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American Social Welfare Policy / Edition 6

American Social Welfare Policy / Edition 6

by Howard Jacob Karger
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  • Product Details

    ISBN-13: 2900205627089
    Publisher: Pearson
    Publication date: 03/13/2009
    Series: MyHelpingKit Series
    Edition description: Older Edition
    Pages: 544
    Product dimensions: 6.50(w) x 1.50(h) x 9.50(d)

    Table of Contents

    Each chapter concludes with “Conclusion,” “Discussion Questions,” and “Notes.”



    1. Social Policy and the American Welfare State

    Definitions of Social Welfare Policy

    Social Problems and Social Welfare Policy

    Social Work and Social Policy

    Values, Ideology, and Social Welfare Policy

    The Political Economy of American Social Welfare

    The U.S. Economic Continuum

    Keynesian Economics

    Conservative or Free Market Economics

    Democratic Socialism

    The U.S. Political Continuum

    Liberalism and Left-of-Center Movements

    Classical Conservatives and the Far Right

    The Welfare Philosophers and the Neoconservative Think Tanks

    2. Social Welfare Policy Research: a Framework for Policy Analysis

    A Proposed Model for Policy Analysis

    Historical Background of the Policy

    Problem(s) That Necessitate the Policy

    Policy Description

    Policy Analysis

    Researching and Analyzing Social Policies

    Social Policy Research and the Internet

    Journals and Online Research

    Online Data Collection

    Ethical Concerns Related to Online Research Involving Human Subjects

    Finding and Accessing Online Information

    Citing and Documenting Information Obtained Online

    Evaluating Reliable and Legitimate Internet Sources

    Electronic Journals: An Increasingly Popular Venue

    Online Publishing

    3. Religion and Social Welfare Policy (by Howard Jacob Karger and Peter Kindle).

    Religious Antecedents of Welfare Statism

    The English Poor Laws

    Church, State, and Social Welfare in Colonial America

    The Second Great Awakening

    The Civil War Era

    The Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries

    The Rise Of Social Work As A Profession

    Urban Needs During Industrialization

    Charity Organization Societies

    Settlement Houses

    The Social Casework Agency

    The Progressive Movement

    Religion and the Post-Industrial Welfare State

    The Fundamentalist Controversy and Its Aftermath

    The Great Depression and New Deal

    Patterns of Religious Change

    Religion and the New Media


    The Reawakening of a Religious Social Conscience and the Great Society

    The Continuing Decline of Mainline Influence

    The New Christian Right

    4. Discrimination in American Society



    The Minority Middle Class

    Discrimination against African Americans

    The "Diswelfare" of African Americans

    Hispanic Americans

    The Demography of Hispanic Americans

    Hispanic Poverty and Income

    Diversity in the Hispanic Population

    Native Americans

    Asian Americans

    Immigrants and Immigration

    Women and Society

    Violence and Sexism

    The Feminization of Poverty

    Women and Low-Income Work

    Women and Work

    Income and Job Disparities between Men and Women

    Day Care: A Barrier to Female Employment

    Women in Uniform

    Other Obstacles Faced by Working Women

    Fighting Back: The Equal Rights Amendment and Comparable Worth

    Abortion and Women's Rights

    Gays and Lesbians: Two Populations at Risk

    Violence against Gays and Lesbians

    Gay Rights

    Gay and Lesbians in the Military

    Gay and Lesbian Family Life

    AIDS and the Gay Community


    The Elderly Poor and Social Programs

    Health Care and the Elderly

    People with Disabilities

    Legal Attempts to Remedy Discrimination

    Affirmative Action

    5. Poverty in America

    Some Theoretical Formulations about Poverty

    African Americans and Poverty

    The Culture of Poverty

    Eugenics and Poverty

    The Radical School and Poverty

    Who Make Up the Poor?

    U.S. Poverty Highlights

    Measuring Poverty

    Families and Poverty

    Child Support Enforcement

    Children in Poverty

    Poverty and the Elderly

    The Urban and Rural Poor

    Work and Poverty

    A Profile of the Working Poor

    Why Are There Working Poor?

    Underemployment and Unemployment

    Job Training Programs

    Dual Labor Markets

    The Minimum Wage and Poverty

    Strategies Developed to Combat Poverty


    Three Approaches to Combat Poverty

    The Digital Divide

    America’s Fringe Economy

    The Unbanked and the Functionally Poor

    Credit and the Poor

    The Furniture and Appliance Rental Industry

    Cash Loans


    Car Title Pawns

    Payday Loans

    Tax Refund Loans (RALs)


    Transportation in the Fringe Economy


    6. The Voluntary Sector Today

    Structural Interests within Social Welfare

    Traditional Providers

    Welfare Bureaucrats

    Clinical Entrepreneurs

    Human Service Executives

    Marginal Interests

    The Forgotten Sector

    Advancing Social Justice

    Contemporary Nonprofit Human Service Organizations

    The United Way

    Elite Philanthropy

    The Future of the Voluntary Sector


    Faith-Based Social Services

    Social Entrepreneurship

    7. Privatization and Human Service Corporations

    Concerns about Privatization

    Privatizing Public Welfare

    Issues in the Privatization of Health and Human Services


    Preferential Selection




    The Challenge of Privatization

    Unions and the Private Sector

    Corporate Welfare

    History of the Corporate Sector

    Corporate Social Responsibility

    Corporate Influence on Social Welfare Policy

    The American Enterprise Institute (AEI)

    The Heritage Foundation

    The Future of Corporate Involvement in Social Welfare

    Human Service Corporations

    The Scope of Human Service Corporations

    Consolidation and Growth in Human Service Markets

    Nursing Homes

    Hospital Management

    Health Maintenance Organizations

    Child Care

    Home Health Care


    Life Care and Continuing Care


    8. The Making of Governmental Policy

    Technical Aspects of the Policy Process

    A Critical Analysis of the Policy Process

    The Policy Process

    Social Stratification





    Non-Decision Making

    Social Workers and Social Reform

    Social Work and Advocacy Organizations

    Advocacy Organizations and the New Policy Institutes

    Political Practice

    9. Tax Policy and Income Distribution

    History of U.S. Tax Policy

    Tax Policy and Special Interests

    Federal Tax Policy

    State Tax Policy and the Poor

    The Efficiency of Tax Policy in Reducing Poverty

    Tax Expenditures as Poverty Policy

    The Antitax Movement

    10. Social Insurance Programs

    Definition of Social Insurance

    The Background of Social Insurance

    The Financial Organization of Social Insurance

    Key Social Insurance Programs


    Unemployment Insurance

    Workers' Compensation

    The Social Security Dilemma

    Arguments against the Current Social Security System

    Arguments for the Current Social Security System

    Social Security in Trouble

    The Long-Term Prospects for Social Security

    Proposed Solutions for Social Security

    Should We Privatize Social Security?

    11. Public Assistance Programs

    Some Assumptions That Underlie Public Assistance

    Myths about Public Assistance

    Aid to Families with Dependent Children

    The Evolution of the AFDC Program

    The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996

    State Welfare Reform Waivers

    Has the PRWORA Worked?

    Proposed Changes in the TANF Program

    Supplemental Security Income

    General Assistance

    Trends and Issues in Public Assistance

    Transforming Public Assistance Policy into Labor Policy

    Teenage Pregnancy

    The Underclass

    Welfare Behaviorism

    Welfare to Work

    The Inadequacy of Public Assistance Benefits

    Appendix: Highlights of Selected State Welfare Demonstration Projects, 2000

    12. The American Health Care System

    The Uninsured

    The Organization of Medical Services

    Major Public Health Care Programs: Medicare, Medicaid, and S-CHIP



    The State Children's Health Insurance Program (S-CHIP)

    The Tobacco Settlement

    The Health Care Crisis

    Overview of U.S. Health Care Expenditures

    U.S. Health Care in International Perspective

    Explaining the High Cost of U.S. Health Care

    Hospital Costs

    Physicians' Salaries

    The Pharmaceutical Industry

    Cutting Health Care Costs

    Managed Care

    The Underinsured

    AIDS and Health Care

    Reforming U.S. Health Care

    Socialized Medicine

    National Health Insurance

    Incremental Reform

    Comparative Analysis: Health Care in Canada and Britain

    The Canadian Health Care System

    Britain's National Health Service

    13. Mental Health and Substance Abuse Policy

    Mental Health Reform

    The Community Mental Health Centers Acts


    The Revolving Door

    CMHCs under Siege

    Preventive Commitment

    Mental Health Service Delivery

    Parity for Mental Health Care

    Substance Abuse

    History of Substance Abuse

    Alcohol Abuse

    Drug Abuse

    Private Practice and Mental Health Services

    Private Practice in Social Work

    The Business of Private Practice

    The Future of the Private Sector

    14. Criminal Justice

    History of U.S. Criminal Justice

    The Criminal Justice System

    Juvenile Justice

    The War on Drugs

    The Underclass and "Moral Poverty"

    Legalization of Drugs

    The "New Penology"

    The Future of Criminal Justice

    15. Child Welfare Policy

    History of U.S. Child Welfare Policy

    Protective Services for Children

    Foster Care for Children


    Head Start

    Emerging Issues in Child Welfare

    Day Care

    Maternal and Child Health

    Teen Pregnancy

    16. Housing Policies

    Overview of Housing Legislation

    The Federal Government and Low-Income Housing Programs

    Issues in Housing Policy

    Trends in U.S. Housing

    Problems in Home Ownership

    Problems in Finding Affordable Rental Housing

    Other Factors Affecting Housing


    Characteristics of the Homeless Population

    Trends in Homelessness

    Attempts to Address Homelessness

    Housing Reform

    17. The Politics of Food Policy and Rural Life

    Hunger in the United States

    The Face of American Hunger

    Governmental Food Programs

    A Short History of Food Stamps and a Description of the Program

    Food Stamps: Who Is in the Program and What Does It Cost?

    Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)

    Other Food Programs

    Have the Food Programs Worked?

    Farming in the United States

    Governmental Farm Policies

    The Face of U.S. Farming


    Who Are America's Farmworkers?

    Issues in American Farming

    The Corporatization of American Farming

    Sustainable Agriculture


    18. The American Welfare State in International Perspective

    Typologies of Welfare States

    American Exceptionalism

    The Welfare State in Transition

    Ranking National Development

    The Weighted Index of Social Progress

    The Human Development Index

    Capability Poverty

    International Aid

    Global Capital

    The Future



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