ISBN-10:
020146652X
ISBN-13:
9780201466522
Pub. Date:
06/01/1998
Publisher:
Prentice Hall School Division
Addison Wesley : Chemistry / Edition 4

Addison Wesley : Chemistry / Edition 4

by A. Wilbraham

Hardcover

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780201466522
Publisher: Prentice Hall School Division
Publication date: 06/01/1998
Edition description: Older Edition

Table of Contents

Matter and Change
2(24)
Chemistry
3(1)
The Scientific Method
4(4)
Historical Notebook: Alchemy and the Birth of Chemistry
7(1)
Properties of Matter
8(1)
The States of Matter
9(1)
Physical Changes
10(1)
Mixtures
11(3)
Elements and Compounds
14(2)
Chemical Symbols
16(2)
Chemical Reactions
18(1)
Conservation of Mass
19(7)
Science, Technology, and Society: Chemistry for the Sake of Art
20(6)
Scientific Measurement
26(32)
The Importance of Measurement
27(2)
Accuracy and precision
29(1)
Scientific Notation
30(2)
Significant Figures in Measurements
32(2)
Significant Figures in Calculations
34(3)
The International System of Units, SI
37(3)
Science, Technology, and Society: The Metric System
39(1)
Units of Length
40(1)
Units of Volume
41(2)
Units of Mass
43(2)
Measuring Density
45(3)
Specific Gravity
48(1)
Measuring Temperature
49(3)
Consumer Chemistry: Thermometer of Choice
51(1)
Evaluating Measurements
52(6)
Problem Solving in Chemistry
58(24)
Word Problems
59(2)
Techniques of Problem Solving
61(2)
Conversion Factors
63(1)
Dimensional Analysis
64(4)
Converting Between Units
68(4)
Historical Notebook: Tools for Making Calculations
71(1)
Multistep Problems
72(2)
Converting Complex Units
74(8)
Consumer Chemistry: Let's Make a Deal
77(5)
Atomic Structure
82(24)
Atoms
83(3)
Electrons, Protons, and Neutrons
86(4)
The Structure of the Nuclear Atom
90(2)
Atomic Number
92(2)
Mass Number
94(2)
Isotopes of the Elements
96(3)
Environmental Awareness: Hazardous Wastes
98(1)
Atomic Mass
99(1)
Calculating the Atomic Mass of an Element
100(6)
Science, Technology, and Society: Drug Testing
102(4)
Chemical Names and Formulas
106(34)
The Periodic Table
107(2)
Atoms and lons
109(2)
Compounds
111(2)
Chemical Formulas
113(3)
The Laws of Definite and Multiple Proportions
116(3)
Historical Notebook: Pharmacy
118(1)
Ionic Charges of the Elements
119(3)
Polyatomic Ions
122(2)
Common and Systematic Names
124(1)
Writing Formulas for Binary Ionic Compounds
125(2)
Naming Binary Ionic Compounds
127(1)
Ternary Ionic Compounds
128(2)
Binary Molecular Compounds
130(3)
Environmental Awareness: Carbon Monoxide
132(1)
Naming Common Acids
133(1)
Summary of Naming and Formula Writing
133(7)
Chemical Quantities
140(34)
Measuring Matter
141(4)
Environmental Awareness: Lead Poisoning
144(1)
The Mole
145(4)
The Gram Formula Mass
149(5)
The Molar Mass of a Substance
154(1)
Mole--Mass Conversions
155(2)
The Volume of a Mole of Gas
157(1)
Gas Density and the Gram Molecular Mass
158(1)
Converting Between Units with Moles
159(2)
Calculating Percent Composition
161(5)
Historical Notebook: Saltmaking
165(1)
Calculating Empirical Formulas
166(2)
Calculating Molecular Formulas
168(6)
Chemical Reactions
174(32)
Chemical Reactions
175(3)
Writing Chemical Equations
178(2)
Balancing Everyday Equations
180(1)
Balancing Chemical Equations
181(6)
Science, Technology, and Society: Chemistry Rescues Crumbling Books
186(1)
Types of Reactions
187(1)
Combination Reactions
187(3)
Decomposition Reactions
190(1)
Single-Replacement Reactions
191(2)
Double-Replacement Reactions
193(1)
Combustion Reactions
194(3)
Science, Technology, and Society: The Chemistry of Firefighting
196(1)
Predicting Products of a Chemical Reaction
197(2)
Net Ionic Equations
199(7)
Stoichiometry
206(30)
Interpreting Everyday Equations
207(2)
Interpreting Chemical Equations
209(3)
Mole--Mole Calculations
212(4)
Science, Technology, and Society: Forensic Chemistry
215(1)
Mass--Mass Calculations
216(5)
Environmental Awareness: Analysis of Risks and Benefits of Technology
220(1)
Other Stoichiometric Calculations
221(2)
Limiting Reagent
223(5)
Percent Yield
228(8)
The States of Matter
236(26)
Kinetic Theory and the Nature of Gases
237(2)
Gas Pressure
239(3)
Kinetic Energy and kelvin Temperature
242(1)
Environmental Awareness: Scrap Tires
241(2)
The Nature of Liquids
243(1)
Evaporation
244(3)
The Boiling Point of a Liquid
247(2)
The Nature of Solids
249(5)
Science, Technology, and Society: Liquid Crystals
253(1)
Sublimation
254(1)
Phase Diagrams
255(2)
Plasma: The Fourth State of Matter
257(5)
Thermochemistry
262(28)
Energy
263(1)
Heat Capacity
264(2)
Specific Heat Capacity
266(2)
Exothermic and Endothermic Processes
268(1)
Calorimetry
269(2)
Thermochemical Equations
271(5)
Environmental Awareness: The Greenhouse Effect
275(1)
Heat and Changes of State
276(5)
Science, Technology, and Society: Food As Your Fuel
280(1)
Hess's Law
281(2)
Standard Heats of Formation
283(7)
The Behavior of Gases
290(32)
The Effect of Adding or Removing Gas
291(2)
The Effect of Changing the Size of the Container
293(1)
Boyle's Law for Pressure--Volume Changes
294(2)
The Effect of Heating or Cooling a Gas
296(1)
Charles's Law for Temperature--Volume Changes
297(3)
Temperature--Pressure Changes
300(1)
The Combined Gas Law
301(2)
The Ideal Gas Law
303(4)
Science, Technology, and Society: Explosives
306(1)
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures
307(2)
Avogadro's Hypothesis
309(3)
Diffusion and Graham's Law
312(2)
Real Versus Ideal Gases
314(1)
Departures from the Gas Laws
314(8)
Science, Technology, and Society: Scuba Diving and the Gas Laws
316(6)
Electrons in Atoms
322(28)
The Development of Atomic Models
323(3)
The Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom
326(1)
Atomic Orbitals
327(3)
Science, Technology, and Society: The Chemistry of Lighting
329(1)
Electron Configurations
330(3)
Exceptional Electron Configurations
333(1)
Light and Atomic Spectra
334(5)
Historical Notebook: Chemical Dyes
338(1)
The Quantum Concept
339(1)
Light as Particles: The Photoelectric Effect
340(2)
An Explanation of Atomic Spectra
342(2)
The Wave Motion of Matter and Quantum Mechanics
344(6)
Chemical Periodicity
350(22)
The Development of the Periodic Table
351(2)
The Modern Periodic Table
353(4)
Consumer Chemistry: Detergents
356(1)
Electron Configurations and Periodicity
357(3)
Periodic Trends in Atomic Size
360(2)
Periodic Trends in Ionization Energy
362(3)
Environmental Awareness: The Ozone Hole
364(1)
Periodic Trends in Ionic Size
365(1)
Periodic Trends in Electronegativity
366(6)
Ionic Bonds
372(20)
Valence Electrons
373(2)
Electron Configurations for Cations
375(2)
Electron Configurations for Anions
377(3)
Historical Notebook: Damascus Steel
379(1)
Ionic Compounds
380(2)
Properties of Ionic Compounds
382(2)
Metallic Bonds
384(8)
Science, Technology, and Society: Alloys
387(5)
Covalent Bonds
392(40)
Single Covalent Bonds
393(3)
Double and Triple Covalent Bonds
396(1)
Covalent Compounds
397(3)
Coordinate Covalent Bonds
400(3)
Resonance
403(3)
Environmental Awareness: Sunlight
405(1)
Exceptions to the Octet Rule
406(2)
Molecular Orbitals
408(3)
VSEPR Theory
411(2)
Hybrid Orbitals
413(3)
Polar Bonds
416(3)
Polar Molecules
419(1)
Bond Dissociation Energies
420(2)
Intermolecular Attractions
422(2)
Properties of Molecular Substances
424(8)
Consumer Chemistry: Adhesives
426(6)
Water and Aqueous Systems
432(26)
The Water Molecule
433(2)
Surface Properties of Water
435(3)
Environmental Awareness: Wastewater Treatment
437(1)
The Heat Capacity of Water
438(1)
The Evaporation of Water
439(1)
Ice
440(2)
Aqueous Solutions
442(1)
Solvation
442(2)
Electrolytes and Nonelectrolytes
444(3)
Consumer Chemistry: Cosmetics
446(1)
Suspensions and Colloids
447(3)
Water of Hydration
450(8)
Properties of Solutions
458(30)
Solution Formation
459(2)
Solubility
461(1)
Factors Affecting Solubility
462(6)
Consumer Chemistry: Food Labels
467(1)
Molarity
468(2)
Making Dilutions
470(2)
Percent Solutions
472(3)
Science, Technology, and Society: Water Softeners
474(1)
Colligative Properties of Solutions
475(2)
Molality and Mole Fraction
477(2)
Calculating Boiling and Freezing Point Changes
479(2)
Molecular Mass Determination
481(7)
Reaction Rates and Equilibrium
488(46)
Reaction Rates and Collision Theory
489(3)
Factors Affecting Reaction Rates
492(3)
Reversible Reactions
495(4)
Environmental Awareness: Photochemical Smog
498(1)
Factors Affecting Equilibrium
499(4)
Free Energy
503(1)
Spontaneous Reactions
504(2)
Entropy
506(3)
Heat, Entropy, and Free Energy
509(2)
Equilibrium Constants
511(4)
Entropy Calculations
515(4)
Consumer Chemistry: Paint
518(1)
Free Energy Calculations
519(4)
Rate Laws
523(3)
Reaction Mechanisms
526(8)
Acids and Bases
534(34)
Properties of Acids and Bases
535(1)
Names and Formulas of Acids and Bases
536(2)
Hydrogen Ions from Water
538(3)
The PH Concept
541(4)
Environmental Awareness: Acid Rain
544(1)
Calculating pH Values
545(2)
Arrhenius Acids and Bases
547(3)
Bronsted-Lowry Acids and bases
550(2)
Measuring PH
552(4)
Lewis Acids and Bases
556(1)
Strengths of Acids and Bases
557(5)
Consumer Chemistry: Shampoos
561(1)
Calculating Dissociation Constants
562(6)
Neutralization
568(28)
Neutralization Reactions
569(4)
Consumer Chemistry: Antacids
572(1)
Titration
573(3)
Equivalents
576(2)
Normality
578(3)
Salt Hydrolysis
581(2)
Buffers
583(2)
The Solubility Product Constant
585(3)
The Common Ion Effect
588(8)
Science, Technology and Society: Swimming Pool Chemistry
591(5)
Oxidation--Reduction Reactions
596(26)
Oxygen in Redox Reactions
597(2)
Electron Transfer in Redox Reactions
599(4)
Environmental Awareness: Incineration
602(1)
Assigning Oxidation Numbers
603(2)
Oxidation Number Changes
605(2)
Balancing Redox Equations
607(2)
Identifying Redox Reactions
609(2)
Using Half-Reactions to Balance Redox Equations
611(11)
Science, Technology, and Society: Biomass
616(6)
Electrochemistry
622(28)
Electrochemical Processes
623(2)
Voltaic Cells
625(4)
Environmental Awareness: Solar Cells
628(1)
Dry Cells
629(1)
Lead Storage Batteries
629(2)
Fuel Cells
631(3)
Half-Cells
632(2)
Science, Technology, and Society: Corrosion
634(1)
Standard Reduction Potentials
635(2)
Calculating Cell Potentials
637(4)
Electrolytic Cells
641(9)
Metals and Nonmetals
650(32)
The Alkali Metals
651(2)
The Alkaline Earth Metals
653(3)
Aluminum and the Group 3A Elements
656(1)
Carbon and the Group 4A Elements
657(2)
Nitrogen and the Group 5A Elements
659(7)
Oxygen and the Group 6A Elements
662(3)
Science, Technology, and Society: Sulfur and Sulfuric Acid
665(1)
The Halogens
666(2)
Hydrogen
668(2)
The Noble Gases
670(1)
The Transition Metals
671(11)
Environmental Awareness: Toxic Metals
676(6)
Hydrocarbon Compounds
682(28)
Hydrocarbon Bonds
683(2)
Continuous-Chain Alkanes
685(4)
Environmental Awareness: Recycling Plastics
688(1)
Branched-Chain Alkanes
689(3)
Properties of Alkanes
692(1)
Alkenes and Alkynes
693(2)
Consumer Chemistry: Textiles and Fabrics
695(2)
Geometric Isomers
696(1)
Stereoisomers
697(3)
Cyclic and Aromatic Hydrocarbons
700(2)
Coal
702(1)
Natural Gas and Petroleum
703(7)
Functional Groups and Organic Reactions
710(46)
Functional Groups
711(1)
Halocarbons
712(3)
Substitution Reactions
715(3)
Environmental Awareness: Transporting Chemicals
717(1)
Alcohols
718(2)
Properties of Alcohols
720(2)
Addition Reactions
722(2)
Ethers
724(2)
Aldehydes and Ketones
726(3)
Carboxylic Acids
729(2)
Oxidation---Reduction Reactions
731(5)
Historical Notebook: Artificial Sweeteners
735(1)
Esters
736(2)
Polymerization
738(1)
Carbohydrates
739(2)
Lipids
741(2)
Amino Acids, Peptides, Proteins, and Enzymes
743(4)
Nucleic Acids
747(9)
Nuclear Chemistry
756(26)
Radioactivity
757(1)
Types of Radiation
758(5)
Consumer Chemistry: Irradiated Foods
762(1)
Nuclear Stability
763(2)
Half-Life
765(2)
Transmutation Reactions
767(1)
Nuclear Fission
768(3)
Nuclear Fusion
771(3)
Environmental Awareness: Radon Gas
773(1)
Detecting Radiation
774(1)
Radioisotopes in Research and Medicine
775(7)
Appendix A Reference Tables 782(6)
Appendix B Math Review 788(14)
Appendix C Solutions to In-Text Questions and Problems 802(26)
Appendix D Using the Graphing Calculator 828(11)
Appendix E Graphing Calculator Problems and Solutions 839(21)
Glossary 860(11)
Index 871(10)
Credits 881

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