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Aesthetics: A Comprehensive Anthology / Edition 1

Aesthetics: A Comprehensive Anthology / Edition 1

by Steven M. CahnSteven M. Cahn
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The study of aesthetics is among the oldest areas of philosophical inquiry. Philosophers of all global traditions and historical eras have theorized about why we value art, the nature of beauty, and how we make aesthetic judgments and proclamations about works of art, artists, and artistic intent. Aesthetics: A Comprehensive Anthology offers a well-rounded and thorough introduction to Anglo-American analytic aesthetics and the philosophy of art, beginning with the foundations of aesthetic philosophy in ancient tradition and charting a course through to modern art criticism and aesthetic thought. This large collection of over 60 readings balances contemporary commentaries from a wide range of influential thinkers in analytic aesthetics with representative samples of classic primary texts from their historical predecessors, including Plato, Hume, Kant, Nietzsche, and others. Broad in scope, this anthology showcases recent scholarship on the value of art, excerpts from notable continental thinkers, and modern perspectives on feminist philosophy of art which contribute to an inclusive and balanced survey of the field. New to the second edition are contemporary essays which expand the volume's coverage to include the value of art, artistic worth and personal taste, questions of aesthetic experience, and contemporary debates on new theories of art. This edition also incorporates new and more standard translations of Kant's Critique of the Power of Judgment and Schopenhauer's The World as Will and Representation, as well as texts by Rousseau, Hegel, DuBois, Alain Locke, Budd, Robinson, Saito, Eaton and Levinson. Appropriate for both beginning and advanced students of philosophical aesthetics, this thoughtfully curated selection of essays initiates readers into the study of aesthetic thought.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2901405154351
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 10/05/2007
Series: Blackwell Philosophy Anthologies Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 704
Product dimensions: 6.80(w) x 9.70(h) x 1.30(d)

About the Author

STEVEN M. CAHN is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the City University of New York Graduate Center. He has authored or edited over 60 books. Most recently he wrote Philosophical Adventures, The Road Traveled and Other Essays, and Inside Academia: Professors, Politics, and Policies.

STEPHANIE ROSS is Professor Emerita of Philosophy at the University of Missouri-St. Louis. She is the author of What Gardens Mean and papers on a variety of topics in aesthetics. Her new book, Two Thumbs Up: How Critics Aid Appreciation is forthcoming.

SANDRA SHAPSHAY is Professor of Philosophy at Hunter College and the Graduate Center, CUNY (City University of New York). She is the author of Reconstructing Schopenhauer's Ethics: Hope, Compassion, and Animal Welfare and has published on 18th-19th century theories of the sublime and tragedy as well as contemporary environmental aesthetics.

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgements xi

Sources xiii

Part I Classic Sources

1 The Modern System of the Arts Paul Oskar Kristeller 3

2 The Ancient and Modern System of the Arts James O. Young 17

3 Ion Plato 31

4 The Republic Plato 39

5 Symposium Plato 49

6 Poetics Aristotle 57

7 Ennead I, vi Plotinus 73

8 De Musica St. Augustine 81

9 On the Reduction of the Arts to Theology St. Bonaventure 89

10 Characteristics of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times: Third Earl of Shaftesbury 95

11 An Inquiry into the Original of Our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue Francis Hutcheson 105

12 Of the Standard of Taste David Hume 121

13 Of Tragedy David Hume 131

14 A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful Edmund Burke 137

15 Laocoon Gotthold Lessing 147

16 Critique of the Power of Judgment Immanuel Kant 155

Part II Modern Theories

17 Introduction Christopher Janaway Sandra Shapshay 199

18 Letters on the Aesthetic Education of Man Friedrich Schiller 205

19 Letter to M. d'Alembert on the Theatre J.-J. Rousseau 209

20 Introductory Lectures on Aesthetics G.W.F. Hegel 217

21 The World as Will and Representation Arthur Schopenhauer 241

22 The Beautiful in Music Eduard Hanslick 281

23 The Birth of Tragedy Friedrich Nietzsche 287

24 What is Art? Leo Tolstoy 299

25 "Psychical Distance" as a Factor in Art and as an Aesthetic Principle Edward Bullough 313

26 Art Clive Bell 331

27 The Principles of Art R.G. Collingwood 341

28 Art as Experience John Dewey 357

29 The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction Walter Benjamin 379

30 The Origin of the Work of Art Martin Heidegger 397

31 Aesthetic Theory Theodor Adorno 411

32 Criteria of Negro Art W.E.B. Du Bois 423

33 Art or Propaganda? Alain Locke 429

Part III Contemporary Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art

34 Introduction Stephanie Ross 433

35 The Artworld Arthur Danto 439

36 What is Art? An Institutional Analysis George Dickie 449

37 "Art" as a Cluster Concept Berys Gaut 461

38 When is Art? Nelson Goodman 475

39 Art and Its Objects Richard Wollheim 483

40 Varieties of Art Stephen Davies 497

41 What a Musical Work Is Jerrold Levinson 513

42 Fictional Characters as Abstract Artifacts Amie L. Thomasson 529

43 Aesthetic Concepts Frank Sibley 535

44 Categories of Art Kendall L. Walton 551

45 The Myth of the Aesthetic Attitude George Dickie 569

46 What is Aesthetic Experience? Alan H. Goldman 581

47 Artistic Value Malcolm Budd 589

48 Beauty Restored Mary Mothersill 597

49 Artistic Worth and Personal Taste Jerrold Levinson 609

50 Style and Personality in the Literary Work Jenefer Robinson 619

51 Criticism and Interpretation Noel Carroll 631

52 The Postulated Author: Critical Monism as a Regulative Ideal Alexander Nehamas 641

53 Artistic Value and Opportunistic Moralism Eileen John 653

54 Emotions in the Music Peter Kivy 663

55 Music and Emotions Jenefer Robinson 673

56 Fearing Fictions Kendall L. Walton 691

57 Transparent Pictures: On the Nature of Photographic Realism Kendall L. Walton 705

58 The Power of Movies Noel Carroll 723

59 Oppressive Texts, Resisting Readers, and the Gendered Spectator: The "New" Aesthetics Mary Devereaux 737

60 Feminist Philosophy of Art A.W. Eaton 751

61 Appreciation and the Natural Environment Allen Carlson 767

62 Everyday Aesthetics Yuriko Saito 777

63 Aesthetic Value, Art, and Food Carolyn Korsmeyer 783

64 Art and Aesthetic Behaviors as Possible Expressions of our Biologically Evolved Human Nature Stephen Davies 791

Index 797

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