Abstraction And Transcendence

Abstraction And Transcendence

by Pham Thanh Hien


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This thesis introduces Tadao Ando, a well-known Japanese architect, who is currently working on an emerging concept in the discourse of architecture, and is opening an approach of high sensibility (sensual, reflective, flexible, and complex, sensitively matching with every moment of life) and conceptualism (rational, logically approaching truth) that is widely considered one of the most important ways of thinking and designing architecture.In the introduction chapter, Tadao Ando's is introduced as a master of architecture and as a critic. Secondly, his goals, objectives, concepts and strategies are outlined. These aspects are grouped and developed into major themes. Those themes will later be interpreted in Chapter Four. In the second chapter of the thesis, the architecture of Tadao Ando is examined more closely, through critics' studies and his writings. This part aims to open further discussions on the most substantial and important grounds and sources of his architecture, which are interpreted in further detail in Chapter Four: the key themes of his works and theories. Being aware that Ando's architecture cannot be understood without grasping "Japaneseness", or the historical cultural and regional contexts of Japan, the third chapter will be devoted to briefly introducing the origins, philosophy, traditions, and culture of the country, as well as major points of new waves of Japanese architecture, both of which tangibly and intangibly serve as the foundation for Ando's architectural themes: nature, shintai, and geometry as both abstract construct and substance. This chapter is essential for understanding the foundation and context of Ando's thoughts that always determine his architecture. Chapter Four is the key part of the thesis. It focuses on two aspects: Ando's philosophically-based theoretical concepts, and his major themes which have been introduced in the previous sections. This chapter provides a general and coherent understanding of his work. The concluding chapter summarizes the crucial points from among Ando's visions, moving from origins and philosophical grounds through concepts, strategies and theories, to the unique solutions which he advances for problems of the age. Thematically, Tadao Ando's works may be shown to reveal: Dialogue with Nature and Tradition (cosmologies, culture); Shintai and Space (mutual independence and penetration); and Geometry (spatial compositions, minimalist form, material and texture). Among these three over riding themes, there are many interrelated sub-themes are also examined.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781581120295
Publisher: Universal-Publishers.com
Publication date: 12/19/1998
Pages: 198
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.45(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter I.Introduction1
1.The process of Ando's architecture1
2.Visions and concepts4
Chapter II.Literature review11
1.General comments11
2.The meaning of life and distinctive architecture12
3.Intention, principle and concepts13
4.Architecture and Eastern-Western traditions16
5.Critics on the theme Geometry19
a.The transformation of space21
b.Form and structure22
6.Critics on the theme Nature23
a.Modulation of light23
b.Sense of urbanism and relationships-place attachment23
7.Critics on the theme Shintai24
a.Man's sensibility24
b.Daily life activities24
Chapter III.Japanese traditions26
1.Origins and Ando's theme nature, and shintai27
a.Origins and nature27
b.Origins and shintai28
c.Geographical landmarks29
2.Religious and philosophical encounters - the roots of Ando's architecture32
1.The influence of Shintoism to Ando's theme nature33
2.Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism and Ando's themes33
1.Buddhism as philosophy35
2.Yuasuo Yuasa's psychological philosophy42
3.Kurokawa and the philosophy of symbiosism45
3.Japanese culture and its relation to Ando's architectural sensibility46
e.Rikyu and The Art of Tea56
f.Love of nature58
4.Japanese characteristics and their relations to main themes of Ando60
1.Self-trained attitude66
2.The philosophy of the body68
5.Most important issues69
Chapter IV.The interpretation of Ando's architecture and his main themes71
Section 1Tadao Ando's positions, theoretical concepts, philosophy, approaches71
a.Ando and the discourse71
b.Theoretical concepts78
1.Geometrical standard and poetical essences78
2.Concepts of nature82
3.Concepts of place (body and space)83
c.Ando's Philosophy and traditional inheritance85
1.Philosophical grounds: East--West encounter85
2.Philosophical applications89
3.Heir to tradition95
d.Ando's approaches103
1.Defining intentions of architecture103
2.Creating symbolic spaces and formal spatiality104
3.The betweeness, Middle-way, and non dualistic approach102
4.The infinity with oppositional dialogues (Shintai relations)103
5.Negation and abstraction104
Section 2Themes111
1.Element of nature116
a.Tangible nature--Preserving nature's generations116
b.Place and culture116
c.The negation of greenery118
d.Water: symbolic and experiential meanings118
e.Sky: symbolic and experiential meanings119
f.Landscape: Fukei--wind and sunlight119
g.Intangible nature121
h.Light and shadow122
2.Measures applied to create an architecture of nature123
a.Nature and everyday life, border and enclosed nature123
b.The modulation of light and shadow126
1.Shintai relation as the union of spirit and body130
2.Shintai and the process of design134
1.Spatial organizational rules. The relation space-form137
2.The wall as a primordial material and spatial entity144
3.Spatial meanings of the walls145
a.The wall of acceptance and negation145
b.The mirror walls146
c.Directional walls146
4.Texture and translucence147
6.Intermediate space as the socialized space148
7.Original form148
9.The mysterious space150
10.Pure geometrical and complex space152
Chapter V.Conclusion161
a.What does architecture need to answer?161
b.End of Architecture162
c.Architecture and human spirit163
d.Preserving human needs164
e.Middle-way approach164
a.The Japanese origins, and religions166
b.Buddhist philosophy--logic and language167
4.The lesson of Tadao Ando's architecture175

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