African Hosts and their Guests: Cultural Dynamics of Tourism

African Hosts and their Guests: Cultural Dynamics of Tourism


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African Hosts and their Guests: Cultural Dynamics of Tourism by Walter van Beek

Tourism is important for Africa: international tourist arrivals to Africa continue to grow, income from tourism is crucial to national economies, and tourism investments are considered among the most profitable. This edited volume deals with the interaction of local communities with tourists coming into their areas and villages. Based upon a common theoretical approach, fourteen cases of African tourism are discussed which involve direct contact between 'hosts' and 'guests'. The viewpoint throughout is from the side of the locals, establishing how the processes of interaction shape each small scale destination. Crucial in Africa is the fact that the large majority of tourism is game oriented and the interaction between locals and visitors is very much 'tainted' by this fact. Central is the notion of the tourist bubble - the infrastructure that is generated locally (and internationally) for hosting tourists, as it is this institutional interface that tends to impact on the local society and culture, not the tourists themselves directly. The examples come from all over Africa, from the Sahara to the Eastern Cape, and from Kenya to Ghana. All contributions are based upon original fieldwork. Walter van Beek is professor of anthropology at Tilburg University and Senior Researcher at the African Studies Centre, Leiden; Annette Schmidt is curator of the African department at the National Museum of Ethnology in Leiden, and is an archaeologist with a long experience in cultural management projects.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781847010490
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer, Limited
Publication date: 09/20/2012
Pages: 352
Product dimensions: 6.90(w) x 10.10(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Walter van Beek is Professor of Anthropology at Tilburg University and Senior Researcher at the African Studies Centre, Leiden; Annette Schmidt is Curator of the African Department at the National Museum of Ethnology in Leiden.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations vii

Foreword Valene Smith ix

1 African dynamics of cultural tourism Walter van Beek Annette Schmidt 1

Part I Culture, Identity & Tourism

2 To dance or not to dance: Dogon masks as a tourist arena Walter van Beek 37

3 Semiotics & the political economy of tourism in the Sahara Georg Klute 58

4 'How much for Kunta Kinte?!': Sites of memory & diasporan encounters in West Africa Kim Warren & Elizabeth MacGonagle 75

5 Imitating heritage tourism: A virtual tour of Sekhukhuneland, South Africa Ineke van Kessel 103

Part II At the Fringe of the Parks

6 Hosts & guests: Stereotypes & myths of international tourism in the Okavango Delta, Botswana Joseph Mbaiwa 117

7 Kom 'n bietjie kuier: Kalahari dreaming with the ≠ Khomani San Kate Finlay Shanade Barnabas 137

8 Treesleeper Camp: A case study of community tourism in Tsintsabis, Namibia Stasja Koot 153

9 'The lion has become a cow': The Maasai hunting paradox Vanessa Wijngaarden 176

10 The organization of hypocrisy? Juxtaposing tourists & farm dwellers in game farming in South Africa Shirley Brooks Marja Spierenburg Harry Wels 201

Part III Intensive Contact

11 Backpacking in Africa Ton van Egmond 225

12 'I'm not a tourist. I'm a volunteer': Tourism, development & international volunteerism in Ghana Eileadh Swan 239

13 Becoming 'real African kings & queens': Chieftaincy, culture & tourism in Ghana Marijke Steegstra 256

14 Sex trade & tourism in Kenya: Close encounters between the hosts & the hosted Wanjohi Kibicho 273

15 Host-guest encounters in a Gambian 'love' bubble Lucy McCombes 290

Afterword Trouble in the bubble: Comparing African tourism with the Andes trail Annelou Ypeij 316

Notes on Contributors 324

Index 331

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