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American Social Welfare Policy: A Pluralist Approach / Edition 5

American Social Welfare Policy: A Pluralist Approach / Edition 5

by Howard Karger

See All Formats & Editions

ISBN-10: 0205534988

ISBN-13: 9780205534982

Pub. Date: 10/08/2007

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.

Now featuring a full-color design, the best-selling text for policy analysis provides students with a comprehensive overview of social welfare policy in the United States while examining cutting-edge issues.

Thoroughly updated and revised to reflect the impact of dramatic changes in social welfare policy, the Fifth Edition continues to focus on how the major


Now featuring a full-color design, the best-selling text for policy analysis provides students with a comprehensive overview of social welfare policy in the United States while examining cutting-edge issues.

Thoroughly updated and revised to reflect the impact of dramatic changes in social welfare policy, the Fifth Edition continues to focus on how the major sectors of social welfare policy—the voluntary, governmental, and corporate sectors—operate and co-exist (the "pluralist approach"), while also offering a clear, user-friendly framework for policy analysis.

Highlights of the Fifth Edition:

  • NEW chapter on Religion and Social Policy examines the past and present relationship between religion and the creation and the implementation of social policy.
  • Chapter 4, "Discrimination in American Society," includes coverage of the minority middle class, a comprehensive examination of gay and lesbian marriage, and an updated section on immigration policies since September 11, 2001.
  • Chapter 5, "Poverty in America," includes a detailed section on the fringe economy, its impact on poverty, and a new section on Individual Development Accounts (IDAs) and the digital divide.
  • Chapter 8, "The Making of Governmental Policy," provides updates on special interests, lobbyists, and their influence on the 2004 election.
  • Chapter 9, "Tax Policy and Income Distribution," examines the impact of the Bush tax cuts on social welfare policy.
  • Chapter 11, "Public Assistance Programs," includes updated information on public assistance programs, including an evaluation of the effects of welfare reformlegislation and new changes to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF).
  • Chapter 16, "Housing Policies" includes new material on obstacles to homeownership, such as predatory home mortgages, increases in housing prices, and racial and class discrimination in home purchases.
  • A newly revised companion website with practice tests, flashcards, web links, and more! www.ablongman.com/karger5e.
Don’t Miss These Exciting Value-Added Options!

Themes of the Times for Social Welfare Policy
This collection of recent articles from the New York Times will give insight into current issues and debates, highlighting interesting research, and show some of the practical applications of studying social welfare policy. Themes of the Times for Social Welfare Policy is available FREE when packaged with this text: 0-205-46204-9.

Controversial Issues in Social Policy, 2/e, Karger, et al.
This text is an edited collection of contemporary social policy debates conducted between some of the foremost thinkers in the field of social work, as well as prominent authors in other fields. Jargon-free debates make the text easily accessible and interesting for students. The text stresses the importance of critical and independent thought in the educational process. Controversial Issues in Social Policy is available FREE when packaged with this text: 0-205-47167-6.

Product Details

Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Publication date:
Edition description:
Older Edition
Product dimensions:
8.22(w) x 10.24(h) x 1.04(d)

Table of Contents

Frontmatter in Research Navigator edition includes: 48 pages of additional material, featuring a chapter-by-chapter update on various policy issues, changes in Congress and legislation since publication of the 5/e in July 2005.  (Note: frontmatter numbered as RN-1, etc, so it does not affect the pagination of the original 5/e, therefore no need to change syllabi if currently using the 5/e of Karger). “Research Activities” at the end of each chapter in frontmatter to help students think critically about social welfare and conduct additional research in areas of interest.


New! An access code for Research Navigator is now included on the inside front cover. 



Each chapter concludes with “Conclusion,” “Discussion Questions,” and “Notes.”   






1. Social Policy and the American Welfare State.    


Definitions of Social Welfare Policy    


Social Problems and Social Welfare Policy  


Social Work and Social Policy   


Values, Ideology, and Social Welfare Policy   


The Political Economy of American Social Welfare   


The U.S. Economic Continuum   

Keynesian Economics   

Conservative or Free Market Economics   

Democratic Socialism   


The U.S. Political Continuum    

Liberalism and Left-of-Center Movements   

Classical Conservatives and the Far Right


The Welfare Philosophers and the Neoconservative Think Tanks    


2. Social Welfare Policy Research: a Framework for Policy Analysis.


A Proposed Model for Policy Analysis

Historical Background of the Policy   

Problem(s) That Necessitate the Policy

Policy Description   

Policy Analysis   


Researching and Analyzing Social Policies

Social Policy Research and the Internet

Journals and Online Research  

Online Data Collection  

Ethical Concerns Related to Online Research Involving Human Subjects  

Finding and Accessing Online Information  

Citing and Documenting Information Obtained Online  

Evaluating Reliable and Legitimate Internet Sources   

Electronic Journals: An Increasingly Popular Venue   

Online Publishing


3. Religion and Social Welfare Policy (by Howard Jacob Karger and Peter Kindle).


Religious Antecedents of Welfare Statism

The English Poor Laws

Church, State, and Social Welfare in Colonial America

The Second Great Awakening

The Civil War Era

The Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries


The Rise Of Social Work As A Profession

Urban Needs During Industrialization

Charity Organization Societies

Settlement Houses

The Social Casework Agency

The Progressive Movement


Religion and the Post-Industrial Welfare State

The Fundamentalist Controversy and Its Aftermath

The Great Depression and New Deal

Patterns of Religious Change

Religion and the New Media


The Reawakening of a Religious Social Conscience and the Great Society

The Continuing Decline of Mainline Influence    

The New Christian Right



4. Discrimination in American Society. 






The Minority Middle Class


Discrimination against African Americans          

The "Diswelfare" of African Americans   


Hispanic Americans    


The Demography of Hispanic Americans   

Hispanic Poverty and Income   

Diversity in the Hispanic Population   


Native Americans   


Asian Americans   


Immigrants and Immigration   


Women and Society    

Violence and Sexism   

The Feminization of Poverty   

Women and Low-Income Work   

Women and Work   

Income and Job Disparities between Men and Women   

Day Care: A Barrier to Female Employment   

Women in Uniform   

Other Obstacles Faced by Working Women   

                        Fighting Back: The Equal Rights Amendment and Comparable Worth   

Abortion and Women's Rights   


Gays and Lesbians: Two Populations at Risk   

Violence against Gays and Lesbians   

Gay Rights   

Gay and Lesbians in the Military   

Gay and Lesbian Family Life   

AIDS and the Gay Community  



The Elderly Poor and Social Programs   

Health Care and the Elderly   


People with Disabilities    


Legal Attempts to Remedy Discrimination   

Affirmative Action   


5.  Poverty in America.    


Some Theoretical Formulations about Poverty    

African Americans and Poverty   

The Culture of Poverty  

Eugenics and Poverty   

The Radical School and Poverty    


Who Make Up the Poor?    

U.S. Poverty Highlights   


Measuring Poverty   


Families and Poverty    

Child Support Enforcement   

Children in Poverty   

Poverty and the Elderly   


The Urban and Rural Poor   


Work and Poverty   

A Profile of the Working Poor   

Why Are There Working Poor?   

Underemployment and Unemployment   

Job Training Programs   

Dual Labor Markets   

The Minimum Wage and Poverty   


Strategies Developed to Combat Poverty    


Three Approaches to Combat Poverty


The Digital Divide


America’s Fringe Economy

The Unbanked and the Functionally Poor

Credit and the Poor

The Furniture and Appliance Rental Industry

Cash Loans


Car Title Pawns

Payday Loans

Tax Refund Loans (RALs)


Transportation in the Fringe Economy




6. The Voluntary Sector Today.


Structural Interests within Social Welfare    

Traditional Providers   

Welfare Bureaucrats   

Clinical Entrepreneurs   

Human Service Executives   

Marginal Interests   


The Forgotten Sector   


Advancing Social Justice    


Contemporary Nonprofit Human Service Organizations    

The United Way   

Elite Philanthropy   


The Future of the Voluntary Sector    


Faith-Based Social Services   

Social Entrepreneurship   


7. Privatization and Human Service Corporations.   


Concerns about Privatization

Privatizing Public Welfare  


Issues in the Privatization of Health and Human Services    


Preferential Selection   





The Challenge of Privatization    


Unions and the Private Sector   


Corporate Welfare   


History of the Corporate Sector   


Corporate Social Responsibility   


Corporate Influence on Social Welfare Policy    

The American Enterprise Institute (AEI)   

The Heritage Foundation   


The Future of Corporate Involvement in Social Welfare   


Human Service Corporations    

The Scope of Human Service Corporations   


Consolidation and Growth in Human Service Markets    

Nursing Homes   

Hospital Management   

Health Maintenance Organizations   

Child Care   

Home Health Care   


Life Care and Continuing Care   




8. The Making of Governmental Policy.    


Technical Aspects of the Policy Process   


A Critical Analysis of the Policy Process  


The Policy Process   

Social Stratification   






Non-Decision Making    


Social Workers and Social Reform   


Social Work and Advocacy Organizations

Advocacy Organizations and the New Policy Institutes  


Political Practice


9. Tax Policy and Income Distribution.   


History of U.S. Tax Policy  


Tax Policy and Special Interests   


Federal Tax Policy   


State Tax Policy and the Poor   


The Efficiency of Tax Policy in Reducing Poverty   


Tax Expenditures as Poverty Policy   


The Antitax Movement    


10. Social Insurance Programs.    


Definition of Social Insurance   


                The Background of Social Insurance   


                The Financial Organization of Social Insurance   


                Key Social Insurance Programs    


Unemployment Insurance   

Workers' Compensation   


                The Social Security Dilemma    

Arguments against the Current Social Security System   

Arguments for the Current Social Security System   

Social Security in Trouble   

The Long-Term Prospects for Social Security   

Proposed Solutions for Social Security   

Should We Privatize Social Security?   


11. Public Assistance Programs.    


Some Assumptions That Underlie Public Assistance    

Myths about Public Assistance   


Aid to Families with Dependent Children    

The Evolution of the AFDC Program   

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996   

State Welfare Reform Waivers   

Has the PRWORA Worked?

Proposed Changes in the TANF Program  


Supplemental Security Income   


General Assistance   


Trends and Issues in Public Assistance  

Transforming Public Assistance Policy into Labor Policy

Teenage Pregnancy   

The Underclass   

Welfare Behaviorism   

Welfare to Work   

The Inadequacy of Public Assistance Benefits   


Appendix: Highlights of Selected State Welfare Demonstration Projects, 2000


12. The American Health Care System.


The Uninsured


The Organization of Medical Services   


Major Public Health Care Programs: Medicare, Medicaid, and S-CHIP   



The State Children's Health Insurance Program (S-CHIP)   

The Tobacco Settlement   


The Health Care Crisis    

Overview of U.S. Health Care Expenditures   

U.S. Health Care in International Perspective 


Explaining the High Cost of U.S. Health Care    

Hospital Costs

Physicians' Salaries

The Pharmaceutical Industry


Cutting Health Care Costs    

Managed Care   

The Underinsured   


AIDS and Health Care    


Reforming U.S. Health Care    

Socialized Medicine   

National Health Insurance   

Incremental Reform   


Comparative Analysis: Health Care in Canada and Britain   

The Canadian Health Care System   

Britain's National Health Service   


13. Mental Health and Substance Abuse Policy    


Mental Health Reform   


The Community Mental Health Centers Acts   




The Revolving Door   


CMHCs under Siege   


Preventive Commitment   


Mental Health Service Delivery   


Parity for Mental Health Care   


Substance Abuse    

History of Substance Abuse   

Alcohol Abuse   

Drug Abuse   


Private Practice and Mental Health Services  

                        Private Practice in Social Work   

The Business of Private Practice   

The Future of the Private Sector   


14. Criminal Justice.    


History of U.S. Criminal Justice   


The Criminal Justice System   


Juvenile Justice   


The War on Drugs   


The Underclass and "Moral Poverty"   


Legalization of Drugs   


The "New Penology"   


The Future of Criminal Justice   


15. Child Welfare Policy.


History of U.S. Child Welfare Policy   


Protective Services for Children   


Foster Care for Children   




Head Start   


Emerging Issues in Child Welfare  

Day Care    

Maternal and Child Health   

Teen Pregnancy   


16. Housing Policies.   


Overview of Housing Legislation   


The Federal Government and Low-Income Housing Programs   


Issues in Housing Policy    

Trends in U.S. Housing   

Problems in Home Ownership   

Problems in Finding Affordable Rental Housing   

Other Factors Affecting Housing   



Characteristics of the Homeless Population  

Trends in Homelessness   

Attempts to Address Homelessness   


Housing Reform    

17. The Politics of Food Policy and Rural Life.    


Hunger in the United States    

The Face of American Hunger


Governmental Food Programs    

A Short History of Food Stamps and a Description of the Program   

Food Stamps: Who Is in the Program and What Does It Cost?   

Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)   

Other Food Programs

Have the Food Programs Worked?   


Farming in the United States    

Governmental Farm Policies

The Face of U.S. Farming   



Who Are America's Farmworkers?   


Issues in American Farming

The Corporatization of American Farming

Sustainable Agriculture   




18. The American Welfare State in International Perspective.    


Typologies of Welfare States   


American Exceptionalism   


The Welfare State in Transition   


Ranking National Development    

The Weighted Index of Social Progress   

The Human Development Index   


Capability Poverty  


International Aid   


Global Capital   


The Future   





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