America's Japanese Hostages

America's Japanese Hostages

by Thomas Connell


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America's Japanese Hostages by Thomas Connell

Connell uncovers a little known World War II top secret program. The United States demanded that Latin American governments deport—or allow the United States to take—anyone of Japanese ancestry and place them in camps in Texas and New Mexico. The plan was to trade them for American civilians held by the Japanese.

Although Peru was the most enthusiastic participant in this program, expelling nearly 5,000 Peruvian citizens of Japanese ancestry, other Latin American countries participated as well. Connell traces the reasons for prejudice and discrimination, the specific programs, and the post-war efforts of those held in American relocation camps to secure restitution. Through the wide use of oral interviews as well as documents, Connell shows the very human side of this effort, which in many ways parallels the discrimination Americans of Japanese ancestry faced during the war. This book provides a thorough and intriguing story of interest to general readers as well as scholars, students, and other researchers involved with World War II and Latin American history.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780275975357
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date: 07/01/2002
Series: Praeger Studies on Ethnic and National Identities in Politics Series
Pages: 320
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.88(d)

About the Author

THOMAS CONNELL is Vice President of Interlink Consulting Services, Inc.

Table of Contents



Setting the Stage

Peruvian Hostility Toward the Japanese

The Program Begins to Take Shape

Diplomatic Machinations

Attack on Peruvian Japanese Businesses

The Rio Conference and Emergency Advisory Committee

The First Shipment

More Shipments, More Camps

Deportees and Diplomats

War Unites the Americas!

Crystal City Internment Camp

Uniform Proof of Subversive Acts

Women and Children Last

The Beginning of the End

Changing Conditions

Hemispheric Threat: Shindo Remmei

Another New Beginning

Final Legal Struggle for Release



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