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What gives objects their color? Why does copper conduct electricity, but glass does not? Why is carbon dioxide a greenhouse gas while oxygen and nitrogen are not? These are basic questions about how our world works that can't be answered with the usual explanations.
Instead, we must turn to the fascinating field of quantum theory. Absolutely Small investigates the counterintuitive world of the tiniest particles on earth-photons, electrons, atoms, and molecules-that act nothing like objects in our human-sized world and actually upend conventional notions of physics.
Absolutely Small opens up this extraordinary field to nonscientists, as it presents complex ideas without the complex equations. You'll finally "get it" about quantum physics and quantum chemistry, now made accessible and understandable like never before-the math-drenched bestsellers of Stephen Hawking don't even come close!
|Product dimensions:||6.48(w) x 9.96(h) x 1.12(d)|
|Age Range:||18 Years|
About the Author
MICHAEL D. FAYER, PH.D., (Stanford, CA) is the David Mulvane Ehrsam and Edward Curtis Franklin Professor of Chemistry at Stanford University and a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He has won major prizes and honors in the fields of physics, chemistry, and molecular spectroscopy. He is the author of Elements of Quantum Mechanics.
Read an Excerpt
IF YOU ARE READING THIS, you probably fall into one of two broad categories of people. You may be one of my colleagues who is steeped in the mysteries of quantum theory and wants to see how someone writes a serious book on quantum theory with no math.
Or, you may be one of the vast majority of people who look at the world around them without a clear view of why many things in everyday life are the way they are. These many things are not insignificant aspects of our environment that might be overlooked.
Rather, they are important features of the world that are never explicated because they are seemingly beyond comprehension. What gives materials color, why does copper wire conduct electricity but glass doesn’t, what is a trans fat anyway, and why is carbon dioxide a greenhouse gas while oxygen and nitrogen aren’t? This lack of a picture of how things work arises from a seemingly insurmountable barrier to understanding. Usually that barrier is mathematics. To
answer the questions posed above—and many more—requires an understanding of quantum theory, but it actually doesn’t require mathematics.
This book will develop your quantum mechanics intuition a which will fundamentally change the way you view the world. You have an intuition for mechanics, but the mechanics you know is what we refer to as classical mechanics. When someone hits a long drive baseball, you know it goes up for a while, then the path turns over and the ball falls back to Earth. You know if the ball is hit harder, it takes off faster and will go farther before it hits the ground. Why does the ball behave this way? Because gravity is pulling it back to Earth. When you see the moon, you know it is orbiting the Earth. Why? Because gravity attracts the moon to the Earth. You don’t sit down and start solving Newton’s equations to calculate what is going on. You know from everyday experience that apples fall down not up and that if your car is going faster it will take longer to stop. However, you don’t know from everyday experience why cherries are red and blueberries are blue. Color is intrinsically dependent on the quantum mechanical description of molecules.
Everyday experience does not prepare you to understand the nature of things around you that depend on quantum phenomena. As
mentioned here and detailed in the book, understanding features of everyday life, such as color or electricity, requires a quantum theory view of nature
Why no math? Imagine if this book contained discussions of a topic that started in English, jumped into Latin, then turned back to
English. Then imagine that this jumping happened every time the details of an explanation were introduced. The language jumping is what occurs in books on quantum theory, except that instead of jumping from English to Latin, it jumps from English to math. In a hard core quantum mechanics book (for example, my own text,
Elements of Quantum Mechanics [Oxford University Press, 2001]) a you will find things like, ‘‘the interactions are described by the following set of coupled differential equations.’’ After the equations a the text reads, ‘‘the solutions are,’’ and more equations appear. In contrast, the presentation in this book is descriptive. Diagrams replace the many equations, with the exception of some small algebraic equations—and these simple equations are explained in detail.
Even without the usual overflow of math, the fundamental philosophical and conceptual basis for and applications of quantum theory are thoroughly developed. Therefore, anyone can come away with an understanding of quantum theory and a deeper understanding of the world around us. If you know a good deal of math, this book is still appropriate. You will acquire the conceptual understanding necessary to move on to a mathematical presentation of quantum theory. If you are willing to do some mental gymnastics a but no math, this book will provide you with the fundamentals of quantum theory, with applications to atomic and molecular matter.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Schrödinger's Cat 1
Chapter 2 Size Is Absolute 8
Chapter 3 Some Things About Waves 22
Chapter 4 The Photoelectric Effect and Einstein's Explanation 36
Chapter 5 Light: Waves or Particles? 46
Chapter 6 How Big Is a Photon and the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle 57
Chapter 7 Photons, Electrons, and Baseballs 80
Chapter 8 Quantum Racquetball and the Color of Fruit 96
Chapter 9 The Hydrogen Atom: The History 118
Chapter 10 The Hydrogen Atom: Quantum Theory 130
Chapter 11 Many Electron Atoms and the Periodic Table of Elements 151
Chapter 12 The Hydrogen Molecule and the Covalent Bond 178
Chapter 13 What Holds Atoms Together: Diatomic Molecules 196
Chapter 14 Bigger Molecules: The Shapes of Polyatomic Molecules 221
Chapter 15 Beer and Soap 250
Chapter 16 Fat, It's All About the Double Bonds 272
Chapter 17 Greenhouse Gases 295
Chapter 18 Aromatic Molecules 314
Chapter 19 Metals, Insulators, and Semiconductors 329
Chapter 20 Think Quantum 349