An Archaeology of Resistance: Materiality and Time in an African Borderland studies the tactics of resistance deployed by a variety of indigenous communities in the borderland between Sudan and Ethiopia. The Horn of Africa is an early area of state formation and at the same time the home of many egalitarian, small scale societies, which have lived in the buffer zone between states for the last three thousand years. For this reason, resistance is not something added to their sociopolitical structures: it is an inherent part of those structuresa mode of being. The main objective of the work is to understand the diverse forms of resistance that characterizes the borderland groups, with an emphasis on two essentially archaeological themes, materiality and time, by combining archaeological, political and social theory, ethnographic methods and historical data to examine different processes of resistance in the long term.
About the Author
Alfredo González-Ruibal was formerly Assistant Professor in the Department of Prehistory, Complutense University of Madrid. He is now an archaeologist with the Institute of Heritage Studies (Incipit) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), which is a group of over fifty people focusing on the study of cultural heritage as a scientific problem. González-Ruibal is the editor of Reclaiming Archaeology: Beyond the Tropes of Modernity (2013), book of essays from a diverse array of archaeologists who have dealt in one way or another with modernity, including scholars from non-Anglophone countries who have approached the issue in original ways during recent years, as well as contributors from other fields who engage in a creative dialogue with archaeology and the work of archaeologists.
Table of ContentsTABLE OF CONTENTS
Outline of the book.
Chapter 1. Time and materiality.
1.1. Archaeological ethnographies.
1.2. Archaeologies of resistance.
1.3. The Archaeology of Borderlands
Chapter 2. Ecology of a shatter zone.
2.3. Deep rurals and peasants.
2.4. Bandits, missionaries and travelers.
Chapter 3. Direct action against the state: the Gumuz.
3.1. Resisting the state north of the Blue Nile.
3.2. The enemy’s point of view: origin myths, things and knowledge.
3.3. Making a community of equals: technology, consumption, exchange.
3.4. Bodies of resistance.
3.5. A sense of danger.
Chapter 4. Between domination and resistance: the Bertha.
4.2. A fractured identity.
4.3. Double belief: Between paganism and Islam.
4.4. Double materiality.
4.5. Double performance.
Chapter 5. Of mimicry and Mao.
5.1. The making of a subaltern people.
5.2. Invisibility and hybridity.
5.3. The gender of resistance.
5.4. A space for resistance.
5.5. Remembering the forest.
Epilogue and Conclusions
About the Author.