The Algebra Solution to Mathematics Reform: Completing the Equation

The Algebra Solution to Mathematics Reform: Completing the Equation

by Frances R. Spielhagen

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780807771822
Publisher: Teachers College Press
Publication date: 03/11/2014
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
File size: 318 KB

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

1 Mathematics Success: Solving the Equation! 1

Algebra as a Civil Right 2

Is 9th Grade Early Enough to Study Algebra? 3

Dissension and Conflict About When to Teach Algebra 4

A Template for Change: Looking at a Model of Success 5

How Did They Do It? The Organization of the Book 10

2 Understanding the Variables in Mathematics Education 15

How Did We Get Here from There?: The History of Mathematics Curriculum Delivery 16

Search for the Identity of the High School in the United States 19

Who Should Study Algebra?: Philosophical and Psychological Foundations 20

Challenging the Status Quo in the Mid-20th Century 21

Reforming the Reform Movement 23

Forward Movement and Backlash to Change in Mathematics Curriculum 25

Redefining the Variables 26

3 Keeping Track: Setting the Course in Mathematics 27

When Should Most Students Take Algebra? 28

Recent Research on Tracking and Detracking 30

Case Study: Taking Charge of Change in Chesterfield, Virginia 31

4 Student Voices for Change: "Would Have, Should Have, Could Have… Studied Algebra in 8th Grade" 39

Context: The Setting for the Interviews 39

The Interviews: The Students Speak 40

Students' Views on Social Life in Middle School 41

The Relationship of Academics to the Students' Lives 42

How Were They Selected (or Not) for 8th-Grade Algebra? 42

The Value of 8th-Grade Algebra 43

Long-Term Effects of 8th-Grade Math Classes 44

Lessons Learned from the Students 46

The Value of Student Input 47

5 Following the Rules: Teachers as Gatekeepers to Advanced Math 51

Input from the Teachers in This Case Study 52

Teacher Talk About Their Students and Math 55

Ready or Not, Here They Come!: Meeting Diverse Algebra Students 56

Redefining Readiness 59

Changing the Rules 61

6 Changing the Rules: Long-Term Effects of 8th-Grade Algebra 63

Why They Changed the Rules 64

Benefits Derived from Studying Algebra in 8th Grade 65

Effects of 8th-Grade Algebra on High School Math Performamce 66

8th-Grade Math Experiences and the SAT 67

The Effect of 8th-Grade Algebra on College Attendance 67

8th-Grade Algebra for All Students? 68

Mandate for Change in Local Mathematics Policies 70

7 The Solution: How Educational Policy Changes Mathematics Outcomes 71

Changing the Game Plan for Mathematics Curriculum Delivery 72

Know the Rules 72

Listen to the Experts 74

Review Your Own Data 76

Keep Your Eye on the Prize 78

Courage and Conviction 79

Train the Players 81

Solving the Equation 83

References 85

Index 92

About the Author 102

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