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This volume makes available some of the most exciting research currently underway into Greek society after Liberation. Together, its essays map a new social history of Greece in the 1940s and 1950s, a period in which the country grappled--bloodily--with foreign occupation and intense civil conflict.
Extending innovative historical approaches to Greece, the contributors explore how war and civil war affected the family, the law, and the state. They examine how people led their lives, as communities and individuals, at a time of political polarization in a country on the front line of the Cold War's division of Europe. And they advance the ongoing reassessment of what happened in postwar Europe by including regional and village histories and by examining long-running issues of nationalism and ethnicity. Previously neglected subjects--from children and women in the resistance and in prisons to the state use of pageantry--yield fresh insights.
By focusing on episodes such as the problems of Jewish survivors in Salonika, memories of the Bulgarian occupation of northern Greece, and the controversial arrest of a war criminal, these scholars begin to answer persistent questions about war and its repercussions. How do people respond to repression? How deep are ethnic divisions? Which forms of power emerge under a weakened state? When forced to choose, will parents sacrifice family or ideology? How do ordinary people surmount wartime grievances to live together?
In addition to the editor, the contributors are Eleni Haidia, Procopis Papastratis, Polymeris Voglis, Mando Dalianis, Tassoula Vervenioti, Riki van Boeschoten, John Sakkas, Lee Sarafis, Stathis N. Kalyvas, Anastasia Karakasidou, Bea Lefkowicz, Xanthippi Kotzageorgi-Zymari, Tassos Hadjianastassiou, and Susanne-Sophia Spiliotis.
"This is an impressive collection of essays on a neglected subject. It is very useful to have a book that is focused in important ways on what happened at the local level. Very little attention has been devoted by historians to the themes under discussion in this collection. The essays are refreshingly free of ideological bias." (Richard Clogg, Oxford University)
About the Author
Mark Mazower is Professor of History at the University of London. He is the author of Inside Hitler's Greece, Greece and the Inter-War Economic Crisis, and Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century, as well as editor of The Policing of Politics in the Twentieth Century: Historical Perspectives.
Table of ContentsAbbreviations and Glossary of Terms
Introduction by Mark Mazower
Chapter One Three Forms of Political Justice: Greece, 1944-1945 by Mark Mazower
Chapter Two The Punishment of Collaborators in Northern Greece, 1945-1946 by Eleni Haidia
Chapter Three Purging the University after Liberation by Procopis Papastratis
Chapter Four Between Negation and Self-Negation: Political Prisoners in Greece, 1945-1950 by Polymeris Voglis
Chapter Five Children in Turmoil during the Civil War: Today's Adults by Mando Dalianis and Mark Mazower
Chapter Six Left-Wing Women between Politics and Family by Tassoula Vervenioti
Chapter Seven The Impossible Return: Coping with Separation and the Reconstruction of Memory in the Wake of the Civil War by Riki van Boeschoten
Chapter Eight Red Terror: Leftist Violence during the Occupation by Stathis N. Kalyvas
Chapter Nine The Civil War in Evrytania by John Sakkas
Chapter Ten The Policing of Deskati, 1942-1946 by Lee Sarafis
Chapter Eleven Protocol and Pageantry: Celebrating the Nation in Northern Greece by Anastasia Karakasidou
Chapter Twelve "After the War We Were All Together": Jewish Memories of Postwar Thessaloniki by Bea Lewkowicz
Chapter Thirteen Memories of the Bulgarian Occupation of Eastern Macedonia: Three Generations by Xantbippi Kotzageorgi-Zymari with Tassos Hadjianastassiou
Chapter Fourteen "An Affair of Politics, Not Justice": The Merten Trial (1957-1959) and Greek-German Relations by Susanne-Sophia Spiliotis
List of Contributors
What People are Saying About This
This collection of exciting essays discusses the tragedy of Greece in the wartime and postwar years. Its success is due to the widely recognized expertise of the editor, the excellence of contributors, the partial opening of the Greek archives, the more democratic atmosphere in Greece, and the end of the Cold War. The wide variety of authorsranging from young to well-established historians and including at least one former participant in the civil waris a further asset. It reads well and is a significant contribution to scholarship.
Istvan Deak, Columbia University
This is an impressive collection of essays on a neglected subject. It is very useful to have a book that is focused in important ways on what happened at the local level. Very little attention has been devoted by historians to the themes under discussion in this collection. The essays are refreshingly free of ideological bias.
Richard Clogg, Oxford University