In the modern world there is no shortage of people who know what is best for others. Self-appointed experts, consultants, and organizations try to convince states, corporations, and individuals that they would be better off if they only followed some specific rules about what to do. There are 'experts' in almost every field of human activity, from the management of companies to the management of our own health. Even organizations as powerful as states and large corporations follow rules provided by others on how to organize, which policies to pursue, what kinds of services to provide, or how their products should be designed. These rules are presented as being voluntary and advisory. They are standards, not mandatory directives, and in modern life standards abound. They may concern what characteristics a telephone should have, how a company should report its financial transactions, how contracts should be worded, what structure an organization should have, how children should be brought up and educated, how to play tennis, and so forth.
This book discusses standards and standardization as a form of regulation. The authors argue that standards enable a higher degree of global order in the modern world than would exist without them. They facilitate coordination and cooperation on a global scale, creating similarities and homogeneity even among peoples and organizations that are quite different. The author believe that standardization is a much neglected area of social science - an area that has by no means received the attention it deserves in view of its importance to society. This book seeks to redress the balance by providing an in-depth examination of a number of aspects of standardization, how it is formed, and what effects it has on the world in which we live.
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press, USA|
|Edition description:||Revised ed.|
|Product dimensions:||9.10(w) x 6.10(h) x 0.50(d)|
About the Author
Nils Brunsson is Professor of Management at the Stockholm School of Economics and Chairman of the Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE). He has published eighteen books and numerous articles in the field of organizations, including The Irrational Organization (Wiley, 1985), The Organization of Hypocrisy (Wiley, 1989), and Organizing Organizations (Fagbokforlaget, 1998). His main focus has been decision theory and the institutional analysis of organizations. He has held the City of Stockholm Chair in Management at the Stockholm School of Economics since 1986. He is a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. Bengt Jacobsson is Professor of Public Management at Lund University and works at the Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE). His main focus has been organization theory and complex decision-making processes involving political organizations as well as companies. His current interest is transnational regulation, especially its consequences for states. He has published numerous books and articles.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: The Crucial Standardization, Nils Brunsson and Bengt Jacobsson
Part I: Regulating by Standards
Chapter 2: Organization, Market, and Standardization, Nils Brunsson
Chapter 3: Standardization and Expert Knowledge, Bengt Jacobsson
Chapter 4: Standardizing through Organization, Göran Ahrne, Nils Brunsson, and Christina Garsten
Part II: Producing and Distributing Standards
Chapter 5: The Knowledge Base of Standards, Staffan Furusten
Chapter 6: Organizing the Process of Standardization, Kristina Tamm Hallström
Chapter 7: Arenas as Standardizers, Kerstin Sahlin-Andersson
Chapter 8: Selling Standards, Roger Henning
Part III: Adopting Standards
Chapter 9: Following Standards, Nils Brunsson and Bengt Jacobsson
Chapter 10: Standardization and Uniformity, Nils Brunsson
Chapter 11: Standardization and Fashion Trends, Nils Brunsson
Chapter 12: The Pros and Cons of Standardization: An Epilogue, Nils Brunsson and Bengt Jacobsson