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Transport is an essential service that must contribute to national development objectives in health, education, agriculture and other sectors in guiding sub-Saharan Africa out of poverty. Developing policies aimed at providing safe, reliable and affordable transport infrastructure and services can and will make a substantial and sustainable contribution to eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, achieving universal primary education, improving health care and reducing HIV/AIDS. Although transport is identified as a priority in poverty reduction strategies, it has not generally been adequately addressed. Global responses tend to focus on rural transport infrastructure-principally roads-with little attention given to sub-sectors such as rivers, lakes, and railroads; and important geographical and econological differences are ignored. The needs of the urban poor have been weakly addressed, as have the access and mobility needs of women, the disabled and other disadvantaged groups, while strategies for adapting transport to agricultural production/distribution or social services (e.g. health and education) have not been adequately developed. A systematic approach to the development of sound, comprehensive transport sector programs that provide clear guidance on what is to be done is much needed.
This volume-the product of an expert workshop held at Cornell University's Institute for African Development in May, 2007-provides accounts of an array of African operational spaces in which transport is relevant to the Millennium Development Goals. It addresses many heretofore ignored dimesions of transport-mobility issues of the urban poor, of women and children, and issues of access to employment, education and health services. It provides an alignment of transport with the MDGs in what proves to be fertile ground for research with important messages for policy makers and consequences for policy.
About the Author
Margaret Grieco (University of Oxford, D.Phil. Sociology) is Professor of Transport and Society at Napier University and an Academic Associate at the Institute for African Development, Cornell University. Muna Ndulo is Professor of Law at and Director of the Institute for African Development, both at Cornell University. Deborah Fahy Bryceson is a Reader in the Geographical and Earth Sciences Department at Glasgow University. Talia M. McCray is Assistant Professor at the School of Architecture, Community and Regional Planning, University of Texas, Austin.
Table of Contents
List of Tables ix
List of Figures xi
1 Roadmapping Development and Poverty Alleviation: Transport and the Millennium Development Goals in Africa Deborah Fahy Bryceson 1
2 Financing Regional Infrastructure Projects In Africa: Issues And Options Robert M. Okello 25
3 Transportation Costs and Spatial Integration of Agricultural Commodity Markets in Africa Edward Mabaya 32
4 Exploring the Components of "Accessibility" from a Transport and Health Perspective in Rural South Africa Talia McCray 44
5 Transport and the MDGs: Perspectives from a Nairobi Slum Rachel Reichenbach 67
6 Progress and Challenges of Meeting the MDGs in Uganda: The Role of Transport Betty Babirye-Ddungu 78
7 Linking Transport to Employment: Pursuing the Millennium Development Goals Ronald W. McQuaid 89
8 The Significance of Local-Level Rural Infrastructure Provision In Poverty Alleviation: Evidence From The Horse's Mouth T.C. Mbara 100
9 Introduction of the Roadside Station as a Pro-poor Infrastructure: Its Potential Contribution to Attaining the MDGs in Africa Yoichi SAKURADA 114
10 Port Infrastructure and Development in Southern Africa Michael G.H. Bell 127
11 Sustainable Transport Technologies for Developing Environments: Towards Appropriate Investment Strategies John D. Nelson 151
12 Access vs. Accessibility: Transport, MDGs, Youth and Health Deladem Kusi-Appouh 160
13 Mobility, Maternal Mortality and Mainstreaming Gender: A Need for Action Jeff Turner 168
14 Children, (Im)mobility and Transport in sub-Saharan Africa: Implications for Meeting the MDGs Gina Porter 177
Notes on Contributors 197