Proceedings of the 240 Conference: Science's Great Challenges

Proceedings of the 240 Conference: Science's Great Challenges

by Aaron R. Dinner, Stuart A. Rice

NOOK BookVolume 157 (eBook - Volume 157)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781118959619
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 11/06/2014
Series: Advances in Chemical Physics
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 368
File size: 9 MB

About the Author

AARON R. DINNER received his bachelor’s degree and doctorate from Harvard University, after which he conducted postdoctoral research at the University of Oxford and the University of California, Berkeley. He joined the faculty at The University of Chicago in 2003.

STUART A. RICE received his master’s degree and doctorate from Harvard University and was a junior fellow at Harvard for two years before joining the faculty of The University of Chicago in 1957, where he is currently the Frank P. Hixon Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus.

Read an Excerpt

INTRODUCTION

Few of us can any longer keep up with the flood of scientific literature, even in specialized subfields. Any attempt to do more and be broadly educated with respect to a large domain of science has the appearance of tilting at windmills. Yet the synthesis of ideas drawn from different subjects into new, powerful, general concepts is as valuable as ever, and the desire to remain educated persists in all scientists. This series, Advances in Chemical Physics, is devoted to helping the reader obtain general information about a wide variety of topics in chemical physics, a field that we interpret very broadly. Our intent is to have experts present comprenhensive analyses of subjects of interest and to encourage the expression of individual points of view. We hope that this approach to the presentation of an overview of a subject will both stimulate new research and serve as a personalized learning text for beginners in a field.

I. PRIGOGINE

STUART A. RICE

Table of Contents

Part I The Emergence and Breakdown of Complexity

Features of Complexity 3
by Ronnie Kosloff

Exploring Quantum-Classical Boundary 19
by Kenji Ohmori

Transition from Atoms to Clusters to Condensed Matter 25
by Julius Jellinek

Free Energies of Staging a Scenario and Perpetual Motion Machines of the Third Kind 43
by Peter Salamon, Bjarne Andresen, Karl Heinz Hoffmann, James D. Nulton, Anca M. Segall, and Forest L. Rohwer

Finite-Time Thermodynamics Tools to Analyze Dissipative Processes 57
by Karl Heinz Hoffmann, Bjarne Andresen, and Peter Salamon

New Types of Complexity in Chemical Kinetics: Intersections, Coincidences, and Special Symmetrical Relationships 69
by G. S. Yablonsky, D. Constales, and G. B. Marin

Opportunities in the Area of Noise in Biological Reaction Networks 75
by Aaron R. Dinner

Thermodynamic Approach to Chemical Networks 85
by G. Nicolis and C. Nicolis

On the Emergence of Simple Structures in Complex Phenomena: Concepts and Some Numerical Examples 97
by Martin Quack

The Emergence of Simplicity from Complexity 119
by John D. Weeks and John C. Tully

Part II Dynamics at Extremes

On the Way to a Theory of Solid State Synthesis: Issues and Open Questions 125
by J. Christian Schon

Beyond Molecular Conduction: Optical and Thermal Effects in Molecular Junctions 135
by Abraham Nitzan

Thermal Conductance at the Interface Between Molecules 159
by David M. Leitner

Laser Energy Deposition in Nanodroplets and Nuclear Fusion Driven by Coulomb Explosion 165
by Andreas Heidenreich

Understanding Ultraintense x-ray Interactions with Matter 183
by Linda Young

Time-Dependent Computational Methods for Matter Under Extreme Conditions 195
by Barry I. Schneider, Klaus R. Bartschat, Xiaoxu Guan, David Feder, and Lee A. Collins

Elementary Excitations in Ultracold Finite Systems 215
by John Weiner

Part III Grand Questions

On Biomolecular Homochirality as a Quasi-Fossil of the Evolution of Life 249
by Martin Quack

Origins of Life 293
by Sydney Leach

Author Index 315

Subject Index 343

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

"This book focuses on an interdisciplinary approach to pharmaceutical problems and does it well." (Journal of the American Chemical Society, March 25, 2009)

Introduction

INTRODUCTION

Few of us can any longer keep up with the flood of scientific literature, even in specialized subfields. Any attempt to do more and be broadly educated with respect to a large domain of science has the appearance of tilting at windmills. Yet the synthesis of ideas drawn from different subjects into new, powerful, general concepts is as valuable as ever, and the desire to remain educated persists in all scientists. This series, Advances in Chemical Physics, is devoted to helping the reader obtain general information about a wide variety of topics in chemical physics, a field that we interpret very broadly. Our intent is to have experts present comprehensive analyses of subjects of interest and to encourage the expression of individual points of view. We hope that this approach to the presentation of an overview of a subject will both stimulate new research and serve as a personalized learning text for beginners in a field.

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