ISBN-10:
0312534078
ISBN-13:
2900312534072
Pub. Date:
12/16/2009
Publisher:
Bedford/St. Martin's
American Promise: A Compact History, Volume I: To 1877 / Edition 4

American Promise: A Compact History, Volume I: To 1877 / Edition 4

by James L. Roark
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  • Product Details

    ISBN-13: 2900312534072
    Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
    Publication date: 12/16/2009
    Edition description: Fourth Edition
    Pages: 512
    Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

    About the Author

    JAMES L. ROARK (Ph.D., Stanford University) is the Samuel Chandler Dobbs Professor of History at Emory University. He has written and edited four books, including, with Michael P. Johnson, Black Masters: A Free Family of Color in the Old South (1984).

    MICHAEL P. JOHNSON (Ph.D., Stanford University) is a professor of history at the Johns Hopkins University. He has written or edited six books, including No Chariot Let Down: Charleston’s Free People of Color on the Eve of the Civil War (1984) and Reading the American Past.

    PATRICIA CLINE COHEN (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley) is professor of history at the University of California at Santa Barbara. She has written three books including The Murder of Helen Jewett: The Life and Death of a Prostitute in Nineteenth-Century New York (1998).

    SARAH STAGE (Ph.D., Yale University) is professor of women’s studies at Arizona State University West. She has written three books, including Rethinking Women and Home Economics in the Twentieth Century (1997).

    ALAN LAWSON (Ph.D., University of Michigan) is professor of history at Boston College. He has written or edited three books, including From Revolution to Republic (1976).

    SUSAN M. HARTMANN (Ph.D., University of Missouri) is professor of history at The Ohio State University. She has written five books, including The Other Feminists: Activists in the Liberal Establishments (1998).

    Table of Contents

    Note: Each chapter ends with Suggestions for Further Reading and a "Reviewing the Chapter" section which includes a Timeline, Key Terms, Review questions, and Making Connections.

    1. Ancient America: Before 1492
    Opening Vignette: Archaeological discovery proves that humans inhabited America for more than 10,000 years
    Archaeology and History The First Americans
    Beyond America's Borders: Nature's Immigrants
    Archaic Hunters and Gatherers Agricultural Settlements and Chiefdoms Native Americans in the 1490s The Mexica: A Meso-American Culture Conclusion: The World of Ancient Americans
    Reviewing the Chapter

    2. Europeans Encounter the New World, 14921600
    Opening Vignette: Christopher Columbus encounters the Tainos of San Salvador
    Europe in the Age of Exploration A Surprising New World in the Western Atlantic Spanish Exploration and Conquest
    Documenting the American Promise: Justifying Conquest
    The New World and Sixteenth-Century Europe Conclusion: The Promise of the New World for Europeans
    Reviewing the Chapter

    3. The Southern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 16011700
    Opening Vignette: Pocahontas "rescues" John Smith
    An English Colony on the Chesapeake A Tobacco Society
    Beyond America's Borders: American Tobacco and European Consumers
    The Evolution of Chesapeake Society Religion and Revolt in the Spanish Borderland Toward a Slave Labor System Conclusion: The Growth of English Colonies Based on Export Crops and Slave Labor
    Reviewing the Chapter

    4. The Northern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 16011700
    Opening Vignette: Roger Williams is banished from Puritan Massachusetts
    Puritan Origins: The English Reformation Puritans and the Settlement of New England
    Documenting the American Promise: King Philip Considers Christianity
    The Evolution of New England Society The Founding of the Middle Colonies The Colonies and the British Empire Conclusion: An English Model of Colonization in North America
    Reviewing the Chapter

    5. Colonial America in the Eighteenth Century, 17011770
    Opening Vignette: Young Benjamin Franklin arrives in Philadelphia
    A Growing Population and Expanding Economy in British North America New England: From Puritan Settlers to Yankee Traders The Middle Colonies: Immigrants, Wheat, and Work The Southern Colonies: Land of Slavery Unifying Experiences Bonds of the British Empire
    Documenting the American Promise: Missionaries Report on California Missions
    Conclusion: The Dual Identity of British North American Colonists
    Reviewing the Chapter

    6. The British Empire and the Colonial Crisis, 17541775
    Opening Vignette: Loyalist governor Thomas Hutchinson stands his ground in radical Massachusetts
    The Seven Years' War, 17541763
    Historical Question: How Long Did the Seven Years' War Last in Indian Country?
    The Sugar and Stamp Acts, 17631765
    The Townshend Acts and Economic Retaliation, 17671770
    The Tea Party and the Coercive Acts, 17701774
    Domestic Insurrections, 17741775
    Conclusion: How Far Does Liberty Go?
    Reviewing the Chapter

    7. The War for America, 17751783
    Opening Vignette: Abigail Adams eagerly awaits independence
    The Second Continental Congress
    The Promise of Technology: Arming the Soldiers: Muskets and Rifles
    The First Year of War, 17751776
    The Home Front The Campaigns of 17771779: The North and West The Southern Strategy and the End of the War Conclusion: Why the British Lost
    Reviewing the Chapter

    8. Building a Republic, 17751789
    Opening Vignette: James Madison comes of age in the midst of revolution
    The Articles of Confederation The Sovereign States
    Documenting the American Promise: Blacks Petition for Freedom and Rights
    The Critical Period The United States Constitution Ratification of the Constitution Conclusion: The "Republican Remedy"
    Reviewing the Chapter

    9. The New Nation Takes Form, 17891800
    Opening Vignette: Alexander Hamilton struggles with the national debt
    The Search for Stability
    Beyond America's Borders: France, England, and Woman's Rights in the 1790s
    Hamilton's Economic Policies Conflicts West, East, and South Federalists and Republicans Conclusion: Parties Nonetheless
    Reviewing the Chapter

    10. Republicans in Power, 18001824
    Opening Vignette: The Shawnee chief Tecumseh attempts to forge a pan-Indian confederacy
    Jefferson's Presidency The Madisons in the White House
    The Promise of Technology: Stoves Transform Cooking
    Women's Status in the Early Republic Monroe and Adams Conclusion: Republican Simplicity Becomes Complex
    Reviewing the Chapter

    11. The Expanding Republic, 18151840
    Opening Vignette: The rise of Andrew Jackson, symbol of a self-confident and expanding nation
    The Market Revolution The Spread of Democracy Cultural Shifts, Religion, and Reform
    Beyond America's Borders: Transatlantic Abolition
    Jackson Defines the Democratic Party Conclusion: The Age of Jackson or the Era of Reform?
    Reviewing the Chapter

    12. The New West and Free North, 18401860
    Opening Vignette: Young Abraham Lincoln and his family struggle to survive in antebellum America
    The Westward Movement Expansion and the Mexican-American War
    Historical Question: Who Rushed for California Gold?
    Economic and Industrial Evolution Free Labor: Promise and Reality Reforming Self and Society Conclusion: Free Labor, Free Men
    Reviewing the Chapter

    13. The Slave South, 18201860
    Opening Vignette: Slave Nat Turner leads a revolt to end slavery
    The Growing Distinctiveness of the South Masters, Mistresses, and the Big House
    Historical Question: How Often Were Slaves Whipped?
    Slaves and the Quarter Black and Free: On the Middle Ground The Plain Folk The Politics of Slavery Conclusion: A Slave Society
    Reviewing the Chapter

    14. The House Divided, 18461861
    Opening Vignette: Abolitionist John Brown takes his war against slavery to Harper's Ferry, Virginia
    The Bitter Fruits of War The Sectional Balance Undone
    Beyond America's Borders: Filibusters: The Underside of Manifest Destiny
    Realignment of the Party System Freedom under Siege The Union Collapses Conclusion: Slavery, Free Labor, and the Failure of Political Compromise
    Reviewing the Chapter

    15. The Crucible of War, 18611865
    Opening Vignette: Runaway slave William Gould enlists in the U.S. navy
    "And the War Came"
    The Combatants Battling It Out, 18611862
    Union and Freedom The South at War The North at War Grinding Out Victory, 18631865
    Historical Question: Why Did So Many Soldiers Die?
    Conclusion: The Second American Revolution
    Reviewing the Chapter

    16. Reconstruction, 18631877
    Opening Vignette: Northern victory freed the field hand York, but it did not change his former master's mind about the need for slavery
    Wartime Reconstruction
    Documenting the American Promise: The Meaning of Freedom
    Presidential Reconstruction Congressional Reconstruction The Struggle in the South Reconstruction Collapses Conclusion: "A Revolution But Half Accomplished"
    Reviewing the Chapter

    17. Business and Politics in the Gilded Age, 18701895
    Opening Vignette: Mark Twain and the Gilded Age
    Old Industries Transformed, New Industries Born
    Documenting the American Promise: Rockefeller and His Critics
    From Competition to Consolidation Politics and Culture Presidential Politics in the Gilded Age Economic Issues and Shifting Political Alliances Conclusion: Business Dominates an Era
    Reviewing the Chapter

    18. The West in the Gilded Age, 18701900
    Opening Vignette: Native American boarding school students celebrate Indian citizenship
    Gold Fever and the Mining West
    The Promise of Technology: Hydraulic Mining
    Land Fever A Clash of Cultures Conclusion: The West, an Integral Part of Gilded Age America
    Reviewing the Chapter

    19. The City and Its Workers, 18701900
    Opening Vignette: Workers build the Brooklyn Bridge
    The Rise of the City At Work in the City Workers Organize At Home and at Play City Growth and City Government
    Beyond America's Borders: The World's Columbian Exposition and Nineteenth-Century World's Fairs
    Conclusion: Who Built the Cities?
    Reviewing the Chapter

    20. Dissent, Depression, and War, 18901900
    Opening Vignette: The people create the Populist Party in 1892
    The Farmers' Revolt
    Documenting the American Promise: Voices of Protest
    The Labor Wars Women's Activism Depression Politics The United States and the World War and Empire Conclusion: Rallying around the Flag
    Reviewing the Chapter

    21. Progressivism from the Grass Roots to the White House, 18901916
    Opening Vignette: Jane Addams founds Hull House
    Grassroots Progressivism Progressivism: Theory and Practice Progressivism Finds a President: Theodore Roosevelt
    The Promise of Technology: Flash Photography and the Birth of Photojournalism
    Progressivism Stalled Woodrow Wilson and Progressivism at High Tide The Limits of Progressive Reform Conclusion: The Transformation of the Liberal State
    Reviewing the Chapter

    22. World War I: The Progressive Crusade at Home and Abroad, 19141920
    Opening Vignette: General Pershing struggles to protect the autonomy of the American Expeditionary Force
    Woodrow Wilson and the World
    "Over There"
    The Crusade for Democracy at Home A Compromised Peace Democracy at Risk
    Beyond America's Borders: Bolshevism
    Conclusion: Troubled Crusade
    Reviewing the Chapter

    23. From New Era to Great Depression, 19201932
    Opening Vignette: Henry Ford puts America on wheels
    The New Era
    The Promise of Technology: Better Living through Electricity
    The Roaring Twenties Resistance to Change The Great Crash Life in the Depression Conclusion: Dazzle and Despair
    Reviewing the Chapter

    24. The New Deal Experiment, 19321939
    Opening Vignette: The Bonus Army marches into Washington, D.C.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Patrician in Government Launching the New Deal Challenges to the New Deal
    Historical Question: Huey Long: Demagogue or Champion of the Dispossessed?
    Toward a Welfare State The New Deal from Victory to Deadlock Conclusion: Achievements and Limitations of the New Deal
    Reviewing the Chapter

    25. The United States and the Second World War, 19391945
    Opening Vignette: Colonel Paul Tibbets drops the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan
    Peacetime Dilemmas The Onset of War Mobilizing for War Fighting Back The Wartime Home Front
    Beyond America's Borders: Nazi Anti-Semitism and the Atomic Bomb
    Toward Unconditional Surrender Conclusion: Allied Victory and America's Emergence as a Superpower
    Reviewing the Chapter

    26. Cold War Politics in the Truman Years, 19451953
    Opening Vignette: Secretary of State Dean Acheson, President Truman's "good right hand"
    From the Grand Alliance to Containment
    Documenting the American Promise: The Emerging Cold War
    Truman and the Fair Deal at Home The Cold War Becomes Hot: Korea Conclusion: The Cold War's Costs and Consequences
    Reviewing the Chapter

    27. The Politics and Culture of Abundance, 19521960
    Opening Vignette: Vice President Nixon and Russian Premier Khrushchev debate the merits of U.S. and Soviet societies
    Eisenhower and the Politics of the "Middle Way"
    Liberation Rhetoric and the Practice of Containment New Work and Living Patterns in an Economy of Abundance
    The Promise of Technology: Air-Conditioning
    The Culture of Abundance Emergence of a Civil Rights Movement Conclusion: Peace and Prosperity Mask Unmet Challenges
    Reviewing the Chapter

    28. Reform, Rebellion, and Reaction, 19601974
    Opening Vignette: Fannie Lou Hamer leads grassroots struggles of African Americans for voting rights and political empowerment
    Liberalism at High Tide The Second Reconstruction A Multitude of Movements The New Wave of Feminism
    Beyond America's Borders: Transnational Feminisms
    Liberal Reform in the Nixon Administration Conclusion: Achievements and Limitations of Liberalism
    Reviewing the Chapter

    29. Vietnam and the Limits of Power, 19611975
    Opening Vignette: American GIs arrive in Vietnam
    New Frontiers in Foreign Policy Lyndon Johnson's War against Communism
    Historical Question: Why Couldn't the United States Bomb Its Way to Victory in Vietnam?
    A Nation Polarized Nixon, Dtente, and the Search for Peace in Vietnam Nixon's Search for Peace with Honor in Vietnam Conclusion: An Unwinnable War
    Reviewing the Chapter

    30. America Moves to the Right, 19691989
    Opening Vignette: Phyllis Schlafly promotes conservatism
    Nixon and the Rise of Postwar Conservatism Constitutional Crisis and Restoration The "Outsider" Presidency of Jimmy Carter Ronald Reagan and the Conservative Ascendancy
    Historical Question: Why Did the ERA Fail?
    Continuing Struggles over Rights and the Environment Ronald Reagan Confronts an "Evil Empire"
    Conclusion: Reversing the Course of Government
    Reviewing the Chapter

    31. The End of the Cold War and the Challenges of Globalization: Since 1989
    Opening Vignette: Colin Powell adjusts to a postCold War world
    Domestic Stalemate and Global Upheaval: The Presidency of George H. W. Bush The Clinton Administration's Search for the Middle Ground
    Beyond America's Borders: Jobs in a Globalizing Era
    The United States in a Globalizing World President George W. Bush: Conservatism at Home and Radical Initiatives Abroad Conclusion: Defining the Government's Role at Home and Abroad
    Reviewing the Chapter

    Appendices
    I. Documents II. Facts and Figures: Government, Economy, and Demographics III. Research Resources in U.S. History
    Glossary of Historical Vocabulary
    Index

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