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Ajax by Sophocles

Ajax is a Greek tragedy written in the 5th century BC by Sophocles. The Greek tragedy chronicles the fate of the warrior Ajax after the events of the Iliad, but before the end of the Trojan War. At the start of Sophocles Greek tragedy, Ajax is enraged because his cousin Achilles' armor was awarded to Odysseus, rather than to him. Ajax vows to kill the Greek leaders who disgraced him. Ajax is considered a literature & fiction classic in the tragic dramas & plays genre and is often required textbook reading in the following disciplines; English, literature & fiction, Ancient & Medieval Literature, Greek, ancient & classical, dramas & plays, tragedy, and world literature.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780887347863
Publisher: Players Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 01/01/2003
Series: Greek Texts and Commentaries Series
Pages: 40
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x (d)
Age Range: 11 - 17 Years

About the Author

Sophocles (c. 497/6 BCE - winter 406/5 BCE) is one of three ancient Greek tragedians whose plays have survived. His first plays were written later than those of Aeschylus, and earlier than or contemporary with those of Euripides. According to the Suda, a 10th-century encyclopedia, Sophocles wrote 123 plays during the course of his life, but only seven have survived in a complete form: Ajax, Antigone, The Women of Trachis, Oedipus the King, Electra, Philoctetes and Oedipus at Colonus. For almost 50 years, Sophocles was the most-fêted playwright in the dramatic competitions of the city-state of Athens that took place during the religious festivals of the Lenaea and the Dionysia. He competed in around 30 competitions, won perhaps 24, and was never judged lower than second place. Aeschylus won 14 competitions, and was sometimes defeated by Sophocles, while Euripides won only 4 competitions.

The most famous tragedies of Sophocles feature Oedipus and also Antigone: they are generally known as the Theban plays, although each play was actually a part of a different tetralogy, the other members of which are now lost. Sophocles influenced the development of the drama, most importantly by adding a third actor, thereby reducing the importance of the chorus in the presentation of the plot. He also developed his characters to a greater extent than earlier playwrights such as Aeschylus.

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