The historian William Coxe (1748-1828) was also an Anglican priest, and had travelled widely in Europe as tutor to various young noblemen on the Grand Tour. (His Anecdotes of George Frederick Handel, and John Christopher Smith is also reissued in the Cambridge Library Collection.) This work originated on a visit to St Petersburg, where Coxe had obtained sight of journals by Russian explorers, and also found an anonymous German work on Russian Arctic voyages between 1745 and 1770. Having checked its authenticity with the Russian authorities, he translated it to form part of this book, first published in 1780 and reissued here in its revised third edition of 1787. He also provides various journals and accounts of exploration in Siberia, Kamchatka and the American Arctic, together with information on trade between Russia and China. Readers will gain insights into a rarely considered aspect of Arctic exploration and economic exploitation.
Table of Contents
Preface; Advertisement to the third edition; Advertisement to the edition of 1780; Part I. Preliminary Observations concerning Kamtchatka: 1. First discovery of Kamtchatka; 2. General idea of the commerce carried on to the new-discovered islands; 3. Furs and skins procured from Kamtchatka and the new-discovered islands; Part II. Account of the Russian Discoveries: 1. Conquest of Siberia; 2. Voyages in 1745; 3. Successive voyages from 1747 to 1753, to Beering's and Copper Island; 4. Voyages from 1753 to 1756; 5. Voyages from 1756 to 1758; 6. Voyages in 1758, 1759, and 1760; 7. Voyage of Andrean Tolstyk in the St Andrean and Natalia, 1760; 8. Voyage of the Zacharias and Elizabeth; 9. Voyage of the vessel called the Trinity; 10. Voyage of Stephen Glottof in the Andrean and Natalia; 11. Voyage of Soloviof in the St Peter and Paul; 12. Voyage of Otcheredin in the St Paul; 13. Conclusion; Part III. Containing the Supplementary Accounts of the Russian Discoveries: 1. Extract from the journal of a voyage to the Fox Islands; 2. Voyage to the north-east of Siberia; 3. Proofs tending to show that Beering and Tschirikof reached America in 1741; 4. Position of the Andreanoffsky Isles ascertained; 5. Conjectures concerning the Fox Islands; 6. Of the Tschutski; 7. List of the newly discovered islands; 8. Attempts of the Russians to discover a north-east passage; Part IV. The Conquest of Siberia: 1. First irruption of the Russians into Siberia; 2. Commencement of hostilities between the Russians and the Chinese; 3. Account of the Russian and Chinese settlements upon the confines of Siberia; 4. Commerce between the Chinese and Russians; 5. Description of Zurukaitu; 6. Tartarian rhubarb brought to Kiatka by the Bucharian merchants; Appendices 1-4; Index.