The Second European Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine followed the successful meeting in Marseilles in 1987. As for AIME 87, the goal of AIME 89 was to promote scientific interchange within and between all subfields of AI in medicine, among researchers from all over the world, and especially from Europe. There were sessions on: knowledge elicidation and acquisition, architectures for medical knowledge-based systems, clinical applications, methodology, reasoning based on physiological models, and uncertainty. It is clear form the quality of papers presented, that the rate of development which took place between the Pavia meeting of 1985 and AIME 87 has been well maintained. With the launch of the European Community's exploratory programme in Advanced Informatics in Medicine in Europe, 1989 is clearly a very important year for this discipline. AIME 89 provided an important forum which demonstrated progress in some of the more difficult methodological problems, and advances in the application of these techniques to real-world medicine. This volume should be consulted by anyone who wishes to appreciate the state of the art in Medical AI in Europe.
Table of Contents
Knowledge Elicitation and Acquisition.- The Role of Clinical Judgement Analysis in the Development of Medical Expert Systems.- The Development of a Knowledge System for Surveillance of Anti-Epileptic Medication.- Medical Analysis of Automatically Induced Diagnostic Rules.- Machine Learning as a Knowledge Acquisition Tool: Application in the Domain of the Interpretation of Test Results.- Architectures for Medical Knowledge-Based Systems (1).- A Model-Based Diagnostic Expert System for Skeletal Dysplasias.- KIDS: A Specialized Architecture for Medical Image Interpretation.- A Symbolic Theory of Decision-Making Applied to Several Medical Tasks.- Some Issues in the Control of Interactive Differential Diagnosis.- Clinical Applications (1).- Attributed Conditional Rewriting Systems as a Tool for ECG Description and Interpretation.- An Expert System for Automatic Phonomechanocardiographic Diagnosis.- Implementing ESTROPID: An Expert System for TROPIcal Diseases.- The Benefits of Expert Systems in Health Care. Practical Experiences from CATEG05-ES.- An Explanation Driven Architecture for a Knowledge Based System in Post-Operative Care.- Design of a Knowledge-Based Decision Support System for Anaesthesia Using Simulators Suporting Knowledge Acquisition and Validation.- Methodology (1).- Connectionist Models in Medicine: An Investigation of their Potential.- Therapy Planning by Combining AI and Decision Theoretic Techniques.- The Quantitative Management of Linguistic Terms in a Knowledge Engineering Tool: Application to Medical Reasoning.- Reasoning Based on Physiological Models.- A Qualitative Model of Iron Metabolism.- Qualitative Spatial and Temporal Reasoning in Cardiac Electrophysiology.- Implementation and Evaluation of a Knowledge-Based System for the Interpretation of Laboratory Data.- Simulating Generic Situations on Causal Models.- Clinical Applications (2).- A PC-Based Decision Support/Patient Management System for Thyroid Disease.- SADE — A Support Tool for the Diagnosis of Liver Diseases.- A Consultation System for Transplantation Medicine.- A Microcomputer-Based Expert System for the Explanation of Oliguria.- Architectures for Medical Knowledge-Based Systems (2).- Design of a Generic Information System and its Application to Primary Care.- A Knowledge System Architecture for Diagnostic Reasoning.- Uncertainty.- The ALARM Monitoring System: A Case Study with Two Probabilistic Inference Techniques for Belief Networks,.- General Session.- An Analysis of Uncertainty in British General Practice: Implications of a Preliminary Survey.- The Use of a Production System for Simulation Analysis of Tumour Cell Migration in vitro: Development of a Specialized Control Strategy.- GAUSS: A Generalised Approach to Updating Scanner Strategies.- Explanation Improvement to Enhance Acceptance of the PLEXUS System.- Methodology (2).- Diagnostic Decision Support Based on Generic Disease Descriptions and Detailed Anatomical Knowledge.- MEDES as a Tool for Different Reasoning Strategies.- Knowledge Acquisition using Syntactic Time Patterns.- A Concurrent Navigational System among Distributed Knowledge Sources.