Allied Looting in World War II: Thefts of Art, Manuscripts, Stamps and Jewelry in Europe

Allied Looting in World War II: Thefts of Art, Manuscripts, Stamps and Jewelry in Europe

by Kenneth D. Alford


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Allied Looting in World War II: Thefts of Art, Manuscripts, Stamps and Jewelry in Europe by Kenneth D. Alford

Looting has long been recognized as one of the crimes committed by the Third Reich during World War II, a crime which stripped economic wealth and artistic treasures from the populations the Nazis terrorized. This historical text reveals the shocking extent of looting by Allied forces, exploring their thievery against the Germans and others. It follows the journey of the Hungarian Crown Treasure from a muddy oil drum in Austria to Fort Knox and back to Hungary, and discusses numerous lost treasures ranging from priceless art works to rare manuscripts, including the earliest known printing by the Gutenberg press.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780786460533
Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
Publication date: 03/14/2011
Pages: 288
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Kenneth D. Alford is an internationally known historical consultant for television productions that involve Nazi looting, and is the author of several books. Retired from a career in banking, he lives in Richmond, Virginia.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vi

Foreword Sidney D. Kirkpatrick 1

Introduction 3

Part I Stealing a Trove of Stamps

1 The 273rd Infantry Regiment 7

2 The Looting of Anton Wiede 13

3 The Investigation 19

Part II A Passion for Lucas Cranach Paintings

4 Donovan Senter's Early Days 33

5 The Counter Intelligence Corps 40

6 The Quest for Lucas Cranach Paintings 47

7 The Charade Continues 59

8 Unanswered Questions 71

Part III Plundering Priceless Manuscripts

9 The Capture of Bad Wildungen 79

10 Lieutenant Bud Berman 85

11 The Rare Book Dealer 91

12 The Papal Countess 96

13 Other Bad Wildungen Robberies 102

Part IV The Schwarzburg Castle

14 The Robbery 109

15 A Break in the Case 117

16 Churchill "Chuck" Jones Brazelton 122

17 The Nun and the Poster 135

Part V Vignettes of Looting

18 The Gravediggers Pillage Reutti, Germany 141

19 The U.N. Red Cross Robbery 146

20 The Rabbi's Egyptian Ring 149

21 Frederick the Great's Handwritten Manuscript 153

22 Berlin Central Archives 157

23 The Golden Book of Saarbrücken 162

24 The Priceless Mainz Psalter 166

25 Raphael's Portrait of a Young Man 170

26 Clara Elisabeth Hertling 180

Part VI Looting from Hungary in World War II

27 Hungary 189

28 The Hungarian National Bank's Gold and Silver Reserves 191

29 The Acquisition of the Hungarian Crown Treasure 201

30 The Gold Treasure of Kremsmünster 211

31 Cardinal Mindszenty 214

32 The Return of Saint Stephen's Crown 221

33 The Hungarian Gold Train 227

34 The American Army Takes Custody 232

35 The General's Kingdom 235

36 The End of the Gold Train Property 239

Appendix A Anton Wiede's Missing Stamps and Paintings 245

Appendix B The Missing Kaltenbrunner Treasure 248

Appendix C Thefts from the Weimar National Art Collections 251

Appendix D Otto v. Falke's Description of the Crown of Saint Stephen 254

Chapter Notes 259

Bibliography 269

Index 271

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