ISBN-10:
0130801860
ISBN-13:
9780130801869
Pub. Date:
07/27/1998
Publisher:
Pearson
Abnormal Psychology; The Problem of Maladaptive Behavior / Edition 9

Abnormal Psychology; The Problem of Maladaptive Behavior / Edition 9

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780130801869
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 07/27/1998
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 665
Product dimensions: 8.54(w) x 11.21(h) x 1.28(d)

Table of Contents

Box Contents xv
Preface xvii
About the Authors xxi
Abnormal Psychology
3(30)
What Is Abnormal Behavior
4(7)
First Person Four People: Sources and Expressions of Distress
5(1)
The Stigma of Abnormal Behavior
6(1)
Adaptive and Maladaptive Behavior
7(1)
Vulnerability, Resilience, and Coping
8(2)
Resilience and Vulnerability The Resilient Budding Scientist
10(1)
The Epidemiology of Maladaptive Behavior
11(3)
Prevalence, Incidence, and Risk Factors
11(3)
Seeking Help for Abnormal Behavior
14(3)
Reasons for Clinical Contracts
14(1)
Sources of Help
15(2)
Research in Abnormal Psychology
17(16)
Observing Behavior
17(1)
The Role of Theory
18(1)
The Research Journey
19(1)
Types of Research
20(5)
Research Close-up The Clinical Trial
25(2)
Research Design, Statistical Analyses, and Inferences
27(2)
Ethical Aspects of Research
29(1)
Chapter Summary
30(3)
The Historical Background of Abnormal Psychology
33(24)
Historical Views of Abnormal Behavior
34(16)
The Ancient Western World
35(2)
The Middle Ages
37(2)
The Renaissance
39(1)
The Age of Reason and the Enlightenment
40(3)
The Reform Movement
43(6)
First Person "Echoes from a Dungeon Cell"
49(1)
Psychological and Organic Views of Abnormal Behavior
50(3)
The Psychological Approach
50(1)
The Organic Approach
50(2)
The Approaches Converge
52(1)
The Stage is Set
53(4)
Chapter Summary
54(3)
Theoretical Perspectives on Maladaptive Behavior
57(38)
The Role of Theory in Abnormal Psychology
58(1)
The Orientation of This Book
58(1)
The Biological Perspective
59(12)
Genetic Factors
59(3)
The Nervous System and the Brain
62(1)
The Brain
63(3)
The Endocrines
66(1)
The Neuroscience Revolution
67(1)
Research Close-up Sleep and Sleep Disorders
68(3)
Integration of Biological and Psychological systems
71(1)
The Psychodynamic Perspective
71(8)
Freud and Psychoanalysis
72(4)
Clinical Psychoanalysis
76(1)
More Recent Approaches to Psychoanlysis
77(2)
Evaluating Psychoanalytic Theory
79(1)
The Behavioral Perspective
79(5)
Classical Conditioning
80(1)
Operant Conditioning
80(3)
Social Learning Theories
83(1)
The Cognitive Perspective
84(3)
Maladaptive Behavior and Cognition
85(1)
Cognitive Therapies
86(1)
The Humanistic-Existential Perspective
87(1)
The Humanistic View
87(1)
The Existential View
88(1)
The Community-Cultural Perspective
88(2)
Social Roles and Labeling
89(1)
Contributions of the Community-Cultural Perspective
89(1)
An Integrative Approach
90(5)
Chapter Summary
91(4)
Classification and Assessment
95(34)
Classification: Categories of Maladaptive Behavior
96(10)
Advantages and Disadvantages of Classification
96(2)
Vulnerability, Resilience, and Coping
98(1)
The Multiaxial Approach
98(1)
DSM-IV
98(1)
The Major Diagnostic Categories
99(2)
Evaluation of the DSM Multiaxial Approach
101(1)
Research on Classification
102(2)
Research Close-up Cultural Sensitivity, Ethnic Identity, and the Clinical Process
104(2)
Assessment: The Basis of Classification
106(23)
The Interview
106(5)
Intelligence Tests
111(3)
Neuropsychological Tests
114(1)
Personality Assessment
114(6)
Behavioral Assessment
120(2)
Cognitive Assessment
122(1)
Relational Assessment
122(2)
Bodily Assessment
124(2)
Chapter Summary
126(3)
Stress, Coping, and Maladaptive Behavior
129(24)
Stress and Coping
130(5)
Coping Skills
131(2)
Resilience and Vulnerability Adaptive and Maladaptive Coping
133(2)
Social Support
135(1)
Stressful Situations and Life Transitions
135(6)
Stress-Arousing Situations
136(2)
Research Close-up Date Rape
138(2)
Life Transitions
140(1)
Clinical Reactions to Stress
141(8)
Adjustment Disorder
142(1)
Acute Stress Disorder
143(1)
Dissociative Disorders
144(5)
Treating Stress-Related Problems
149(4)
Supportive Therapy
149(1)
Drugs and Sedatives
150(1)
Relaxation Training
150(1)
Systematic Desensitization
150(1)
Cognitive Modification
150(1)
Social Intervention
150(1)
Chapter Summary
150(3)
Psychological Factors and Physical Symptoms
153(28)
Psychological, Social, and Bodily Interactions
155(3)
The Biopsychosocial Model
155(1)
Research Close-up Behavioral Medicine, and Health Psychology
156(2)
Stress and Illness
158(1)
Psychophysiological Disorders
158(14)
Headaches
159(2)
Cardiovascular Disorders
161(8)
Cancer
169(2)
Biofeedback in the Treatment of Psychophysiological Disorders
171(1)
Somatoform Disorders
172(3)
Somatization Disorders
172(1)
Conversion Disorders
173(1)
Hypochondriasis
173(1)
Body Dysmorphic Disorders
174(1)
Pain Disorders
174(1)
Unexplained Illness
175(2)
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
176(1)
Factitious Disorders and Malingering
177(4)
Chapter Summary
178(3)
Anxiety Disorders
181(34)
The Experience of Anxiety
182(2)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
184(1)
Panic Disorder
185(4)
Case Study An Anxious, Precise, Demanding Man Seeks Help
187(2)
Phobias
189(7)
Specific Phobias
191(1)
Social Phobias
192(3)
Agoraphobia
195(1)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
196(4)
First Person Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
198(2)
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
200(3)
Interpreting and Treating Anxiety Disorders
203(12)
The Psychodynamic Perspective
204(1)
The Behavioral Perspective
205(2)
The Cognitive Perspective
207(2)
The Biological Perspective
209(2)
Research Close-up Comorbidity
211(1)
Chapter Summary
212(3)
Sexual Variations and Disorders
215(30)
Changing Views of Sexual Behavior
216(3)
Homosexuality: An Example of Changing Views of Sexual Behavior
217(1)
Origins of Sexual Orientation
218(1)
Surveys of Sexual Behavior
219(2)
Sexual Dysfunction
221(8)
Types of Sexual Dysfunction
221(1)
Research Close-up The Marital Relationship, Psychological Adjustment, and Sexual Dysfunction
222(3)
Treatment of Sexual Dysfunction
225(2)
Case Study Cognitive-Behavioral Approach to Sexual Dysfunction
227(1)
The Effectiveness of Sex Therapy
228(1)
Gender Identity Disorder
229(2)
Gender Identity Problems in Childhood
229(1)
Gender Identity Disorder in Adults
229(2)
The Paraphilias
231(7)
Fetishism
231(1)
Transvestic Fetishism
232(3)
Sexual Sadism and Masochism
235(1)
Voyeurism
235(1)
Exhibitionism
236(1)
Pedophilia
236(1)
Perspectives on the Paraphilias
237(1)
Sexual Victimization
238(7)
Rape
238(1)
Child Sexual Abuse
238(1)
First Person The Rape of a College Student
239(2)
Chapter Summary
241(4)
Personality Disorders
245(28)
Classifying Personality Disorders
246(3)
Odd or Eccentric Behavior
249(4)
Paranoid Personality Disorder
249(1)
Schizoid Personality Disorder
249(2)
Schizotypal Personality Disorder
251(1)
Case Study Probing for Schizotypal Thinking
251(2)
Dramatic, Emotional, or Erratic Behavior
253(12)
Histrionic Personality Disorder
253(1)
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
254(1)
Borderline Personality Disorder
255(5)
Research Close-up Does Dialectical Behavior Therapy Help Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder?
260(1)
Antisocial Personality Disorder
260(2)
Case Study Antisocial Personality Disorder
262(3)
Anxious or Fearful Behavior
265(4)
Avoidant Personality Disorder
265(1)
Dependent Personality Disorder
266(1)
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
267(2)
Treatment of Personality Disorders
269(1)
The Outlook for Personality Disorder Classification
270(3)
Chapter Summary
270(3)
Mood Disorders
273(46)
Mood Disorders
274(1)
Mood Disorders are Common
274(1)
Depression
275(3)
Depressed Mood
276(1)
Life Events and Depression
276(1)
Risk Factors for Depression
277(1)
Depressive Disorders
278(3)
Dysthymic Disorder
278(1)
Major Depressive Disorder
279(2)
Theoretical Perspectives and Treatment of Depression
281(22)
Biological Theories
282(3)
Biologically Based Treatment
285(1)
Research Close-up Seasonal Affective Disorder
286(6)
Psychodynamic Theories
292(1)
Interpersonal Psychotherapy
293(1)
The Humanistic-Existentialist Perspective
294(1)
The Behavioral Perspective
294(1)
Behavioral Treatment for Depression
295(1)
The Cognitive Perspective
295(4)
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
299(2)
The Vulnerability-Resilience Perspective
301(1)
How Should Depression Be Treated?
301(2)
The Bipolar Disorders
303(7)
Cyclothymic Disorder
303(1)
Bipolar I Disorder
304(2)
Bipolar II Disorder
306(1)
Causes of Bipolar Disorder
307(1)
Treatment of Bipolar Disorder
307(1)
Family Stress and Bipolar Disorder
308(1)
Case Study Bipolar Disorder and a Pyramid Scheme
309(1)
Suicide
310(9)
Risk Factors for Suicide
310(2)
Parasuicide
312(1)
Primary Prevention of Suicide
313(1)
The Impact of Suicide on Others
313(1)
First Person Suicide and the Survivors
314(5)
Chapter Summary
Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders
319(42)
Psychotic Disorders
320(1)
Schizophrenia
320(9)
DSM-IV Subtypes of Schizophrenia
321(1)
Research Close-up Changing Views of Schizophrenia and Their Implications for Classification, Research, and Treatment
322(2)
Positive and Negative Symptoms
324(5)
What Causes Schizophrenia?
329(7)
Genetic Factors
329(1)
Case Study Investigating Schizophrenia from a Variety of Perspectives
330(3)
Schizophrenic Spectrum Disorders
333(1)
Other Biological Factors
334(2)
Methods of Studying Genetic and Environmental Factors
336(4)
Family Studies
337(1)
Twin Studies
338(1)
Adoption Studies
338(2)
Vulnerability, Resilience, and Stress
340(4)
Vulnerability and Adoptive Family Characteristics
340(1)
Community Factors and Stress
341(1)
High-Risk Studies and the Search for Markers
342(1)
High-Risk Markers of Attention and Cognition
343(1)
Therapeutic Approaches
344(11)
Antipsychotic Drugs
346(2)
Skills Training
348(2)
Family Programs
350(1)
First Person Lessening a Family's Guilt Over Schizophrenia
350(3)
Community Support
353(1)
Combined Treatment Approaches
354(1)
Long-Term Outcome Studies
355(2)
Other Psychotic Disorders
357(4)
Schizoaffective Disorder
357(1)
Delusional Disorder
357(1)
Shared Psychotic Disorder
357(1)
Chapter Summary
358(3)
Cognitive Impairment Disorders
361(28)
The Brain: An Interactional Perspective
362(4)
Case Study Sarah Fell and Her Life Was Changed
363(1)
Vulnerability to Brain Disorders
363(1)
Assessing Brain Damage
364(1)
The Brain and Cognitive Impairment
365(1)
Delirium
366(1)
Delirium Tremens
367(1)
Dementia
367(15)
Alzheimer's Disease
369(1)
Research Close-up Psychological Functioning Over Time
370(7)
Pick's Disease
377(1)
Huntington's Disease
377(2)
Parkinson's Disease
379(1)
Brain Trauma: Injuries, Tumors, and Infections
379(2)
First Person A Malignant Brain Tumor
381(1)
Amnestic Disorders
382(1)
The Diversity of Cognitive Impairment Disorders
382(3)
Cerebrovascular Disorders
382(1)
Korsakoff's Syndrome
383(1)
Epilepsy
384(1)
An Integrative Approach to Brain Disorders
385(4)
Chapter Summary
386(3)
Substance-Related Disorders
389(40)
Substance-Use Disorders
390(1)
Substance Dependence
390(1)
Substance Abuse
391(1)
Substance-Induced Disorders
391(2)
Alcohol-Related Disorders
393(14)
Excessive Alcohol Use
393(3)
Perspectives on Alcohol-Related Disorders
396(5)
Treatment
401(6)
Preventing Alcohol-Related Disorders
407(1)
Other Drugs
407(17)
Research Close-up Drinking on Campus
408(2)
Barbituates and Tranquilizers
410(1)
The Opioids
411(3)
Cocaine
414(2)
Amphetamines
416(1)
Hallucinogens
417(1)
PCP (Phenylcyclidine)
418(1)
Inhalants
419(1)
Cannabis
419(2)
Nicotine
421(2)
Caffeine
423(1)
Resilience and Vulnerability Thinking About Quitting?
424(1)
Is There a Final Common Pathway?
424(1)
Substance Dependence and Social Policy
425(4)
Chapter Summary
425(4)
Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence
429(40)
Externalizing Behavior
431(16)
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
431(1)
Resilience and Vulnerability The Long-Term Effects of Child Neglect, Physical Abuse, and Sexual Abuse
432(10)
Tic Disorders and Tourette's Disorder
442(1)
Oppositional Defiant Disorder
442(2)
Conduct Disorder
444(3)
Internalizing Disorders
447(7)
Separation Anxiety Disorder
448(1)
Other Anxiety Disorders Found in Children
449(1)
Treatment of Anxiety Disorders in Children
450(2)
Depression
452(2)
Eating Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence
454(6)
Feeding Disorder of Infancy or Early Childhood
455(1)
Rumination Disorder
455(1)
Pica
455(1)
Anorexia Nervosa
455(3)
Bulimia Nervosa
458(2)
Therapy for Children and Adolescents
460(9)
Play Therapy
461(1)
Case Study Successful Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Children and Adolescents from Diverse Cultural Backgrounds
462(2)
Behavioral and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
464(1)
Family Therapy
464(1)
Effectiveness of Therapy with Children
464(1)
Chapter Summary
465(4)
Pervasive Developmental Disorders and Mental Retardation
469(38)
Pervasive Development Disorders
470(16)
Autistic Disorder
470(3)
First Person Living with Autism: Two People's Experience
473(11)
Asperger's Disorder
484(2)
Rett's Disorder
486(1)
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
486(1)
Mental Retardation
486(21)
Historical Views of Mental Retardation
487(2)
Causes of Mental Retardation
489(1)
Fragile X Syndrome
490(1)
Down Syndrome
491(2)
The Fetal Environment and Mental Retardation
493(1)
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
494(1)
Problems During and After Birth
495(1)
Psychosocial Disadvantage
496(1)
Types of Prevention and Intervention in Mental Retardation
496(1)
Early Intervention Programs
497(2)
Research Close-up Learning, Communication, and Motor Skills Disorders
499(1)
Vocational and Social Skills Training Programs
500(1)
Recognition and Treatment of Psychological Problems
501(1)
The Families of Mentally Retarded Children
502(2)
Chapter Summary
504(3)
Therapies and Their Outcomes
507(38)
Psychotherapy
509(11)
Psychodynamic Therapy and Psychoanalysis
509(3)
First Person False Memories
512(1)
Humanistic and Existential Therapies
513(1)
Cognitive Psychotherapy
514(2)
Brief Psychotherapies
516(1)
How Effective is Psychotherapy?
517(3)
Research Close-up Examining the Process of Psychotherapy
520(1)
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies
520(6)
Behavior Therapy and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
521(2)
Components of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
523(3)
Case Study Therapy Using Several Cognitive-Behavioral Components
526(1)
How Effective is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy?
526(1)
Group Therapy
526(6)
Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy
528(1)
Family and Marital Therapy
528(3)
Psychodrama
531(1)
How Effective Are Group Approaches?
531(1)
Research on the Psychological Therapies
532(3)
Common and Unique Features of Therapies
532(1)
Therapeutic Outcomes
532(1)
Comparing Therapies
533(2)
Recognizing Cultural and Ethnic Diversity
535(1)
Integration of Psychologically Based Therapeutic Aproaches
535(1)
Biological Therapies
536(3)
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
536(1)
Drug Therapies
537(1)
How Effective are Biological Therapies?
538(1)
Hospitalization
539(6)
Chapter Summary
541(4)
Society's Response to Maladaptive Behavior
545(33)
Types of Prevention
546(4)
Levels of Prevention
546(4)
Sites of Prevention
550(11)
The Family
550(4)
Parental Conflict and Divorce
554(2)
The School
556(1)
The Community
557(1)
First Person Kenneth Clark and Arthur A. Schomburg
558(3)
The Diverse Paths to Prevention
561(3)
Paraprofessionals
562(1)
Self-help Groups
562(1)
Community Psychology
563(1)
Treatment in the Community
564(4)
Problems with Community Programs
565(2)
Improving Treatment in the Community
567(1)
Legal Aspects of Treatment and Prevention
568(7)
Institutionalization
569(5)
The Rights of Patients
574(1)
The Duty to Warn
575(1)
A Final Word
575(3)
Chapter Summary
576(2)
Glossary 578(27)
References 605(34)
Photo Credits 639(2)
Name Index 641(10)
Subject Index 651

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