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Longman Publishing Group
A Short History of the American Nation / Edition 7

A Short History of the American Nation / Edition 7

by John Arthur Garraty


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780673980274
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
Publication date: 01/07/1997
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 563
Product dimensions: 7.38(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.95(d)

Table of Contents

Maps and Graphs.


1. Europe Discovers America.
Columbus and the "Discovery" of America.
Indian and Europeans: Cultures in Collision.
Native American Civilizations.
The Spanish Decline.
The Protestant Reformation.
English Beginnings in America.
The Settlement of Virginia.
"Purifying" the Church of England.
Of Plymouth Plantation.
A Puritan Commonwealth.
Troublemakers: Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson.
Other New England Colonies.
French and Dutch Settlements.
Maryland and the Carolinas.
The Middle Colonies.
Indians and Europeans as "Americanizers".
American Lives: Tisquantum.

2. American Society in the Making.
What Is an American?
Spanish Settlement and the Southern Colonies.
The Chesapeake: "Seasoning Time".
The Lure of Land.
"Solving" the Labor Shortage: Slavery.
Prosperity in a Pipe: Tobacco.
Bacon's Rebellion.
The Carolinas: "More Like a Negro Country".
Home and Family in the Colonial South.
Georgia and the Back Country.
Colonial New England: A Covenanted People.
The Puritan Family.
Visible Puritan Saints and Others.
Democracies Without Democrats.
Dedham: A "Typical" Town.
The Dominion of New England.
Salem Bewitched.
Higher Education in New England.
Prosperity Undermines Puritanism.
A Merchant's World.
The Middle Colonies: A Rising People.
The Middle Colonies: An Intermingling of Peoples
"The Best Poor Man's Country".
The Politics ofDiversity.
Rebellious Women.
American Lives: Benjamin Franklin.

3. America in the British Empire.
The British Colonial System.
The Navigation Acts.
The Effects of Mercantilism.
The Great Awakening.
The Rise and Fall of Jonathan Edwards.
The Enlightenment in America.
Colonial Scientific Achievements.
Repercussions of Distant Wars.
The Great War for the Empire.
The Peace of Paris.
Putting the Empire Right.
Tightening Imperial Controls.
The Sugar Act.
American Colonists Demand Rights.
The Stamp Act: The Pot Set to Boiling.
Rioters or Rebels?
Taxation or Tyranny?
The Townshend Duties.
The Boston Massacre.
The Tea Act Crisis.
From Resistance to Rebellion.
American Lives: Eunice Williams/Gannenstenhawi.

4. The American Revolution.
"The Shot Heard Round the World".
The Second Continental Congress.
The Battle of Bunker Hill.
The Declaration of Independence.
1776: The Balance of Forces.
Early British Victories.
Saratoga and the French Alliance.
The War Moves South.
Victory at Yorktown.
The Peace of Paris.
Forming a National Government.
Financing the War.
State Republican Governments.
Social Reform.
The Effects of the Revolution on Women.
Growth of a National Spirit.
The Great Land Ordinances.
A National Hero: Washington.
A National Culture.
American Lives: George Washington.

5. The Federalist Era: Nationalism Triumphant.
Border Problems.
Foreign Trade.
The Specter of Inflation.
Daniel Shays's "Little Rebellion".
To Philadelphia, and the Constitution.
The Great Convention.
The Compromises that Produced the Constitution.
Ratifying the Constitution.
Washington as President.
Congress Under Way.
Hamilton and Financial Reform.
The Ohio Country: A Dark and Bloody Ground.
Revolution in France.
Federalists and Republicans: The Rise of Political Parties.
1794: Crisis and Resolution.
Jay's Treaty.
1795: All's Well That Ends Well.
Washington's Farewell.
The Election of 1796.
The XYZ Affair.
The Alien and Sedition Acts.
The Kentucky and Virginia Resolves.

6. Jeffersonian Democracy.
The Election of 1800.
The Federalist Contribution.
Thomas Jefferson: Political Theorist.
Jefferson as President.
Jefferson's Attack on the Judiciary.
The Barbary Pirates.
The Louisiana Purchase.
Federalism Discredited.
Lewis and Clark.
Jeffersonian Democracy.
Domestic Concerns Vex Jefferson.
The Burr Conspiracy.
Napoleon and the British.
The Impressment Controversy.
The Embargo Act.

7. National Growing Pains.
Madison in Power.
Tecumseh and Indian Resistance.
Depression and Land Hunger.
Opponents of War.
The War of 1812.
Britain Assumes the Offensive.
The Treaty of Ghent.
The Hartford Convention.
The Battle of New Orleans.
Victory Weakens the Federalists.
Anglo-American Rapprochement.
The Transcontinental Treaty.
The Monroe Doctrine.
The Era of Good Feelings.
New Sectional Issues.
Northern Leaders.
Southern Leaders.
Western Leaders.
The Missouri Compromise.
The Election of 1824.
J.Q. Adams as President.
Calhoun's Exposition and Protest.
The Meaning of Sectionalism.

8. Toward a National Economy.
Gentility and the Consumer Revolution.
America's Industrial Revolution.
Birth of the Factory.
An Industrial Proletariat?
Francis Cabot Lowell's Waltham System.
Irish and German Immigrants.
The Persistence of the Household System.
Rise of Corporations.
Cotton Revolutionizes the South.
Revival of Slavery.
Roads to Market.
Transportation and the Government.
Development of Steamboats.
The Canal Boom.
New York City: Emporium of the Western World.
The Marshall Court.

9. Jacksonian Democracy.
The "Coronation" of King Mob.
"Democratizing" Politics.
1828: The New Party System in Embryo.
The Jacksonian Appeal.
The Spoils System.
President of All the People.
Sectional Tensions Revived.
Jackson: "The Bank . . . I Will Kill It!".
Jackson's Bank Veto.
Jackson versus Calhoun.
Indian Removals.
The Nullification Crisis.
Boom and Bust.
The Jacksonians.
Rise of the Whigs.
Martin Van Buren: Jacksonianism without Jackson.
The Log Cabin Campaign.
American Lives: Horace Greeley.

10. The Making of Middle-Class America.
Tocqueville and Beaumont in America.
Tocqueville in Judgment.
A Restless People.
Off to Work.
The Family Recast.
The Second Great Awakening.
The Era of Associations.
Backwoods Utopias.
The Age of Reform.
"Demon Rum".
The Abolitionist Crusade.
Women's Rights.
American Lives: Sojourner Truth.

11. A Democratic Culture.
In Search of Native Grounds.
The Romantic View of Life.
Emerson and Thoreau.
Edgar Allan Poe.
Nathaniel Hawthorne.
Herman Melville.
Walt Whitman.
The Wider Literary Renaissance.
Domestic Tastes.
Education for Democracy.
Reading and the Dissemination of Culture.
The State of the Colleges.
Civic Cultures.
Scientific Stirrings.

12. Expansion and Slavery.
Tyler's Troubles.
The Texas Question.
Manifest Destiny.
Life on the Trail.
California and Oregon.
The Election of 1844.
Polk as President.
War with Mexico.
To the Halls of Montezuma.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago.
Fruits of Victory: Further Enlargement of the United States.
Slavery: The Fire Bell in the Night Rings Again.
The Election of 1848.
The Gold Rush.
The Compromise of 1850.

13. The Sections Go Their Ways.
The South.
The Economics of Slavery.
Antebellum Plantation Life.
The Sociology of Slavery.
Psychological Effects of Slavery.
Manufacturing in the South.
The Northern Industrial Juggernaut.
Self-Generated Expansion.
A Nation of Immigrants.
How Wage Earners Lived.
Progress and Poverty.
Foreign Commerce.
Canals and Railroads.
Financing the Railroads.
Railroads and the Economy.
Railroads and the Sectional Conflict.
The Economy on the Eve of Civil War.

14. The Coming of the Civil War.
The Slave Power Comes North.
Uncle Tom's Cabin.
"Young America".
The Little Giant: Stephen A. Douglas.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Know-Nothings and Republicans.
"Bleeding Kansas".
Senator Sumner Becomes an Martyr for Abolitionism
Buchanan Tries His Hand.
The Court's Turn.
The Lecompton Constitution.
The Emergence of Lincoln.
The Lincoln-Douglas Debates.
John Brown's Raid.
The Election of 1860.
The Secession Crisis.

15. The War to Save the Union.
Fort Sumter: The First Shot.
The Blue and the Gray.
The Test of Battle: Bull Run.
Paying for the War.
Politics as Usual.
Behind Confederate Lines.
War in the West: Shiloh.
McClellan: The Reluctant Warrior.
Lee Counterattacks: Antietam.
The Emancipation Proclamation.
The Draft Riots.
The Emancipated People.
Antietam to Gettysburg.
Lincoln Finds His General: Grant at Vicksburg.
Economic and Social Effects, North and South.
Women in Wartime.
Grant in the Wilderness.
Sherman in Georgia.
To Appomattox Court House.
Winners, Losers and the Future.

16. Reconstruction and the South.
Presidential Reconstruction.
Republican Radicals.
The Fourteenth Amendment.
The Reconstruction Acts.
Congress Takes Charge.
The Fifteenth Amendment.
"Black Republican" Reconstruction: Scalawags and Carpetbaggers.
The Ravaged Land.
Sharecropping and the Crop-Lien System.
The White Backlash.
Grant as President.
The Disputed Election of 1876.
The Compromise of 1877.

17. In the Wake of War.
New Problems, New Solutions.
The Triumph of Self Interest.
Congress Ascendant.
The Political Aftermath of War.
Blacks After Reconstruction.
Booker T. Washington: A "Reasonable" Champion for Blacks.
White Violence and Vengeance.
The West After the Civil War.
The Plains Indians.
Indian Wars.
The Destruction of Tribal Life.
The Lure of Gold and Silver in the West.
Big Business and the Land Bonanza.
Western Railroad Building.
The Cattle Kingdom.
Open-Range Ranching.
Barbed-Wire Warfare.

18. An Industrial Giant.
The Essentials of Industrial Growth.
Railroads: The First Big Business.
Iron, Oil, and Electricity.
Competition and Monopoly: The Railroads.
Competition and Monopoly: Steel.
Competition and Monopoly: Oil.
Competition and Monopoly: Retailing and Utilities.
American Ambivalence to Big Business.
Reformers: George, Bellamy, Lloyd.
Reformers: The Marxists.
The Government Reacts to Big Business: Railroad Regulation.
The Government Reacts to Big Business: The Sherman Antitrust Act.
The Union Movement.
The American Federation of Labor.
Labor Militancy Rebuffed.
Whither America, Whither Democracy?

19. American Society in the Industrial Age.
Middle-Class Life.
Skilled and Unskilled Workers.
Working Women.
Working-Class Family Life.
Working-Class Attitudes.
Working Your Way Up.
The "New" Immigration.
New Immigrants Face New Nativism.
The Expanding City and Its Problems.
Teeming Tenements.
The Cities Modernize.
Leisure Activities: More Fun and Games.
Christianity's Conscience and the Social Gospel.
The Settlement Houses.
Civilization and Its Discontents.

20. Intellectual and Cultural Trends Toward the End of the Century.
The Knowledge Revolution.
Magazine Journalism.
Colleges and Universities.
Scientific Advances.
Revolution in the Social Sciences.
Progressive Education.
Law and History.
Realism in Literature.
Mark Twain.
William Dean Howells.
Henry James.
Realism in Art.
The Pragmatic Approach.

21. Politics: Local, State, and National.
Political Strategy and Tactics.
Voting Along Ethnic and Religious Lines.
City Bosses.
Party Politics: Sidestepping the Issue.
Lackluster Leaders.
Crops and Complaints.
The Populist Movement.
Showdown on Silver.
The Election of 1896.
The Meaning of the Election.

22. The Age of Reform.
Roots of Progressivism.
The Muckrakers.
The Progressive Mind.
"Radical" Progressives: The Wave of the Future.
Political Reform: Cities First.
Political Reform: The States.
State Social Legislation.
Political Reform: Women's Suffrage.
Political Reform: Income Taxes and Popular Election of Senators.
Theodore Roosevelt: Cowboy in the White House.
Roosevelt and Big Business.
Roosevelt and the Coal Strike.
T. R.'s Triumphs.
Roosevelt Tilts Left.
William Howard Taft: The Listless Progressive, or More Is Less.
Breakup of the Republican Party.
The Election of 1912.
Wilson: The New Freedom.
The Progressives and Minority Rights.
Black Militancy.
American Lives: Emma Goldman.

23. From Isolation to Empire.
Isolation or Imperialism?
Origins of the Large Policy: Coveting Colonies.
Toward an Empire in the Pacific.
Toward an Empire in Latin America.
The Cuban Revolution.
The "Splendid Little" Spanish-American War.
Developing a Colonial Policy.
The Anti-Imperialists.
The Philippine Insurrection.
Cuba and the United States.
The United States in the Caribbean.
The Open Door Policy.
The Panama Canal.
Non-Colonial Imperial Expansion.
American Lives: Frederick Funston.

24. Woodrow Wilson and the Great War.
Wilson's "Moral" Diplomacy.
Europe Explodes in War.
Freedom of the Seas.
The Election of 1916.
The Road to War.
Mobilizing the Economy.
Workers in Wartime.
Paying for the War.
Propaganda and Civil Liberties.
Wartime Reforms.
Women and African Americans in Wartime.
Americans: To the Trenches and Over the Top.
Preparing for Peace.
The Paris Peace Conference and the Versailles Treaty.
The Senate Rejects the League of Nations.
The Red Scare.
The Election of 1920.
American Lives: Harry S. Truman.

25. Postwar Society and Culture: Change and Adjustment.
Closing the Gates to New Immigrants.
New Urban Social Patterns.
The Younger Generation.
The "New" Woman.
Popular Culture: Movies and Radio.
The Golden Age of Sports.
Urban-Rural Conflicts: Fundamentalism.
Urban-Rural Conflicts: Prohibition.
The Ku Klux Klan.
Sacco and Vanzetti.
Literary Trends.
The "New Negro".
Economic Expansion.
The Age of the Consumer.
Henry Ford.
The Airplane.

26. The New Era: 1921-1933.
Harding and "Normalcy".
"The Business of the United States Is Business".
The Harding Scandals.
Coolidge Prosperity.
Peace without a Sword.
The Peace Movement.
The Good Neighbor Policy.
The Totalitarian Challenge.
War Debts and Reparations.
The Election of 1928.
Economic Problems.
The Stock Market Crash of 1929.
Hoover and the Depression.
The Economy Hits Bottom.
The Depression and Its Victims.
The Election of 1932.

27. The New Deal: 1933-1941.
The Hundred Days.
The National Recovery Administration (NRA).
The Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA).
The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA).
The New Deal Spirit.
The Unemployed.
Literature in the Depression.
Three Extremists: Long, Coughlin, and Townsend.
The Second New Deal.
The Election of 1936.
Roosevelt Tries to Undermine the Supreme Court.
The New Deal Winds Down.
Significance of the New Deal.
Women as New Dealers: The Network.
Blacks During the New Deal.
A New Deal for Indians.
The Role of Roosevelt.
The Triumph of Isolationism.
War Again in Europe.
A Third Term for FDR.
The Undeclared War.

28. War and Peace.
The Road to Pearl Harbor.
Mobilizing the Home Front.
The War Economy.
War and Social Change.
Minorities in Time of War: Blacks, Hispanics and Indians.
The Treatment of German- and Italian-Americans.
Internment of the Japanese.
Women's Contribution to the War Effort.
Allied Strategy: Europe First.
Germany Overwhelmed.
The Naval War in the Pacific.
Island Hopping.
Building the Atom Bomb.
Wartime Diplomacy.
Allied Suspicion of Stalin.
Yalta and Potsdam.

29. The American Century.
The Postwar Economy.
At Home and Work.
The Containment Policy.
The Atom Bomb: A "Winning" Weapon?
A Turning Point in Greece.
The Marshall Plan and the Lesson of History.
Dealing with Japan and China.
The Election of 1948.
Containing Communism Abroad.
Hot War in Korea.
The Communist Issue at Home.
Dwight D. Eisenhower.
The Eisenhower-Dulles Foreign Policy.
McCarthy Self-Destructs.
Asian Policy After Korea.
The Middle East Cauldron.
Eisenhower and Khrushchev.
Latin America Aroused.
The Politics of Civil Rights.
The Election of 1960.

30. From Camelot to Watergate.
The Cuban Crises.
The Vietnam War.
"We Shall Overcome": The Civil Rights Movement.
Tragedy in Dallas: JFK Assassinated.
Lyndon Baines Johnson.
The Great Society.
Johnson Escalates the War.
Opposition to the War.
The Election of 1968.
Nixon as President: "Vietnamizing" the War.
The Cambodian "Incursion".
Dtente with Communism.
Nixon in Triumph.
The Economy Under Nixon.
The Watergate Break-In.
More Troubles for Nixon.
The Judgment on Watergate: "Expletive Deleted".
The Meaning of Watergate.

31. Society in Flux.
A Changing Society: Demographic Shifts.
The Advent of Television.
The Growing Middle Class.
Religion in Changing Times.
Literature and Art.
The Perils of Progress.
The Costs of Prosperity.
New Racial Turmoil.
Native-Born Ethnics.
Rethinking Public Education.
Students in Revolt.
The Counterculture.
The Sexual Revolution.
Women's Liberation.

32. Running on Empty: The Nation Transformed.
The Oil Crisis.
Ford as President.
The Fall of South Vietnam.
Ford vs. Carter.
The Carter Presidency.
A National Malaise.
Stagflation: The Weird Economy.
"You Deserve a Break": Families Under Strain.
Cold War or Dtente?
The Iran Crisis: Origins.
The Iran Crisis: Carter's Dilemma.
The Election of 1980.
Reagan as President.
Four More Years.
"The Reagan Revolution".
Change and Uncertainty.
The New Merger Movement.
"A Job for Life": Layoffs Hit Home.
A "Bi-Polar" Economy, a Fractured Society.
The Iran-Contra Arms Deal.
American Lives: Bill Gates.

33. Crimes and Misdemeanors.
The Election of 1988.
The Crime Wave.
Crime and Punishment.
"Crack" and Urban Gangs.
Violence and Popular Culture.
Bush as President.
The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe.
The Invasion of Panama.
The War in the Persian Gulf.
The Deficit Worsens.
Looting the Savings and Loans.
Whitewater and the Clintons.
Enter Perot.
A New Start: Clinton.
Emergence of the Republican Majority.
The Election of 1996.
"The Trial of the Century".
A Racial Divide.
The "Goldilocks" Economy: Neither Hot nor Cold.
Clinton Impeached.
The Imponderable Future.


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