Aesthetics; Or, the Science of Beauty

Aesthetics; Or, the Science of Beauty

by John Bascom


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780344154263
Publisher: Franklin Classics Trade Press
Publication date: 10/24/2018
Pages: 268
Product dimensions: 6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.56(d)

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LECTURE IV. SECOND CONDITION OF BEAUTY, UNITY. —UNITY AND VARIETY EXPLAINED. —SUBLIMITY. —ABSOLUTE AND RELATIVE BEAUTY. Beauty is not a primary, direct quality of things. There are not certain things to the exclusion of others which have this as a property, as some fluids are corrosive and some volatile. This quality may be gained or-lost by an object with each change of arrangement in its parts. It is not inherent in the thing, but belongs to the aptness and power of the thing in its present form or present office. It is not a constituent of the matter making a rose, but arises from the transient relation and expression which that matter has assumed. Virtue is not a quality of all action nor of the same action in all circumstances, but only of actions which stand in a certain relation to the person performing them and the persons affected by them. In like manner, the lower virtue of beauty is taken up and lost with the expression in which it inheres. Expression we have therefore given as the first condition in the object of beauty, — as that in things and actions which gives rise as a cause to beauty, — which furnishes the true substance of which beauty is a quality. A second condition of beauty is unity, or, as expressed on both sides, unity and variety. This is not something in addition to the expression, but is the method of the expression,,— the form whichutterance assumes. Expression is found in the beautiful object, and found there under the form of unity. The object, that it may be beautiful, is conditioned to expression ; the expression is conditioned to unity. Unity is one of the most widely recognized criterions of beauty, and has sometimesbeen confounded with that to which it so often gives rise. But the unity of a thing is to the mind a wholly distinct an...

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