In Cities and Towns across the United States and Canada, historical archaeologists dig for clues about what happened in North America after Europeans arrived.
The People who settled here did not usually leave behind documents such as diaries, letters, maps, and deeds. They did leave garbage-food bones, tools, broken dishes, buttons, bottles, toys, and gun parts. Archaeologists dig through time as they carefully scrape away soil, layer by layer, to uncover objects used by people long ago. By examining these artifacts, we are able to discover the stories of Dutch, English, African, Spanish-even Viking-settlers in North America.
Table of Contents
What is Historical Archaeology? 4
Introduction: The Westward Movement 8
1 The Mysterious Coronado Trail 12
2 An Early Fort on The Santa Fe Trail 18
3 California Bound: The Tragic Donner Party 28
4 The Oregon Trail and the Lewis and Clark Expedition 36
5 Gold-Seekers Rush to the West 46
6 What Archaeologists Found Out 52
Time Line 55
Further Information 58