America's Religions

America's Religions

by Peter W. Wiliams

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Overview

America's Religions by Peter W. Wiliams

In a review in the Journal of Religion, the famed Martin Marty characterized Peter Williams as "a productive wonder" and America's Religions: Traditions and Cultures as "a rich resource for readers who would like a 'state of the art' comment on the abundant religious phenomena which surround them".

Writing in Religion and American Culture, Stephen J. Stein said the book is "not a story of religion in isolation from the rest of American life", but a work that has as a major emphasis the theme of Americanization, of the symbiotic relationship between religions and cultures.

Williams's book widely considered the best of its kind, is a comprehensive introduction to the religious history of the United States and the traditions out of which it arose, from colonial times through the late twentieth century. Now including an updated bibliography, it presents descriptions of major religious traditions and introduces distinctive American innovations. Included are not only Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, but African American, Native American, and Asian American traditions. The peace churches, "liberal" churches, and Mormonism also are discussed.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780252066979
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
Publication date: 03/28/1998
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 488
Product dimensions: 5.93(w) x 9.17(h) x 1.04(d)

Table of Contents

TOPICAL GUIDE TO CHAPTERS xvii
PART I The Traditions 1(90)
A. Oral Traditions 1(17)
INTRODUCTION 1(1)
Chapter 1. The Varieties of Native American Religious Life
2(11)
Chapter 2. The African Background of New World Religions
13(5)
B. The Mediterranean Matrix 18(46)
INTRODUCTION 18(1)
1. JUDAISM AND THE EMERGENCE OF HISTORICAL RELIGION 19(18)
Chapter 3. The Jewish Tradition
19(7)
Chapter 4. From the Religion of the Hebrews to the Restoration of Israel
26(11)
2. CHRISTIANITY EAST AND WEST 37(27)
Chapter 5. The Eastern Orthodox Tradition
37(7)
Chapter 6. The Roman Catholic Tradition
44(9)
Chapter 7. Western Catholicism from the Time of Constantine
53(11)
C. The Reformation Era: The Sundering of Western Christendom and the Emergence of the Protestant Traditions 64(27)
INTRODUCTION 64(1)
Chapter 8. The Lutheran Tradition
65(9)
Chapter 9. The Anglican Tradition
74(8)
Chapter 10. Calvinism and the Reformed Tradition
82(5)
Chapter 11. The Radical Reformation and the Anabaptist Tradition
87(4)
PART II Colonial America: Europeans, Colonials, and Traditional Peoples Before the Revolution 91(68)
INTRODUCTION 91(2)
Chapter 12. Colonial Anglicans
93(2)
Chapter 13. New England Puritans
95(12)
Chapter 14. Presbyterians and Other Reformed Churches
107(8)
Chapter 15. The Society of Friends (Quakers)
115(7)
Chapter 16. John Wesley and the Rise of Methodism
122(4)
Chapter 17. The Great Awakening and the Baptist Tradition
126(9)
Chapter 18. The Origins of Modern Religious Liberalism
135(5)
Chapter 19. Anabaptists and Pietists in Pennsylvania
140(4)
Chapter 20. Jews and Catholics in Colonial America
144(5)
Chapter 21. Christian Missions to the North American Indians
149(10)
PART III Religious Community Formation in the New Republic 159(68)
INTRODUCTION 159(2)
A. Toward Independence 161(5)
Chapter 22. The Revolution and the Constitution
161(5)
B. White Evangelicalism 166(26)
Chapter 23. The Second Great Awakening(s)
166(8)
Chapter 24. Moral Reform, Antislavery, and Civil War
174(9)
Chapter 25. The Culture of Antebellum Evangelicalism
183(9)
C. Alternative Protestant Patterns 192(12)
Chapter 26. Liturgical Protestantism: Lutherans and Episcopalians in Changing Worlds
192(7)
Chapter 27. Religion in the Slave Community
199(5)
D. "Freedom's Ferment": New Religious Movements 204(23)
Chapter 28. Unitarianism, Transcendentalism, and Universalism
204(6)
Chapter 29. New World Space and Time: Restorationist, Millennial, and Communitarian Movements
210(9)
Chapter 30. New World Revelation: Joseph Smith and the Rise of the Mormons
219(8)
PART IV The End of the Frontier and the Rise of the City 227(94)
INTRODUCTION 227(3)
A. The Adjustments of Protestantism 230(45)
Chapter 31. Victorian Evangelicals
230(9)
Chapter 32. Protestant Liberalism and the Social Gospel
239(9)
Chapter 33. Episcopalian Renaissance
248(4)
Chapter 34. Reactions to Modernity: Fundamentalism, Holiness, Pentecostalism
252(13)
Chapter 35. Religion in the South
265(10)
B. Traditions in Transition: European Immigrants 275(21)
Chapter 36. Nineteenth-Century Catholicism: From Ethnic Pluralism to Institutional Unity
275(9)
Chapter 37. Eastern Christianity in America
284(4)
Chapter 38. Ethnic Diversity and the Development of Jewish Denominationalism
288(8)
C. Old and New Frontiers 296(25)
Chapter 39. Native American New Religions
296(6)
Chapter 40. Black Nationalism and New Urban Religions
302(5)
Chapter 41. Health, Wealth, and Metaphysics
307(14)
PART V The Twentieth Century: Further Encounters with Modernity and Pluralism 321(116)
INTRODUCTION 321(2)
Chapter 42. Neo-Orthodoxy and Ecumenism: The Foundations of "Mainline" Protestantism
323(10)
Chapter 43. "Mainline" Protestantism in the Later Twentieth Century
333(18)
Chapter 44. Conservative Protestantism: Culture and Politics
351(10)
Chapter 45. Traditions and Structures in the American Jewish Community
361(4)
Chapter 46. Jewish Identity and Jewish Culture in Twentieth-Century America
365(9)
Chapter 47. Vatican II and the End of the Catholic "Ghetto"
374(8)
Chapter 48. Roman Catholic Education, Thought, and Culture
382(9)
Chapter 49. Black Christianity: "Eyes on the Prize"
391(7)
Chapter 50. Mormons and the "Mainstream"
398(8)
Chapter 51. Liberalism, Radicalism, and Secularism
406(9)
Chapter 52. Asian Traditions and New Religions
415(14)
Chapter 53. Toward 2001: America's Religious Odyssey at the End of the Twentieth Century
429(8)
BIBLIOGRAPHY 437(30)
INDEX 467

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