Advanced Exercise Endocrinology

Advanced Exercise Endocrinology

by Katarina T. Borer

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Overview

Advanced Exercise Endocrinology presents a comprehensive examination of the relationship between physical activity and hormone function. As the newest addition to Human Kinetics’ Advanced Exercise Physiology Series, this resource offers the most up-to-date information on the quickly advancing field of exercise endocrinology. Written by leading exercise endocrinologist Katarina Borer, Advanced Exercise Endocrinology is an essential reference for exercise physiologists, physiotherapists, and other health professionals researching the connections between exercise, hormone function, and health.

Advanced Exercise Endocrinology explains how the human body responds to exercise in order to support the increased energy demand. Readers will explore topics including body fluid balance during exercise and at rest, endocrine and autonomic control of cardiorespiratory function, hormonal control of energy expenditure, and the role of reproductive hormones in exercise. The text offers an integrative perspective and includes the following unique features:

• An emphasis on the effects of hormones during exercise in the context of biological functions or physiological events to help readers appreciate the complexity of hormonal response from a functional, whole-body perspective

• A discussion of hormone actions in exercise with an emphasis on the mechanisms of action, which is key to developing an advanced understanding of metabolism and somatic and physiological adaptations to training

• A chapter that brings together research on nonhormonal signaling in exercise, a topic not often presented in a comprehensive manner

• An introduction to the principles of hormone measurements, which will be especially helpful to students considering a future in research

Combining foundational concepts and research, this text offers engaging and accessible coverage of this advanced field of study. Chapter summaries help readers focus on the most significant issues presented for each topic, and extensive illustrations, figures, and graphs provide visual reinforcement of key concepts and important research findings. Special sidebars highlight analyses of interesting research findings and practical applications. In examining current research, readers will be able to identify emerging topics and possible directions for future exploration.

While the connection between exercise, hormones, and health is well acknowledged, the field had yet to be fully explored. Advanced Exercise Endocrinology will help students and professionals from many health fields better understand how interactions between physical activity and hormone action work to maintain health, improve exercise performance, and prevent metabolic disabilities.

Human Kinetics’ Advanced Exercise Physiology Series offers books for advanced undergraduate and graduate students as well as professionals in exercise science and kinesiology. These books highlight the complex interaction of various systems both at rest and during exercise. Each text in this series offers a clear and concise explanation of the system and details how each is affected by acute exercise and chronic exercise training. Advanced Exercise Endocrinology is the fourth volume in the series.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781492581314
Publisher: Human Kinetics, Inc.
Publication date: 04/22/2013
Series: Advanced Exercise Physiology
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 272
Sales rank: 910,222
File size: 7 MB
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Katarina T. Borer, PhD, is a professor in the School of Kinesiology at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, where she has spent over 35 years teaching and researching the hormonal control of metabolism, particularily in response to exercise. She has spent 40 years researching endocrine mechanisms operating in acceleration of growth by exercise and regulation of energy balance. Borer also developed and validated radioimmunoassay for hamster growth hormone and prolactin.

She is a member of the American College of Sports Medicine, Endocrine Society, American Diabetes Association, American Physiological Society, and Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior. In 1991, Borer received a Fulbright scholarship to the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, where she studied the expression of IGF-I mRNA in exercising hamsters. She has been a visiting professor on the kinesiology faculty at the University of Zagreb in Croatia since 2002. Borer was also awarded the title of Meritorious Professor in 2010 from the University of Zagreb.

Borer and her husband, Paul Wenger, reside in Ann Arbor. Borer enjoys spending time with her grandchildren, painting, studying art, listening to opera and classical music, and devoting time to her environmental interests, especially the recycling of resources.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Unique Properties of Endocrine and Autonomic Messengers

Functions of the Endocrine and the Autonomic Nervous Systems

Classification of Hormones

Chemical Structure of Hormones

Hormone Release and Transport

Hormone Receptors and Hormone-Receptor Message Transduction

Properties of Hormone-Receptor Interactions

Summary

Chapter 2. Activation of Non-Hormonal Signaling During Exercise

Signal Transduction by Neuronal and Electrostatic Events in Exercise

Intracellular Calcium Release as a Trigger of Signal Transduction

Signal Transduction of Mechanical Strain, Vibration, and Fluid Shear

Signaling in Response to Sensing of Energy Need

Free Radicals as Initiators of Message Transduction

Summary

Chapter 3. Autonomic and Hormonal Control of the Cardiorespiratory System

Afferent Signals to the ANS

Functional Significance of Dual Autonomic Innervation of Cardiorespiratory Organs

Control of Cardiorespiratory Function by ANS and Hormones

Summary

Chapter 4. Body Fluid Balance

Increases in Body Heat Load During Exercise

Thermoregulatory Changes of Body Water During Exercise

Consequences of Fluid Loss Through Sweating

Cessation of Renal Reabsorptive Function During Exercise

Thirst and Sodium Hunger After Exercise

Hyperhydration and Hyponatremia

Strategies for Fluid Management in Exercise

Summary

Chapter 5. Hormones and the Fuel Use in Exercise

Hormonal Mediation of Energy Balance

Hormones in Fuel Mobilization and Utilization During Aerobic Exercise

Hormones in Fuel Mobilization and Utilization During Anaerobic or Resistance Exercise

Summary

Chapter 6. Hormonal Control of Energy Expenditure and Intake

Effect of Exercise on Appetite

Effect of Energy Cost of Exercise on Putative Appetite Suppressing Hormones

Nonhomeostatic Character of Spontaneous Physical Activity or Locomotion

Leptin and Insulin Regulate Energy Balance by Acting on Brain Substrates of Reward

New Concept of Energy Regulation Can Facilitate Use of Exercise for Weight Loss

Summary

Chapter 7. Exercise and Reproductive Hormones

Development of Phenotypic Sexual Dimorphism

Effects of Exercise on Sex Hormone Secretion

Effects of Sex Hormones on Physical Performance

Summary

Chapter 8. Hormonal Mediation in Training Adaptations

Systemic Hormones in Adaptations to Endurance Training

Role of Systemic Anabolic Hormones in Adaptations to Resistance Training

Nutritional Modulation of Hormonal Adaptations to Exercise Training

Summary

Chapter 9. Exercise and Endocrine Rhythms

Basics of Biological Rhythm Physiology and Terminology

Synchronization of Circadian Rhythms by the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus

Control of Biological Rhythms by Food-Entrainable Oscillator

Control of Ultradian Rhythms

Control of Biological Rhythms by Exercise

Summary

Chapter 10. Measuring Hormones

Measuring Hormone Concentration

Measuring Biological Actions of Hormones

Measuring Hormone Synthesis and Site of Production

Measuring the Rate of Hormone Secretion

Summary

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

“Authored by a well-respected scientist and including the most up-to-date, peer-reviewed evidence, this book is a must have for researchers or academics as a current reference on the many concepts related to exercise and endocrinology as well as advances in the field.”

Doody’s Book Review (5-star review)

Interviews

Reference for exercise physiologists and physiotherapists; text for graduate-level exercise physiology courses and physiotherapy courses.

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