Advanced PID Control

Advanced PID Control

by Karl J. Astrom, Tore Hagglund

Paperback

$112.00
Choose Expedited Shipping at checkout for guaranteed delivery by Tuesday, December 18

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781556179426
Publisher: ISA
Publication date: 08/08/2005
Pages: 461
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Feedback 2

1.3 Simple Forms of Feedback 3

1.4 How the PID Controller Developed 5

1.5 Technology Changes and Knowledge Transfer 7

1.6 Outline of the Contents of the Book 8

1.7 Summary 10

1.8 Notes and References 10

2 Process Models 12

2.1 Introduction 12

2.2 Static Models 13

2.3 Dynamic Models 14

2.4 Feature-Based Models 23

2.5 Typical Process Models 28

2.6 Models for Disturbances 44

2.7 How to Obtain the Models 47

2.8 Model Reduction 56

2.9 Summary 61

2.10 Notes and References 62

3 PID Control 64

3.1 Introduction 64

3.2 The PID Controller 64

3.3 Filtering the Derivative 73

3.4 Set-Point Weighting 74

3.5 Integrator Windup 76

3.6 When Can PID Control Be Used? 87

3.7 Summary 92

3.8 Notes and References 93

4 Controller Design 95

4.1 Introduction 95

4.2 A Rich Variety of Control Problems 96

4.3 Feedback Fundamentals 96

4.4 Stability 102

4.5 Closed-Loop Poles and Zeros 109

4.6 The Sensitivity Functions 111

4.7 Robustness to Process Variations 118

4.8 Quantifying the Requirements 122

4.9 Classical Specifications 128

4.10 Summary 136

4.11 Notes and References 137

5 Feedforward Design 139

5.1 Introduction 139

5.2 Improved Set-Point Response 139

5.3 Set-Point Weighting 145

5.4 Neutral Feedforward 146

5.5 Fast Set-Point Response 150

5.6 Disturbance Attenuation 154

5.7 Summary 156

5.8 Notes and References 157

6 PID Design 158

6.1 Introduction 158

6.2 Ziegler-Nichols and Related Methods 159

6.3 Rule-Based Empirical Tuning 169

6.4 Pole Placement 174

6.5 Lambda Tuning 186

6.6 Algebraic Design 189

6.7 Optimization Methods 196

6.8 Robust Loop Shaping206

6.9 Summary 221

6.10 Notes and References 222

7 A Ziegler-Nichols Replacement 225

7.1 Introduction 225

7.2 The Test Batch 226

7.3 PI Control 228

7.4 PID Control 230

7.5 Frequency Response Methods 238

7.6 PID Control Based on Second-Order Model 242

7.7 Comparison of the Methods 247

7.8 Measurement Noise and Filtering 251

7.9 Detuning 253

7.10 Summary 262

7.11 Notes and References 265

8 Predictive Control 266

8.1 Introduction 266

8.2 The Smith Predictor 267

8.3 Analysis of Smith Predictor Control 271

8.4 The PPI Controller 279

8.5 Predictors for Integrating Processes 283

8.6 Model Predictive Control 285

8.7 Summary 291

8.8 Notes and References 292

9 Automatic Tuning and Adaptation 293

9.1 Introduction 293

9.2 Process Knowledge 294

9.3 Adaptive Techniques 295

9.4 Model-Based Methods 298

9.5 Rule-Based Methods 302

9.6 Supervision of Adaptive Controllers 304

9.7 Iterative Feedback Tuning 313

9.8 Commercial Products 316

9.9 Summary 327

9.10 Notes and References 327

10 Loop and Performance Assessment 329

10.1 Introduction 329

10.2 Valves 329

10.3 Loop Assessment 334

10.4 Performance Assessment 336

10.5 Integrated Tuning and Diagnosis 344

10.6 Summary 345

10.7 Notes and References 346

11 Interaction 347

11.1 Introduction 347

11.2 Interaction of Simple Loops 347

11.3 Decoupling 354

11.4 Parallel Systems 360

11.5 Summary 364

11.6 Notes and References 365

12 Control Paradigms 366

12.1 Introduction 366

12.2 Bottom-Up and Top-Down Approaches 367

12.3 Repetitive Control 368

12.4 Cascade Control 373

12.5 Mid-Range and Split-Range Control 378

12.6 Nonlinear Elements 381

12.7 Neural Network Control 389

12.8 Fuzzy Control 392

12.9 System Structuring 398

12.10 Summary 404

12.11 Notes and References 406

13 Implementation 407

13.1 Introduction 407

13.2 Analog Implementations 408

13.3 Computer Implementations 412

13.4 Velocity Algorithms 420

13.5 Operational Aspects 423

13.6 Controller Outputs 427

13.7 Summary 431

13.8 Notes and References 432

Bibliography 433

Index 456

Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See All Customer Reviews