Advances in Multi-Photon Processes and Spectroscopy, Volume 18

Advances in Multi-Photon Processes and Spectroscopy, Volume 18


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Advances in Multi-Photon Processes and Spectroscopy, Volume 18 by Sheng-hsien Lin

This book presents the latest developments and issues in both experimental and theoretical studies of multi-photon processes and the spectroscopy of atoms, ions and molecules in physics, chemistry, biology and material science. It contains review papers suitable for both active researchers and non-experts who wish to enter the field.Special attention is paid to the recent progress of non-linear photon-matter interactions in atoms, molecules and interfaces: XUV/soft X-ray, high-order harmonic generation in attosecond regime, high-order harmonic generation, sum frequency generation, four-wave mixing spectroscopy and molecular orientation with combined electrostatic and intense, non-resonant laser fields.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789812791733
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company, Incorporated
Publication date: 06/09/2008
Series: Advances In Multi-photon Processes And Spectroscopy Series
Pages: 304
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Preface     v
Nonlinear Optics for Characterizing XUV/Soft X-ray High-order Harmonic Fields in Attosecond Regime   Yasuo Nabekawa   Katsumi Midorikawa     1
Introduction     1
Nonlinear phenomena in XUV/soft X-ray region for ultrafast optics     1
Autocorrelation measurement     3
Generation of Intense Harmonic Fields     5
Single atom response     6
Propagation of the harmonic fields with pumping laser field: Phase matching     9
Development of intense high-order harmonic generator     13
Two-Photon Double Ionization     20
Measurement of Attosecond Pulse Train with Two-Photon ATI     30
Interferometric Autocorrelation of APT with Two-Photon Coulomb Explosion     45
Similarity of APT with mode-locked laser pulses     45
Why do we need interferometric autocorrelation?     48
Two-photon Coulomb explosion     49
Interferometric autocorrelation     52
Summary and Prospects     61
Acknowledgements     63
References     64
Signatures of Molecular Structure and Dynamics in High-Order Harmonic Generation   Manfred Lein   Ciprian C. Chirila     69
Introduction     69
Theory of High-Order Harmonic Generation     73
Basic theory     73
Three-step model     76
The strong-field approximation     79
Odd and even harmonics     84
Influence of Molecular Structure on HHG     86
Ionization step     86
Recombination step     89
Dynamical Effects     97
Conclusions     102
Acknowledgments     103
References     103
Molecular Manipulation Techniques and Their Applications   Hirofumi Sakai     107
Introduction     107
Theoretical Background     109
Molecular Orientation with Combined Electrostatic and Intense, Nonresonant Laser Fields     110
One-dimensional molecular orientation     110
Three-dimensional molecular orientation     114
Applications with a Sample of Aligned Molecules     118
Optimal control of multiphoton ionization processes in aligned I[subscript 2] molecules with time-dependent polarization pulses     118
High-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules     123
Summary and Outlook     129
Acknowledgments     130
References     130
Sum Frequency Generation: An Introduction with Recent Developments and Current Issues   Mary Jane Shultz     133
Introduction     133
Electric Fields and Orientation Factors     136
Fresnel factors and propagation direction     141
Orientation factors     144
Simplification of the orientation tensor     146
Observed intensity     147
Molecular examples     150
Recent Developments     151
Absolute orientation determination with a reference     151
Orthogonal resonances     154
Null angle     156
Visible angle null, VAN     158
Polarization angle null, PAN     161
Connection with previous work     164
Example     165
Current Issues in Sum Frequency Generation     168
Interfacial optical constants and bulk contributions     168
Collective modes - a theoretical challenge     171
Probe depth     174
Nanoparticle SFG     176
Time resolution     177
Surface 2D imaging     178
Selected Results     180
Ions at aqueous surfaces: The case for surface H[subscript 3]O[superscript +]     180
Interactions at nanostructured interfaces      184
Summary     185
Acknowledgments     189
Appendix A     189
Tensor product     189
Null angle     195
References     195
Propagation and Intramolecular Coupling Effects in the Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy   Jose Luis Paz     201
Introduction     201
Four-Wave Mixing Spectroscopy     206
Study and characterization of FWM signal in the frequency space     206
Effects of solute concentration, field intensity, and spectral inhomogeneous broadening on FWM     215
Propagation effects     215
Topological studies for the FWM signal surfaces     218
Spectra in the frequency space     223
Approximation levels for the study of the propagation in FWM     226
Intramolecular Coupling     229
Molecular models     229
Theoretical characteristics of the model     231
Signal response     233
Results and discussion     236
Final Remarks     241
Acknowledgments     242
References     242
Control of Molecular Chirality by Lasers   Kunihito Hoki   Yuichi Fujimura      245
Introduction     245
Fundamental Issues in Laser Control of Molecular Chirality     247
Laser control of an ensemble of racemic mixtures     247
Photon polarizations of lasers     248
Density matrix treatment of a racemic mixture     253
Control Scenarios     257
Pump-dump control via an electronic excited state     258
Control of molecular chirality in a randomly oriented racemic mixture using three polarization components of electric fields     266
Stimulated Raman adiabatic passage method     275
Sequential pump-dump control of chirality transformation competing with photodissociation in an electronic excited state     280
Conclusions     287
Acknowledgments     288
References     288

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