Abraham on Trial: The Social Legacy of Biblical Myth
Abraham on Trial questions the foundations of faith that have made a virtue out of the willingness to sacrifice a child. Through his desire to obey God at all costs, even if it meant sacrificing his son, Abraham became the definitive model of faith for the major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. In this bold look at the legacy of this biblical and qur'anic story, Carol Delaney explores how the sacrifice rather than the protection of children became the focus of faith, to the point where the abuse and betrayal of children has today become widespread and sometimes institutionalized. Her strikingly original analysis also offers a new perspective on what unites and divides the peoples of the sibling religions derived from Abraham and, implicitly, a way to overcome the increasing violence among them.
Delaney critically examines evidence from Jewish, Christian, and Muslim interpretations, from archaeology and Freudian theory, as well as a recent trial in which a father sacrificed his child in obedience to God's voice, and shows how the meaning of Abraham's story is bound up with a specific notion of fatherhood. The preeminence of the father (which is part of the meaning of the name Abraham) comes from the still operative theory of procreation in which men transmit life by means of their "seed," an image that encapsulates the generative, creative power that symbolically allies men with God. The communities of faith argue interminably about who is the true seed of Abraham, who can claim the patrimony, but until now, no one has asked what is this seed.
Kinship and origin myths, the cultural construction of fatherhood and motherhood, suspicions of actual child sacrifices in ancient times, and a revisiting of Freud's Oedipus complex all contribute to Delaney's remarkably rich discussion. She shows how the story of Abraham legitimates a hierarchical structure of authority, a specific form of family, definitions of gender, and the value of obedience that have become the bedrock of society. The question she leaves us with is whether we should perpetuate this story and the lessons it teaches.
Ch. 1 Abraham on Trial: Case for the Prosecution 17
Ch. 2 Abraham as Alibi? A Trial in California 35
Pt. 2 Archaeological and Biblical Evidence 69
Ch. 3 Child Sacrifice: Practice or Symbol? 71
Ch. 4 Child Sacrifice in the Bible 87
Pt. 3 Religious Defenses and Their Silences 105
Religious Defenses: Prolegomenon 107
Ch. 5 Jewish Traditions 111
Ch. 6 Christian Commentary 137
Ch. 7 Muslim Interpretations 162
Pt. 4 The Testimony of Psychoanalysis 187
Ch. 8 Freud's Blind Spot 189
Ch. 9 Sa(l)vaging Freud 211
Pt. 5 The Social Legacy 231
Ch. 10 Sacrificing Our Children 233
Select Bibliography 295
What People are Saying About This
A strikingly original and provocative analysis of a topic that is intensely controversial and yet peculiarly conventional. Carol Delaney's combination of critical methods as well as her particular focus on the implications of the Abraham story for our understanding of kinship,gender,and reproduction are unique,and bring to our attention major common ethical problems among Jews,Christians,and Muslims alike.