American Women Scientists: 23 Inspiring Biographies, 1900-2000

American Women Scientists: 23 Inspiring Biographies, 1900-2000

by Moira Davison Reynolds


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For most of the 20th century, American women had little encouragement to become scientists. In 1906, there were only 75 female scientists employed by academic institutions in the entire country. Despite considerable barriers, determined women have, however, decidedly distinguished themselves.
Three examples: Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon discovered five novas and over 300 other stars. Mathematician and computer scientist Grace Hopper helped invent the COBOL language. Anesthesiologist Virginia Apgar devised the now universally used Apgar score to make a rapid evaluation of a newborn’s condition just after delivery.
Of the 23 American women scientists covered, six were awarded Nobel prizes. Each biography is accompanied by a photograph. A bibliography and an index complete the work.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780786421619
Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
Publication date: 10/12/2004
Pages: 159
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.32(d)
Age Range: 18 - 17 Years

About the Author

The late Moira Davison Reynolds, a retired biochemist, wrote about women who made significant contributions to United States culture, including several books about activists, artists, authors and scientists. She lived in Marquette, Michigan.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Illustrations ix

Preface and Acknowledgments 1

Introduction 3

Cornelia Clapp 5

Nettie Stevens 9

Florence Bascom 13

Annie Jump Cannon 18

Alice Hamilton 22

Florence Sabin 31

Josephine Baker 36

Mary Swartz Rose 42

Karen Horney 46

Libbie Hyman 54

Gerty Cori 58

Helen Taussig 63

Barbara McClintock 69

Virginia Apgar 77

Maria Goeppert Mayer 81

Grace Hopper 88

Rita Levi-Montalcini 95

Rachel Carson 104

Chien-Shiung Wu 112

Ruth Sager 119

Gertrude Elion 123

Rosalyn Yalow 129

Mary Good 135

Epilogue 139

Bibliography 143

Index 147

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