learn about such standard controls as buttons, text controls, labels, lists, and menus. For each group, we provide a list of classes that comprise it, as well as detailed descriptions of each class, its properties and methods, as well as usage examples.

The tenth chapter is entitled Additional Windows forms controls. In Chapter 9 we learned how to make the most of the standard Windows controls — text boxes, buttons, check boxes, radio buttons, list boxes, and so on. The Microsoft .NET Framework class library contains controls that extend the basic set of controls found in Windows. In Chapter 10 we learn about these additional controls, as well as how to use ActiveX controls in web forms.

In Chapter 11, Graphical functions and GDI+, we explore graphical functions available in the System.Drawing namespace and its secondary namespaces. We start this chapter with an overview of the graphics device interface (GDI) and its advanced version — graphics device interface plus (GDI+), then move on to a discussion of the System.Drawing namespace and its secondary namespaces. The second part of the chapter is dedicated to printing in .NET applications and the third part to talking about using graphics functionality in ASP.NET applications.

Chapter 12, Working with Data — ADO.NET, explores the ADO.NET — the data access component of the .NET Framework. As with the ASP.NET, ADO.NET is not just a new version of Microsoft ADO — it is a completely new data access architecture based on managed providers and a set of classes that we discuss in this chapter.

The thirteenth chapter, Using data binding controls, focuses on the data binding controls available in the ASP.NET and Windows forms. Data binding is the process of automatically setting properties of one or more controls at runtime from a structure that contains data.

The penultimate chapter, Working with XML, is about XML support in the Microsoft .NET Framework. XML is the universal format for data on the web. It allows developers to easily describe and deliver rich, structured data from any application in a standard, consistent way. XML is at the core of many features of the Microsoft .NET Framework — configuration management, object serialization, remoting, web services, database access, and file storage.

The last chapter, Building and consuming web services, provides information about web services — reusable web components that can be invoked from any platform capable of communicating over the internet. Web services expose their functionality via standard web protocols such as HTTP and XML and enable us to interconnect web applications. We can say that web services are URL-addressable resources that return requested information to a client or manipulate the data model behind the web service.

In the appendix, a list of selected web resources is provided.All code examples in this book are provided in Visual Basic .NET, but it should not be a problem to port the code to other .NET languages — the code illustrates the usage of .NET Framework rather than the programming techniques of VB.NET.



Table of Contents

About the authorvi
Introductionvii
1.NET platform overview1
2Common Language Runtime18
3The .NET Framework class library--types and structures35
4More on the .NET Framework class library--streams, the file system, and networking95
5The Microsoft .NET Framework class library--more goodies157
6ASP.NET and web forms192
7ASP.NET server controls250
8Windows forms333
9Windows forms controls370
10Additional Windows forms controls423
11Graphical functions and GDI+478
12Working with data--ADO.NET519
13Using data binding controls568
14Working with XML627
15Building and consuming web services673
AppendixSelected .NET web resources703
Index705

Preface

Introduction

Welcome to A Programmer's Guide to .NET. This book will teach you about the .NET Framework, its architecture, main components, and supported technologies. Here are brief summaries of the contents of the chapters in this book.

In Chapter 1, .NET platform overview, we provide an overview of the Microsoft .NET platform and discuss its main components. We discuss development tools and .NET languages, .NET enterprise servers, and provide a brief overview of the Microsoft .NET Framework. We discuss the .NET Framework class library, common language runtime, and web services. In the second part of this chapter, we learn how to install Microsoft .NET Framework SDK.

The second chapter, Common Language Runtime, is dedicated to the core component of the Microsoft .NET Framework — Common Language Runtime (CLR), which is the infrastructure .NET uses to execute all .NET applications — from simple console applications to web forms (ASP.NET applications) to Windows forms-based applications.

The .NET Framework class library — types and structures is Chapter 3. In this chapter we start our journey through the .NET Framework class library — a set of namespaces, classes, interfaces, and value types that are used in our .NET applications, components, and controls.

Chapter 4, More on the .NET Framework class library — streams, file system, and networking, covers classes that are implemented in two namespaces — the System.IO namespace and System.Net namespace. We start with the System.IO namespace and discuss such things as streams, streams readers, and writers, as well as classes that provide us with functions towork with the file system and files. After this, we move on to the System.Net namespace and learn about networking features implemented by the classes available in this namespace.

In Chapter 5, The Microsoft .NET Framework class library — more goodies, we end our tour around the .NET Framework class library that we started back in Chapter 3. Here we discuss several useful classes and other types that are available in the class library.

Chapter 6, ASP.NET and web forms, shows how to use Microsoft .NET to create web applications with the help of two technologies — Active Server Pages .NET (ASP.NET) and web forms.

ASP.NET server controls are covered in Chapter 7, where we learn about this set of classes, which we can use to create an ASP.NET applications user interface.

The eighth chapter focuses on Windows forms. Here we explore the .NET Framework library classes that allow us to create Windows applications. We discuss the "real" Windows applications that run on the desktop under Microsoft .NET. Such applications can have windows, controls, can draw graphics, and react to keyboard and mouse events.

Chapter 9, Windows forms controls, starts our two-part discussion of these controls. Here we learn about such standard controls as buttons, text controls, labels, lists, and menus. For each group, we provide a list of classes that comprise it, as well as detailed descriptions of each class, its properties and methods, as well as usage examples.

The tenth chapter is entitled Additional Windows forms controls. In Chapter 9 we learned how to make the most of the standard Windows controls — text boxes, buttons, check boxes, radio buttons, list boxes, and so on. The Microsoft .NET Framework class library contains controls that extend the basic set of controls found in Windows. In Chapter 10 we learn about these additional controls, as well as how to use ActiveX controls in web forms.

In Chapter 11, Graphical functions and GDI+, we explore graphical functions available in the System.Drawing namespace and its secondary namespaces. We start this chapter with an overview of the graphics device interface (GDI) and its advanced version — graphics device interface plus (GDI+), then move on to a discussion of the System.Drawing namespace and its secondary namespaces. The second part of the chapter is dedicated to printing in .NET applications and the third part to talking about using graphics functionality in ASP.NET applications.

Chapter 12, Working with Data — ADO.NET, explores the ADO.NET — the data access component of the .NET Framework. As with the ASP.NET, ADO.NET is not just a new version of Microsoft ADO — it is a completely new data access architecture based on managed providers and a set of classes that we discuss in this chapter.

The thirteenth chapter, Using data binding controls, focuses on the data binding controls available in the ASP.NET and Windows forms. Data binding is the process of automatically setting properties of one or more controls at runtime from a structure that contains data.

The penultimate chapter, Working with XML, is about XML support in the Microsoft .NET Framework. XML is the universal format for data on the web. It allows developers to easily describe and deliver rich, structured data from any application in a standard, consistent way. XML is at the core of many features of the Microsoft .NET Framework — configuration management, object serialization, remoting, web services, database access, and file storage.

The last chapter, Building and consuming web services, provides information about web services — reusable web components that can be invoked from any platform capable of communicating over the internet. Web services expose their functionality via standard web protocols such as HTTP and XML and enable us to interconnect web applications. We can say that web services are URL-addressable resources that return requested information to a client or manipulate the data model behind the web service.

In the appendix, a list of selected web resources is provided.All code examples in this book are provided in Visual Basic .NET, but it should not be a problem to port the code to other .NET languages — the code illustrates the usage of .NET Framework rather than the programming techniques of VB.NET.



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