Alcimus, Enemy of the Maccabees

Alcimus, Enemy of the Maccabees

by Benjamin Edidin Scolnic


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Alcimus, Enemy of the Maccabees by Benjamin Edidin Scolnic

Known mainly because of the holiday of Hanukkah, the Maccabean era is a fascinating and significant period of history that is vital to our understanding of the formation of Judaism. Yet even to those well versed in the history of the Jewish people, the name Alcimus, High Priest of Judaea in the years after Hanukkah, is basically unknown. Alcimus' enemy Judas Maccabaeus and his Hasmonean descendants considered Alcimus to be an evil man, and since the victors write history, the ancient sources express that prejudice. Most modern scholars, in attempting to reconstruct the history of that period, reflect that same attitude. Contrary to most moderns, this study evaluates Alcimus' heritage and loyalty to traditions in a much more positive manner. Alcimus, an ignored or denigrated figure in Jewish history, is restored as a leader who attempted to perpetuate his religion and his people.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780761830443
Publisher: UPA
Publication date: 10/28/2004
Series: Studies in Judaism Series
Pages: 198
Product dimensions: 6.16(w) x 8.78(h) x 0.63(d)

About the Author

Benjamin Edidin Scolnic, a rabbi and scholar, has been the spiritual leader of Temple Beth Sholom in Hamden, Connecticut since 1983. Rabbi Scolnic is also the Biblical Consultant for the North Sinai Archaeological Expedition investigating the route of the Exodus in the Sinai Desert. Currently, he teaches at the Southern Connecticut State University. Rabbi Scolnic was the first person ever to receive a Ph.D. in Bible from the Graduate School of the Jewish Theological Seminary. He is author of many books and articles including Chronology and Papponymy (University Press of America, 1999) and Theme and Context in Biblical Lists (University Press of America, 1995).

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 2 The Historical Background Chapter 3 The Sources: Maccabees; Maccabees; Josephus; Excursus: The Flight of Onias IV to Egypt: Are There Rabbinic Traditions that Refer to Alcimus?; The Importance of Yosi ben Yo ezer; Are There References to Alcimus in the Qumran Scrolls?; Are Chapter 4 Did Alcimus Write Psalm 79?: The Dating of Psalms; When Was the Book of Psalms in Its Final Form?; The Psalms of Asaph; Psalm 79; Conclusion Chapter 5 The Re-evaluation of Alcimus: Who Was Alcimus' Predecessor as High Priest?; When Did Alcimus Become High Priest? Who Was Alcimus?; Did Alcimus Voluntarily Defile Himself?; Was Alcimus a Religious Conservative or a "Hellenizer"?; Did Alcimus Write a Chapter 6 Alcimus: Prospects for Future Study Chapter 7 Appendix I Chapter 8 Bibliography Chapter 9 Index

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