ISBN-10:
0131750615
ISBN-13:
2900131750615
Pub. Date:
12/13/2007
Publisher:
Pearson
Adolescence / Edition 1

Adolescence / Edition 1

by Robert S. Feldman

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Overview

Adolescence / Edition 1

This book captures the physical, cognitive, social, and personal development of individuals from childhood through adulthood while continuously placing theory and research in the context of how they can be applied to readers' lives.

Designed to capture the physical, cognitive, social, and personality development as individuals move from childhood into adulthood, Adolescence 1e provides an accurate, broad, and comprehensive introduction to the field of adolescent development. More importantly, however, it places these theories and research findings in the context of how they can be applied to readers’ lives. The book is intended to excite readers about the field of adolescence, draw them into its way of looking at the world, and to shape their understanding of the significant developmental issues that characterize this period. By presenting the useful, practical information that will help readers make life decisions about relationships, education, and careers—the very stuff of adolescence—the book is intended to keep enthusiasm about the discipline alive long after students’ formal introduction to the field has ended.

To order MyDevelopmentKit along with Feldman, Adolescence, 1e, please use package ISBN: 9780205801497.

0205801498 / 9780205801497 ADOLESCENCE & MYVIRTUALTEEN SAC

Package consists of:

0131750615 / 9780131750616

0205800831 / 9780205800834 MyVirtualTeen Student Access Code Card

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900131750615
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 12/13/2007
Series: MyDevelopmentKit Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 560
Product dimensions: 9.00(w) x 10.70(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Robert S. Feldman is Professor of Psychology and Associate Dean of the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Feldman, who is winner of the College Distinguished Teacher award, has also taught courses at Mount Holyoke College, Wesleyan University, and Virginia Commonwealth University.

Feldman initiated the Minority Mentoring Program at University of Massachusetts and teaches classes ranging in size from 10 to nearly 500 students. He also has served as a Hewlett Teaching Fellow and Senior Online Teaching Fellow, and he frequently gives talks on the use of technology in teaching. He initiated distance learning courses in psychology at the University of Massachusetts.

A Fellow of the American Psychological Association and the American Psychological Society, he received a B.A. with High Honors from Wesleyan University and an M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is a winner of a Fulbright Senior Research Scholar and Lecturer award, and has written more than 100 books, book chapters, and scientific articles. His books include Development of Nonverbal Behavior in Children, Child Development, Development Across the Life Span, Understanding Psychology, and P.O.W.E.R. Learning: Strategies for Success in College and Life, and they have been translated into a number of languages, including Spanish, French, Portuguese, Dutch, Chinese, and Japanese. His research interests include honesty and deception and the use of nonverbal behavior in impression management, and it has been supported by grants from the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Institute on Disabilities and Rehabilitation Research.

Feldman’s spare time is most often devoted to traveling, cooking, and earnest, if not entirely expert, piano playing. He has three children and one grandchild, and he lives with his wife Katherine, who is also a psychologist, overlooking the Holyoke mountain range in Amherst, Massachusetts.

Table of Contents

Brief Table of Contents

Part I. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction to Adolescence

Part II. Key Developmental Transitions

Chapter 2. Physical Development

Chapter 3. Cognitive Development

Chapter 4. Social Development: Adolescent Roles, Personality and Morality

Chapter 5. Self and Identity

Part III. Relationships

Chapter 6. Adolescents and Their Families

Chapter 7. Peers

Chapter 8. Intimacy

Chapter 9. Adolescent Sexuality

Part IV. Society

Chapter 10. Schooling, Education, and Society

Chapter 11. Work and Leisure

Chapter 12. Culture and Diversity

Part V. Challenges of Adolescence

Chapter 13. Adolescent Problems

Chapter 14. Stress, Coping, and Well-Being


Detailed Table of Contents

Chapter 1

Introduction to Adolescence

Prologue: Adolescent Quartet

Looking Ahead

Defining Adolescence: The Scope of the Field

Topical areas of adolescence

The link between age and topics

Adolescent Diversity How Culture, Ethnicity, and Race Influence Adolescent Development

Adolescents today

Review and Apply

The Study of Adolescence: Past, Present, and Future

The roots of the study of adolescence

Adolescent science emerges in the 20th century

The scientific method and the study of adolescence

Measuring change during adolescence

Today’s perspectives on adolescence

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Evaluating the Truths—and Myths—of Adolescence

Review and Apply

Key Questions: Major Themes of the Study of Adolescence

What are the key transitions and tasks of adolescence?

Transitions From Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood

What are the effects of cohort membership on adolescents?

How does developmental change occur during adolescence?

What is the relative influence of nature and nurture on development?

How can sound social policy be developed that can improve the lives of adolescents?

Career Choices Public Policy Specialist

The future of adolescence

Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue

Chapter 2

Physical Development

Prologue: The Cruelest Cut

Looking Ahead

Beginnings: The Start of Puberty

The endocrine system: Chemical couriers

The HPG feedback system

Hormones and emotions

Adrenarche and gonadarche: Prelude and start of puberty

The nervous system and brain development

Neurons: The building blocks of the nervous system and brain

Transitions: The Immature Brain Argument: Too Young for the Death Penalty?

Brain lateralization

Adolescent Diversity Are gender and culture related to the brain’s structure?

Culture and brain lateralization

Implications of adolescent brain development

Review and Apply

The Body Changes: The Physical Transformations of Puberty

Growth during adolescence: The rapid pace of physical and sexual maturation

Coming of age: Sexual maturation

Sexual maturation in females

Sexual maturation in males

Body image: Reactions to the physical changes of puberty

The timing of puberty: The consequences of early and late maturation

Early maturation

Late maturation

Review and Apply

Health and Wellness

Nutrition and food: Fueling the growth of adolescence

Obesity

Exercise and sports

Career Choices: Physical Education Teacher

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science: Reducing Obesity

Anorexia nervosa and bulimia

Tired teens: The struggle to get enough sleep

Improving adolescent health

School-based health centers

Socioeconomic factors and adolescent health care

Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue

Chapter 3

Cognitive Development

Prologue: Satellite Vision

Looking Ahead

Intellectual Development

Piagetian approaches to cognitive development

Using formal operations to solve problems

Why are there inconsistencies in the use of formal operations?

The consequences of adolescents’ use of formal operations

Evaluating Piaget’s approach

Information-processing perspectives: Gradual transformations in abilities

Encoding, storage, and retrieval: The foundations of information processing

Automatization

Improvements in information-processing during adolescence

Information-Processing Theories in Perspective

Vygotsky’s view of cognitive development: Taking culture into account

The zone of proximal development and scaffolding: Foundations of cognitive development

Vygotsky and educational practices

Adolescent Diversity How Culture Influences How We Learn

Evaluating Vygotsky’s contributions

Review and Apply

Intelligence: Determining Individual Strengths

Intelligence benchmarks: Differentiating the intelligent from the unintelligent

Binet’s test

Measuring IQ: Present-day approaches to intelligence

What IQ tests don’t tell: Alternative conceptions of intelligence

Sternberg’s triarchic theory of intelligence

Practical and emotional intelligence

Transitions Too Smart to Get the Job You Want?

Group differences in IQ

Explaining racial differences in IQ

The Bell Curve controversy

Achievement and aptitude tests

Career Choices

Review and Apply

Social Cognition: Thinking in a Social Context

Egocentrism in thinking: Adolescents’ self-absorption

Risk-taking

Creativity: Novel thought

Decision-making during adolescence

Thinking critically

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science: Techniques for Effective Problem Solving

Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue

Chapter 4

Social Development: Adolescent Roles, Personality, and Morality

Prologue: Help is on the Way

Looking Ahead

The Social Transitions of Adolescence

The social construction of adolescence: Inventing a phase of life

Views of adolescence

Adolescent Diversity The rituals of adolescence: Celebrating the social redefinition of children

Contemporary rites of passage

The social roles of adolescence

Key roles

Review and Apply

Personality Development

Psychodynamic approaches to personality

Evaluating psychoanalytic explanations of personality

Trait approaches to personality

The Big Five personality traits: Mapping personality

The stability of personality in adolescence and beyond

Temperament: Stability in arousal and emotionality

Personality and the interaction of genetics and the environment

Adolescent personality in perspective

Review and Apply

Moral development in adolescence: Treating others fairly

Piaget’s approach to moral development

Evaluating Piaget’s approach to moral development

Moral reasoning: Kohlberg’s approach

Gilligan’s account of moral development in girls

Career Choices

Social learning perspectives on morality: Focusing on behavior

Moral behavior and moral reasoning: Why the disconnect?

Prosocial reasoning and prosocial behavior: The other side of the coin

Empathy and moral behavior

Gender and cultural differences in prosocial behavior

Volunteerism: Sustained helping

Transitions Mandatory Volunteerism: A Contradiction in Terms?

Honesty and lies in everyday life: Is the truth dead?

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science: Increasing Prosocial Behavior

Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue

Chapter 5

Self and Identity

Prologue

Looking Ahead

Identity: Asking “Who Am I?”

Self-concept: What am I like?

Social comparison: Making judgments of oneself

Identity formation: Change or crisis?

Marcia’s approach to identity development: Updating Erikson

Identity, race, and ethnicity

The self in a cultural context: Squeaky wheel or pounded nail?

Self-Esteem: Evaluating the Self

Self-esteem: Rating the self

The consequences of self-esteem

Transitions The Downside of High Self-Esteem

Changes in self-esteem during adolescence

Contingent self-worth: The costs of the pursuit of self-esteem

Strategies for raising self-esteem: Where feeling good is not the goal

Career Choices Recreational Program Worker

The benefits of illusions: Is it better to be wrong than right?

Emotional Development

The nature and functions of emotions

The instability of emotions in adolescence

Emotional self-regulation

Adolescent Diversity Cultural differences in displays of emotion

Developing emotional competence

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Promoting Emotional Competence

Looking Back

Epilogue

Chapter 6

Adolescents and Their Families

Prologue

Looking Ahead

Conflict, Autonomy, and Attachment: Negotiating Family Life

The generation gap: Myth or reality?

The nature of conflict

The quest for autonomy: The reasons behind conflict

Attachment: Maintaining connectedness

Autonomy and attachment: Finding the balance

Review and Apply

Parenting: Raising Adolescents in the 21st Century

Parenting styles

Reciprocal socialization: The two-way street of parent–adolescent influence

Cultural differences in child-rearing practices

Adolescent Diversity Transcultural Adoptions

Parental development: Middle adulthood meets adolescence

Who parents?: The differing roles of mothers and fathers

Review and Apply

Adolescents and the Diversity of Their Families

Single-parent families

Divorce

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Coping with Divorce

Multigenerational families

Blended families: Living with stepparents and stepsiblings

Families with gay and lesbian parents

Race, ethnicity, and family life

Transitions Through Adolescence Adolescents as Culture Brokers for their Families

Siblings: Adolescents and their brothers and sisters

Group and foster care: When families fail

Career Choices Social Worker

Poverty: The toll of being raised poor

The bottom line: Families matter

Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue

Chapter 7

Peers

Prologue: Web of Friends

Looking Ahead

Connections with Peers

Developmental changes in peer relationships

Peers, age segregation, and age grading

The sex cleavage: Gender and peers

Adolescent Diversity Race Segregation: The Great Divide of Adolescence

Do peers matter? The influence of peers on development

Transitions How Adolescents Influence Their Friends to Be Helpful

Review and Apply

Peer Groups

The characteristics of adolescent peer groups

Adolescent cliques: Belonging to a group

Crowds

Formal groups and organizations

Career Choices Community Group Director

Online social networks: Cyberspace peers

Review and Apply

Popularity

The roots of popularity

The downside of popularity

Unpopularity and rejection

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Developing Your Social Skills

Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue

Chapter 8

Intimacy

Prologue

Looking Ahead

Intimacy and Adolescents

Sullivan’s theory of interpersonal development

Erikson’s approach to intimacy

Reconciling Erikson’s and Sullivan’s views

Review and Apply

Friends

Adolescents’ understanding of friendship: What’s a friend?

The role of friendship in adolescents’ lives

The benefits (and risks) of friendship

Self-disclosure and adolescent friendships

Becoming friends: The qualities that lead to friendship

Conflict and friendships

Loneliness: Alone in a social world

Review and Apply

Romance and Dating

The functions of dating

Adolescent Diversity Relationship intimacy in African American adolescents

Developmental patterns in dating

Dating in sexual minority youth

Love: It’s different from liking

Transitions Fall in Love: How Do Adolescent Relationships Blossom?

The end of romance: Breaking up is hard to do

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Coping With a Breakup

Career Choices Family Counselor

Long-term development and intimacy

Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue

Chapter 9

Adolescent Sexuality

Prologue

Looking Ahead

Becoming Sexual

The biology of sex

Masturbation

Sex with a partner

Sexual orientation: Heterosexuality, homosexuality, and bisexuality

Adolescent Diversity Disclosing Same-Sex Attraction to Parents

Sexually active adolescents: Who is having sex, and why?

Contraceptive use

Review and Apply

Adolescent Pregnancy

Who gets pregnant?

Explaining the decline in adolescent pregnancy

Transitions Safer Choices: Helping Adolescents to Avoid Unwanted Pregnancy

Consequences of teenage pregnancy

Abortion

Adoption

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science How Adolescents Can Prevent Unwanted Pregnancy

Review and Apply

Sexual Issues and Difficulties

Sexual disorders

Sexually transmitted infection (STI): A risk of sexual activity

Career Choices Sandra Caron, Sex Educator

Sexual harassment

Rape

Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue


Chapter 10

Schooling, Education, and Society

Prologue: Middle School Days

Looking Ahead

The Impact of Schools on Adolescents: The Structure of Education

The transition from elementary school

The middle school movement

Research on the success of middle schools: A mixed picture

Adolescent Diversity Multicultural Education

Bilingual education

Home schooling: An alternative to traditional schools

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Smoothing Adolescents’ Transition to Middle School

Review and Apply

School Performance

Socioeconomic status and school performance: Individual differences in achievement

Ethnic and racial differences in school achievement

The special problems of boys

Transitions Achievement Testing: Will No Child Be Left Behind?

Expectation effects: How teachers’ expectancies influence their students

Dropping out of school

Educating adolescents with special needs

Career Choices Special Education Teacher

Review and Apply

Beyond High School: The Pursuit of Higher Education

Who goes to college?

Gender in the classroom

Overcoming gender and racial barriers to achievement

Review and Apply

Looking Back

Key Terms and Concepts

Epilogue

Chapter 11

Work and Leisure

Prologue

Looking Ahead

Time and Leisure

Spending time

Shifting attention: This is your brain on multitasking

Cross-cultural differences in time use

Media and technology use by adolescents

Transitions Playing Video Games: Does Virtual Aggression Lead to Actual Aggression?

Review and Apply

Work: Students on the Job

Work and education: The historical background

The pros and cons of work

Adolescent Diversity Cross-Cultural Adolescent Work Practices

Job training for adolescents entering the workforce

The elusive link between work and character

Review and Apply

Picking an Occupation: Choosing Life’s Work

Perspectives on career development

Career Choices Career Counselor

Career choices and socioeconomic status, gender, and race and ethnicity

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Choosing a Career

Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue

Chapter 12

Culture and Diversity

Prologue

Looking Ahead

Culture and Adolescence

Adolescent culture

Acculturation: When cultures collide

Developing an ethnic identity

Transitions When a School Transition Fosters Ethnic Identity Development

Review and Apply

The Diversity of Adolescence

Immigration: Building diversity

Racial and ethnic minority adolescents: Who are they?

Poor adolescents: The impact of socioeconomic status and poverty on adolescents

Review and Apply

Prejudice and Discrimination

Prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination: The foundations of hate

The roots of prejudice

Sexism: Prejudice and gender

Adolescent Diversity Sexual Minority Adolescents and Sexual Prejudice

Racism: Hatred in color

Career Choices Diversity Counselor

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Taking a Stand Against Prejudice

Review and Apply

Looking Back

Key Terms and Concepts

Epilogue

Chapter 13

Adolescent Problems

Prologue

Looking Ahead

Categorizing Adolescent Difficulties

Distinguishing problems from experimentation

The origin of problems

Review and Apply

Externalizing Difficulties

Juvenile delinquency

School violence

Substance use and abuse in adolescence

Career Choices Substance Abuse Counselor

Runaways and throwaways: Leaving home

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Quitting Smoking Before It Becomes a Lifelong Habit

Review and Apply

Internalizing Problems in Adolescence

Adolescent depression

Adolescent suicide

Transitions Preventing Adolescent Suicide: Dealing with the Crisis in Campus Mental Health

Adolescent abuse: Physical, sexual, and psychological

Adolescent Diversity Are Gay and Lesbian Adolescents at Greater Risk of Committing Suicide?

A final word

Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue

Chapter 14

Stress, Coping, and Well-Being

Prologue

Looking Ahead

Stress

Stress: Reactions to threat and challenge

Stressors: What’s pleasure for you is stress for me

Circumstances that produce the greatest stress

Transitions Does the Stress of Being Bullied in High School Continue into College?

The high costs of stress

Review and Apply

Coping with Stress

Problem-focused and emotion-focused coping

Social support: Leaning on others

Defensive coping

Opening up: Confronting one’s demons

Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Reaping the Benefits of Expressive Writing

Hardiness

Resilience

Cognitive approaches to coping: Thinking stress away

Helping adolescents deal with stress: Effective coping strategies

Career Choices Stress Reduction Therapist

The benefits of stress

Review and Apply

Well-Being and Happiness

Making adolescents happy: The characteristics of happiness

The course of happiness

The components of happiness: Fulfillment of psychological needs

Adolescent Diversity Cultural differences in well-being

Review and Apply

Looking Back

Epilogue

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