Whether abolitionists or slave revolt leaders, civil rights activists or educators, newspaper publishers or club officers, African-American activists and social leaders have been at the forefront of the struggle for civil rights, racial equality, and social justice for more than 200 years. From the fight to end slavery to the push for a place in the world of business, the professions, universities, and the factory floor, African-American leaders have defined the key issues of their day and galvanized the energies of their community. Offering a wealth of useful information, this book profiles 160 social leaders and activists. Each enlightening biographical entry concentrates on the events in that person's life related to his or her accomplishments as a social leader or activist and includes a list of further readings on that person. An introduction, bibliography, subject indexes, general index, and 50 photographs support the text.