The vast North African country of Algeria became independent in 1962 after a brutal eight-year-long war against France. Unfortunately, Algeria has not had a stable history, as various leaders have seized power through military coups. In 1991 a rising Islamist movement in the country led to a civil war that lasted for more than a decade and resulted in over 150,000 deaths. Algerians are still attempting to put the tragedies of the past behind them and rebuild their country.
Algeria is fortunate to control many important resources, including vast reserves of oil and national gas. However, since 2011 there have been numerous protects against the government, with people demanding more jobs, better housing, ad a more-open and transparent political system. Much work must be done to ensure a peaceful prosperous future for all Algerians.
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Table of Contents
Introduction Robert I. Rotberg 6
The Land 11
Algeria's History 21
Government and Foreign Relations 33
The Economy 41
Culture and People 49
Cities and Communities 61
A Calendar of Algerian Festivals 66
Project and Report Ideas 72
Further Reading/Internet Resources 76
For More Information 77