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The American Nation: A History of the United States, Volume 1 / Edition 14

The American Nation: A History of the United States, Volume 1 / Edition 14

by Mark C. Carnes, John A. Garraty
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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780205790425
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 01/17/2011
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 512
Product dimensions: 8.40(w) x 10.70(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Mark C. Carnes

Mark C. Carnes received his undergraduate degree from Harvard and his Ph.D in history from Columbia University. He has chaired both the history and American studies departments at Barnard College and Columbia University, where he serves as the Ann Whitney Olin Professor of History. Carnes and Garraty were general editors of the 26-volume American National Biography, for which they were awarded the Waldo Leland Prize of the American Historical Association. Carnes has published numerous books on American social and cultural history, including Secret Ritual and Manhood in Victorian America (1989), Past Imperfect: History According to the Movies (1995), Novel History: Historians and Novelists Confront America’s Past (2001) and Invisible Giants: 50 Americans That Shaped the Nation but Missed the History Books (2002). Carnes also pioneered the Reacting to the Past pedagogy, which won the Theodore Hesburgh Award as the top outstanding pedagogical innovation in the nation (2004). In Reacting to the Past, college students play elaborate games, set in the past, their roles informed by classic texts. (For more on Reacting, see: In 2005 the American Historical Association named Carnes the recipient of the William Gilbert Prize for the best article on teaching history.

Table of Contents



Prologue: Beginnings
Chapter 1: Alien Encounters: Europe in the Americas
Chapter 2: American Society in the Making
Chapter 3: America in the British Empire
Chapter 4: The American Revolution
Chapter 5: The Federalist Era: Nationalism Triumphant
Chapter 6: Jeffersonian Democracy
Chapter 7: National Growing Pains
Chapter 8: Toward a National Economy
Chapter 9: Jacksonian Democracy
Chapter 10: The Making of Middle-Class America
Chapter 11: Westward Expansion
Chapter 12: The Sections Go Their Own Ways
Chapter 13: The Coming of the Civil War
Chapter 14: The War to Save the Union
Chapter 15: Reconstruction and the South




About the Authors

Prologue: Beginnings

Chapter 1: Alien Encounters: Europe in the Americas

Columbus's Great Triumph and Error

Spain's American Empire

Extending Spain's Empire to the North

Disease and Population Losses

Ecological Imperialism

The Protestant Reformation

English Beginnings in America

The Settlement of Virginia

"Purifying" the Church of England

Bradford and Plymouth Colony

Winthrop and Massachusetts Bay Colony

Troublemakers: Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson

Other New England Colonies

Pequot War and King Philip's War

Maryland and the Carolinas

French and Dutch Settlements

The Middle Colonies

Cultural Collisions

Cultural Fusions

DEBATING THE PAST How Many Indians Perished with European Settlement?


Chapter 2: American Society in the Making

Settlement of New France

Society in New Mexico, Texas, and California

The English Prevail on the Atlantic Seabord

The Chesapeake Colonies

The Lure of Land

"Solving" the Labor Shortage: Slavery

Prosperity in a Pipe: Tobacco

Bacon's Rebellion

The Carolinas

Home and Family in the South

Georgia and the Back Country

Puritan New England

The Puritan Family

Visable Puritan Saints and Others

Democracies without Democrats

The Dominion of New England

Salem Bewitched

Higher Education in New England

A Merchant's World

The Middle Colonies: Economic Basis

The Middle Colonies: An Intermingling of Peoples

"The Best Poor Man's Country"

The Politics of Diversity

Becoming Americans


Chapter 3: America in the British Empire

The British Colonial System


The Navigation Acts

The Effects of Mercantilism

The Great Awakening

The Rise and Fall of Jonathan Edwards

The Enlightenment in America

Colonial Scientific Achievements

Repercussions of Distant Wars

The Great War for the Empire

Britain Victorious: The Peace of Paris

Burdens of an Expanded Empire

Tightening Imperial Controls

The Sugar Act

American Colonists Demand Rights

The Stamp Act: The Pot Set to Boiling

Rioters or Rebels?

The Declaratory Act

The Townshend Duties

The Boston Massacre

The Boiling Pot Spills Over

The Tea Act Crisis

From Resistance to Revolution

AMERICAN LIVES Eunice Williams/Gannenstenhawi

DEBATING THE PAST Do Artists Depict Historical Subjects Accurately?

Chapter 4: The American Revolution

The Shot Heard Round the World

The Second Continental Congress

The Battle of Bunker Hill

The Great Declaration

1776: The Balance of Forces


The British Take New York City

Saratoga and the French Alliance

The War Moves South

Victory at Yorktown

Negotiating a Favorable Peace

National Government under the Articles of Confederation

Financing the War

State Republican Governments

Social Reform and Antislavery

Women and the Revolution

Growth of a National Spirit

The Great Land Ordinances

National Heroes

A National Culture

DEBATING THE PAST Was the American Revolution Rooted in Class Struggle?


Chapter 5: The Federalist Era: Nationalism Triumphant

Inadequacies of the Articles of Confederation

Daniel Shays's "Little Rebellion"

To Philadelphia, and the Constitution

The Great Convention

The Compromises that Produced the Constitution

Washington as President

Congress under Way

Hamilton and Financial Reform

The Ohio Country: A Dark and Bloody Ground

Revolution in France

Federalists and Republicans: The Rise of Political Parities

1794: Crisis and Resolution

Jay's Treaty

1795: All's Well that Ends Well

Washington's Farewell

The Election of 1796

The XYZ Affair

The Alien and Sedition Acts

The Kentucky and Virginia Resolves

MAPPING THE PAST Radical Frontiersmen vs. Conservative Easterners in the 1780s

Chapter 6: Jeffersonian Democracy

Jefferson Elected President

The Federalist Contribution

Thomas Jefferson: Political Theorist

Jefferson as President

Jefferson's Attack on the Judiciary

The Barbary Pirates

The Louisiana Purchase

The Federalists Discredited

Lewis and Clark

The Burr Conspiracy

Napoleon and the British

The Impressment Controversy

The Embargo Act

Jeffersonian Democracy

DEBATING THE PAST Did Thomas Jefferson Father a Child by His Slave?

MAPPING THE PAST A Water Route to the Pacific?

Chapter 7: National Growing Pains

Madison in Power

Tecumseh and Indian Resistance

Depression and Land Hunger

Opponents of War

The War of 1812

Britain Assumes the Offensive

"The Star Spangled Banner"

The Treaty of Ghent

The Hartford Convention

The Battle of New Orleans and the End of the War

Anglo-American Rapprochement

The Transcontinental Treaty

The Monroe Doctrine

The Era of Good Feelings

New Sectional Issues

New Leaders

The Missouri Compromise

Election of 1824

John Quincy Adams as President

Calhoun's Exposition and Protest

The Meaning of Sectionalism

MAPPING THE PAST North-South Sectionalism Intensifies

Chapter 8: Toward a National Economy

Gentility and the Consumer Revolution

Birth of the Factory

An Industrial Proletariat?

Lowell's Waltham System: Women as Factory Workers

Irish and German Immigrants

The Persistence of the Household System

Rise of Corporations

Cotton Revolutionizes the South

Revival of Slavery

Roads to Market

Transportation and the Government

Development of Steamboats

The Canal Boom

New York City: Emporium of the Western World

The Marshall Court

MAPPING THE PAST The Making of the Working Class

DEBATING THE PAST Was There a "Market Revolution" in the Early 1800s?

Chapter 9: Jacksonian Democracy

"Democratizing" Politics

1828: The New Party System in Embryo

The Jacksonian Appeal

The Spoils System

President of All of the People

Sectional Tensions Revived

Jackson: "The Bank. . . I will Kill It!"

Jackson's Bank Veto

Jackson versus Calhoun

Indian Removals

The Nullification Crisis

Boom and Bust

The Jacksonians

Rise of the Whigs

Martin Van Buren: Jacksonianism without Jackson

The Log Cabin Campaign

DEBATING THE PAST For Whom Did Jackson Fight?


Chapter 10: The Making of Middle-Class America

Tocqueville: Democracy in America

The Family Recast

The Second Great Awakening

The Era of Associations

Backwoods Utopias

The Age of Reform

"Demon Rum"

The Abolitionist Crusade

Women's Rights

The Romantic View of Life

Emerson and Thoreau

Edgar Allan Poe

Nathaniel Hawthorne

Herman Melville

Walt Whitman

Reading and the Dissemination of Culture

Education for Democracy

The State of the Colleges

MAPPING THE PAST Family Size: Northeast vs. Frontier

Chapter 11: Westward Expansion

Tyler's Troubles

The Webster-Ashburton Treaty

The Texas Question

Manifest Destiny

Life on the Trail

California and Oregon

The Election of 1844

Polk as President

War with Mexico

To the Halls of Montezuma

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

The Fruits of Victory: Further Enlargement of the United States

Slavery: Storm Clouds Gather

The Election of 1848

The Gold Rush

The Compromise of 1850

DEBATING THE PAST Did the Frontier Change Women's Roles?


Chapter 12: The Sections Go Their Own Ways

The South

The Economics of Slavery

Antebellum Plantation Life

The Sociology of Slavery

Psychological Effects of Slavery

Manufacturing in the South

The Northern Industrial Juggernaut

A Nation of Immigrants

How Wage Earners Lived

Progress and Poverty

Foreign Commerce

Steam Conquers the Atlantic

Canals and Railroads

Financing the Railroads

Railroads and the Economy

Railroads and the Sectional Conflict

The Economy on the Eve of Civil War

AMERICAN LIVES Sojourner Truth

DEBATING THE PAST Did Slaves and Masters Form Emotional Bonds?

Chapter 13: The Coming of the Civil War

Slave-Catchers Come North

Uncle Tom's Cabin

Diversions Abroad: The "Young America" Movement

Stephen Douglas: "The Little Giant"

The Kansas-Nebraska Act

Know-Nothings, Republicans, and the Demise of the Two-Party System

"Bleeding Kansas"

Senator Sumner Becomes a Martyr for Abolitionism

Buchanan Tries His Hand

The Dred Scott Decision

The Proslavery Lecompton Constitution

The Emergence of Lincoln

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates

John Brown's Raid

The Election of 1860

The Secession Crisis

MAPPING THE PAST Runaway Slaves: Hard Realities

DEBATING THE PAST Was the Civil War Avoidable?

Chapter 14: The War to Save the Union

Lincoln's Cabinet

Fort Sumter: The First Shot

The Blue and the Gray

The Test of Battle: Bull Run

Paying for the War

Politics as Usual

Behind Confederate Lines

War in the West: Shiloh

McClellan: The Reluctant Warrior

Lee Counterattacks: Antietam

The Emancipation Proclamation

The Draft Riots

The Emancipated People

African-American Soldiers

Antietam to Gettysburg

Lincoln Finds His General: Grant at Vicksburg

Economic and Social Effects, North and South

Women in Wartime

Grand in the Wilderness

Sherman in Georgia

To Appomattox Court House

Winners, Losers, and the Future

DEBATING THE PAST Why Did the South Lose the Civil War?


Chapter 15: Reconstruction and the South

The Assasination of Lincoln

Presidential Reconstruction

Republican Radicals

Congress Rejects Johnsonian Reconstruction

The Fourteenth Amendment

The Reconstruction Acts

Congress Supreme

The Fifteenth Amendment

"Black Republican" Reconstruction: Scalawags and Carpetbaggers

The Ravaged Land

Sharecropping and the Crop-Lien System

-The White Backlash

Grant as President

The Disputed Election of 1876

The Compromise of 1877

DEBATING THE PAST Were Reconstruction Governments Corrupt?

MAPPING THE PAST The Politics of Reconstruction






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