Adverse Impact: Implications for Organizational Staffing and High Stakes Selection

Adverse Impact: Implications for Organizational Staffing and High Stakes Selection

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Taylor & Francis
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Adverse Impact: Implications for Organizational Staffing and High Stakes Selection

This text is the best single repository for a comprehensive examination of the scientific research and practical issues associated with adverse impact. Adverse impact occurs when there is a significant difference in organizational outcomes to the disadvantage of one or more groups defined on the basis of demographic characteristics such as race, ethnicity, gender, age, religion, etc.

This book shows, based on scientific research, how to design selection systems that minimize subgroup differences. The primary object of this volume in the SIOP series is to bring together renowned experts in this field to present their viewpoints and perspectives on what underlies adverse impact, where we are in terms of assessing it and what we may have learned (or not learned) about minimizing it.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780805863741
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 08/20/2009
Series: SIOP Organizational Frontiers Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 584
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.40(d)

Table of Contents

Series Foreword xv

Preface xvii

Contributors xxv

Section I Background

1 Adverse Impact: History and Evolution Sheldon Zedeck 3

2 An Analysis of Two Methods for Assessing and Indexing Adverse Impact: A Disconnect Between the Academic Literature and Some Practice Philip Bobko Philip L. Roth 29

Section II Theoretical Perspectives

3 A Theory of Adverse Impact James L. Outtz Daniel A. Newman 53

4 Revisiting g: Intelligence, Adverse Impact, and Personnel Selection Harold W. Goldstein Charles A. Scherbaum Kenneth P. Yusko 95

Section III Adverse Impact and Traditional Selection Theory

5 How a Broader Definition of the Criterion Domain Changes Our Thinking About Adverse Impact Kevin R. Murphy 137

6 What Are the Criteria for Adverse Impact? Keith Hattrup Brandon G. Roberts 161

Section IV Facets of the Adverse Impact Problem

7 Adverse Impact in Employee Selection Procedures From the Perspective of an Organizational Consultant Nancy T. Tippins 201

8 Performance Ratings: Then and Now Frank Landy 227

9 Perspectives on Adverse Impact in Work Performance: What We Know and What We Could Learn More About Patrick F. McKay 249

10 Validity, Utility, and Adverse Impact: Practical Implications From 30 Years of Data Wayne F. Cascio Rick Jacobs Jay Silva 271

11 Cut Scores and Adverse Impact Jerard F. Kehoe 289

12 Subgroup Differences on Cognitive Tests in Contexts Other Than Personnel Selection Paul R. Sackett Winny Shen 323

Section V Adverse Impact From an International Perspective

13 International Perspectives on Adverse Impact: Europe and Beyond Paul J. Hanges Emily G. Feinberg 349

14 Adverse Impact in South Africa Hennie Kriek Kim Dowdeswell 375

Section VI Methods of Reducing Adverse Impact

15 Balancing Adverse Impact, Selection Errors, and Employee Performance in the Presence of Test Bias Herman Aguinis Marlene A. Smith 403

16 Reductions in Measured Subgroup Mean Differences: What Is Possible? Neal Schmitt Abigail Quinn 425

17 Decision Aids for Addressing the Validity-Adverse Impact Trade-Off Paul R. Sackett Wilfried De Corte Filip Lievens 453

18 A Five-Year Journey With Coca-Cola Irwin L. Goldstein Kathleen K. Lundquist 473

19 Conclusions 503

Author Index 507

Subject Index 525

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