ISBN-10:
1402089457
ISBN-13:
9781402089459
Pub. Date:
02/13/2009
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Alien Reptiles and Amphibians: a Scientific Compendium and Analysis / Edition 1

Alien Reptiles and Amphibians: a Scientific Compendium and Analysis / Edition 1

by Fred Kraus

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781402089459
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 02/13/2009
Series: Invading Nature - Springer Series in Invasion Ecology , #4
Edition description: 2009
Pages: 563
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

1 Background to Invasive Reptiles and Amphibians 1

What Is an Invasive Species? 1

Two Misconceptions 3

The Invasion Process 5

Transport 5

Establishment 6

Spread 9

Impacts 11

Solutions 16

Strategic Considerations 17

Prevention 19

Eradication/Control 21

History of Research on Alien Reptiles and Amphibians 23

2 Introduction Patterns 27

Taxonomic Variation 29

Pathway Variation 34

Geographic Variation 43

General 53

3 Impacts of Alien Reptiles and Amphibians 57

Ecological Effects 58

Removal of Native Prey Species 58

Removal of Native Predators 65

Wider Changes in Ecosystem Dynamics 66

Competition with Native Species 69

Vectoring Novel Parasites 72

Community Homogenization 74

Evolutionary Effects 75

Genetic Changes 75

Morphological Changes 78

Physiological Changes 79

Behavioral Changes 79

Social Effects 80

Economic 80

Health 83

Scientific Loss 86

Conclusions 90

4 Management Responses 95

Prevention 95

Eradication 97

Long-Term Control 101

Management Limitations 104

5 Implications for Policy and Research 111

Implications for Management 112

Implications for Research 123

Which Taxa Invade? 125

How Fast? 126

What Makes Ecosystems Invasible? 127

What Is the Impact? 128

How Can We Control or Eradicate Harmful Invaders? 128

Appendix A Database of Introductions 133

Database Structure and Content 133

Database of Introduction Records 140

Appendix B Table of Erroneous and Uncertain Introduction Claims 361

Table Structure and Content 361

Database of Erroneous Claims of Introduction 362

Literature Cited 371

Subject Index 539

Taxonomic Index 543

Geographic Index 555

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