This book examines the most up-to-date research in the agricultural field. The first chapter examines intercropping systems as a way of increasing productivity of land. The following chapter discusses hyperspectral imaging as an emerging and green chemistry technique for non-destructive and rapid food analysis. Chapter three also discusses hyperspectral imaging, with an emphasis on carrots. Chapter four aims to review recent progress and development in hydroxycinnamic acid research in barley seed and barley hull in terms of structure, biodegradation characteristics and its interrelationship to nutrient utilization and availability in ruminant. Chapter five summarizes the use of near-infrared spectroscopy as a cotton fiber quality assessment. Chapter six characterizes the mean volatile composition of five distilled alcoholic beverages. Chapter seven summarizes challenges associated with the processing of milk naturally enriched with bioactive lipids. Chapter eight shows the possibilities of the use of bamboo in building material and food. The final chapter aims to develop a comprehensive system of control measures against diseases of sugar beets.