Alliance Curse: How America Lost the Third World

Alliance Curse: How America Lost the Third World

by Hilton L. Root

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In Alliance Curse, Hilton Root illustrates that recent U.S. foreign policy is too often misguided, resulting in misdirected foreign aid and alliances that stunt political and economic development among partner regimes, leaving America on the wrong side of change. Many alliances with third world dictators, ostensibly of mutual benefit, reduce incentives to govern for prosperity and produce instead political and social instability and economic failure. Yet again, in the war on terror and in the name of preserving global stability, America is backing authoritarian regimes that practice repression and plunder. It is as if the cold war never ended. While espousing freedom and democracy, the U.S. contradicts itself by aiding governments that do not share those values. In addition to undercutting its own stated goal of promoting freedom, America makes the developing world even more wary of its intentions. Yes, the democracy we preach arouses aspirations and attracts immigrants, but those same individuals become our sternest critics; having learned to admire American values, they end up deploring U.S. policies toward their own countries. Long-term U.S. security is jeopardized by a legacy of resentment and distrust. A lliance Curse proposes an analytical foundation for national security that challenges long-held assumptions about foreign affairs. It questions the wisdom of diplomacy that depends on questionable linkages or outdated suppositions. The end of the Soviet Union did not portend the demise of communism, for example. Democracy and socialism are not incompatible systems. Promoting democracy by linking it with free trade risks overemphasizing the latter goal at the expense of the former. The growing tendency to play China against India in an effort to retain American global supremacy will hamper relations with both—an intolerable situation in today's interdependent world. Root buttresses his analysis with case studies of American foreign policy toward developing countries (e.g., Vietnam), efforts at state building, and nations growing in importance, such as China. He concludes with a series of recommendations designed to close the gap between security and economic development.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780815701514
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Publication date: 11/01/2009
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 286
File size: 810 KB

About the Author

Hilton L. Root is a professor at George Mason University's School of Public Policy and a senior fellow with the Mercatus Center. He has served as adviser to the U.S. Treasury and the Asian Development Bank and has taught at Stanford University and the University of Pennsylvania. Root has a number of books to his credit, including Capital&Collusion: The Political Logic of Global Economic Development (Princeton, 2006), Governing for Prosperity, edited with Bruce Bueno de Mesquita (Yale, 2000), and The Key to the Asian Miracle, with J. E. Campos (Brookings, 1996).

Table of Contents

Preface     ix
The Legacy of the Cold War and Instability in the Twenty-First Century
Economic Logic of the Alliance Curse     3
Democratic Paradoxes: Institutional Constraints on U.S. Democracy Promotion     15
The Dangers of Triumphalism     31
Incompatible Missions and Unsuitable Organizations     42
Social Bifurcation and Ultimatum Bargaining: The Vision Gap in U.S. Reconstruction Efforts     55
Alliance Rents and the Economic Failure of Client Regimes
The United States and China: The Power of Illusion   Chunjuan Wei     71
The United States as Master Builder in the Philippines     86
Illegitimate Offspring: South Vietnam     103
Mirage of Stability: The United States and the Shah of Iran     122
America's Moral Dilemma in South Asia     145
U.S. Security Risks from Failures of Global Economic Development
Walking with the Devil: The Commitment Trap in U.S. Foreign Policy     173
Redeeming Democracy through the Market: Do Open Markets Produce Open Politics?     180
Linking U.S. Security to Third World Development     190
Lessons Learned
Reframing the Purpose of U.S. Globalism: Strategies, Institutions, and Beliefs     203
Notes     221
References     257
Index     271

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