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America's New Democracy / Edition 3

America's New Democracy / Edition 3


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America's New Democracy / Edition 3

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780321355232
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 07/15/2005
Series: Penguin Academics Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 581
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Morris P. Fiorina is Professor of Political Science and Senior Fellow of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. He has published numerous books, including Representatives, Rolls, and Constituencies; Congress – Keystone of the Washington Establishment; and most recently Culture War: The Myth of a Polarized America. Fiorina has served on the editorial boards of a dozen journals in the field of political science, economics, law, and public policy, and he is a member of the National Academy of Sciences.

Paul E. Peterson is the Henry Lee Shattuck Professor of Government and Director of the Center for American Political Studies at Harvard University. He received the Woodrow Wilson Award from the American Political Science Association for his book City Limits, and the Aaron Wildavsky Award for the best book on public policy for his The Price of Federalism. Peterson is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Bert Johnson is an Assistant Professor of Political Science at Middlebury College. He received his B.A. from Carleton College and his Ph.D. from Harvard University. Johnson has written on federalism, intergovernmental relations, and campaign finance.

William G. Mayer is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Northeastern University. He has authored numerous publications, including In Pursuit of the White House 2000: How We Choose Our Presidential Nominees, "Mass Partisanship, 1946-1996," and Divided Democrats: Ideological Unity, Party Reform, and Presidential Elections. Mayer’s areas of study include American politics, public opinion, and the media.

Table of Contents

Preface xix

Part 1 Foundations of America's New Democracy 1

Chapter 1 Democracy in the United States 3

A Unique Conception of Democracy 5

Elections Are Plentiful 9

The Permanent Campaign 12

Evaluating America's New Democracy 20

Chapter Summary 21

Key Terms 21

Suggested Readings 22

On the Web 22

Chapter 2 The U.S. Constitution 23

Influences on the U.S. Constitution 26

The Constitutional Convention 31

The First National Election 38

Evaluating the Constitution 40

Chapter Summary 42

Key Terms 43

Suggested Readings 43

On the Web 44

Chapter 3 Federalism 45

The Trend Toward Centralized Government 47

State and Local Government 56

Chapter Summary 66

Key Terms 67

Suggested Readings 67

On the Web 67

Part 2 Channels of Influence in America's New Democracy 69

Chapter 4 American Political Culture 71

Social Diversity 74

Philosophical Unity 84

Why a Liberal Political Culture? 93

Chapter Summary 96

Key Terms 97

Suggested Readings 97

On the Web 97

Chapter 5 Public Opinion 98

Sources of Public Opinion 100

Measuring Public Opinion 101

Governing by Public Opinion? 109

Chapter Summary 119

Key Terms 120

Suggested Readings 120

On the Web 120

Chapter 6 The Media 122

Media Influence on Public Opinion 124

Mass Media and the Election Connection 136

Chapter Summary 141

Key Terms 142

Suggested Readings 142

On the Web 142

Chapter 7 Individual Participation 143

A Brief History of the Franchise in the United States 145

International Comparisons of Voter Turnout 148

Why Americans Vote Less Often Than in the Past 153

Is Low Turnout a Problem? 158

Outside the Voting Booth 163

Chapter Summary 164

Key Terms165

Suggested Readings 165

On the Web 166

Chapter 8 National Elections 167

Voting Behavior: The Importance of Elections 170

Can Reforms Improve the System? 182

Chapter Summary 199

Key Terms 200

Suggested Readings 200

On the Web 201

Chapter 9 Political Parties and Interest Groups 202

Political Parties: A Necessary Evil? 204

Parties Versus Interest Groups 217

Interest Groups: A Biased Chorus? 217

Chapter Summary 231

Key Terms 232

Suggested Readings 232

On the Web 233

Part 3 The Institutions of America's New Democracy 235

Chapter 10 The Congress 237

The Organization of Congress 239

How a Bill Becomes a Law 252

The Congressional Career 255

Evaluating Congress 258

Chapter Summary 263

Key Terms 263

Suggested Readings 263

On the Web 264

Chapter 11 The Presidency 265

Presidential Constituencies 267

The President's Limited Powers 270

The Presidential Advisers 285

The Two Presidencies 289

Evaluating Presidents 292

Chapter Summary 295

Key Terms 295

Suggested Readings 296

On the Web 296

Chapter 12 The Bureaucracy 297

Structure of the Federal Bureaucracy 301

America's Particularly Political Bureaucracy 302

Outside Influences on the Executive Branch 309

Policy Implementation 317

Chapter Summary 329

Key Terms 329

Suggested Readings 330

On the Web 330

Chapter 13 The Judiciary 331

The Federal Court System 333

The Power of Judicial Review 345

State Courts 355

Chapter Summary 358

Key Terms 359

Suggested Readings 359

On the Web 359

Part 4 Outputs from America's New Democracy 361

Chapter 14 Civil Liberties 363

Origins of Civil Liberties in the United States 366

Selective Incorporation 366

Freedom of Expression 368

Freedom of Religion 374

The Right to Privacy 379

Criminal Justice 382

Chapter Summary 388

Key Terms 388

Suggested Readings 389

On the Web 389

Chapter 15 Civil Rights 390

Civil Rights: More Than Just a Race Thing 393

African Americans and the Importance of Voting Rights 395

The Civil Rights of Ethnic Minorities 407

Gender, Sexuality, and Civil Rights 410

Rights of Americans with Disabilities 414

Chapter Summary 417

Key Terms 417

Suggested Readings 417

On the Web 418

Chapter 16 Public Policy 419

Setting Public Policy 421

Domestic Policy 423

Economic Policy 431

Foreign and Defense Policy 441

Chapter Summary 447

Key Terms 447

Suggested Readings 447

On the Web 448

Appendix 449

The Declaration of Independence 449

The Constitution of the United States of America 453

The Federalist No. 10 472

The Federalist No. 51 478

Presidents of the United States 482

Glossary 484

Endnotes 501

Photo Credits 549

Name Index 551

Subject Index 557

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