An Early Neolithic Village in the Jordan Valley, Part I: The Archaeology of Netiv Hagdud

An Early Neolithic Village in the Jordan Valley, Part I: The Archaeology of Netiv Hagdud

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Overview

The “Neolithic Revolution” in Southwestern Asia involved major transformations of economy and society that began during the Natufian period in the southern Levant and continued through Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) and into Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB). The authors describe that process at Netiv Hagdud, with additional material from the Natufian site of Salibiya IX. Includes reports on the archaeology, lithics, bone tools, lithic use-wear, marine shells, burials, and plant remains.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780873655477
Publisher: Harvard
Publication date: 05/21/1997
Series: American School of Prehistoric Research Bulletins , #43
Pages: 280
Product dimensions: 7.75(w) x 10.62(h) x (d)

About the Author

Ofer Bar-Yosef is MacCurdy Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology, Emeritus, at Harvard University.

Table of Contents

1. The Physical Environment of Netiv Hagdud

Erella Hovers

GEOLOGY

The Samaria Hills

The Lower Samaria Hills

The Jordan Valley

GEOMORPHOLOGY

CLIMATE

SOILS

VEGETATION

FAUNA

Fish

Amphibians

Reptiles

Birds

Mammals

RECONSTRUCTION OF THE PPNA ENVIRONMENT

BIBLIOGRAPHY

2. Salibiya IX

Dahlia Enoch-Shiloh and Ofer Bar-Yosef

STRATlGRAPHY

FLINT INDUSTRY

Tools

Debitage

Discussion

GROUND STONE OBJECTS

BONE OBJECTS

PENDANTS AND BEADS

MUD FRAGMENT

HUMAN FIGURINE

A COMPARISON OF LITHIC INDUSTRIES

Lithic Types

Summary

CONCLUSIONS

BIBLIOGRAPHY

3. The Excavations of Netiv Hagdud: Stratigraphy and Architectural Remains

Ofer Bar-Yosef and Avi Gopher

THE ARCHITECTURAL REMAINS

The Upper Area

The Deep Sounding

The Eastern Area

The Western Test Pit

Comments on the Stratigraphy of the Upper Area

Preservation, Radiocarbon Dates, and Wood Remains

The Nature of the Deposits in Netiv Hagdud

BIBLIOGRAPHY

4. The Chipped Stone Industry of Netiv Hagdud

Dani Nadel

TECHNOLOGY

Raw Material: Flint Types

Heat Treatment

Cores and Debitage

Summary of Technology

TYPOLOGY

Points

Awls-Borers

Sickle Blades

Bifacial Tools

Scrapers

Burins

Hagdud Truncations

Retouched and Truncated Blades

Microliths

Geometric Microliths

Notches and Denticulates

Double Tools

Varia

Used Pieces

Obsidian Assemblage

SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF FLINT ARTIFACTS

Locus Types

Densities of Artifacts

Discussion (Restricted Index)

Summary

A NOTE ON THE KHIAMIAN

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

APPENDICES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

5. Ground Stone Tools and Other Stone Objects from Netiv Hagdud

Avi Gopher

METHODOLOGY

THE GROUND STONE ASSEMBLAGE

Pestles

Processors (Manos)

Bowls

Grinding Slabs

Cupholes

Grooved Items

Perforated Items

Polished Axes, Celts

Pallets

Elongated, Used Pebbles

Flaked Limestone Items

Hammerstones/Pounders

Fragments

Flakes

Varia

Beads and Decorative Items

DISCUSSION

APPENDIX

BIBLIOGRAPHY

6.1. Miscellaneous Finds: The Human Figurines from Netiv Hagdud

Ofer Bar-Yosef and Avi Gopher

THE NETIV NAGDUD FIGURINES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

6.2. Miscellaneous Finds: The Bone Artifacts from Netiv Hagdud

Douglas V Campana

THE BONE ARTIFACTS

Points on Halved Metapodial Shafts

Broken Undetermined Points and Point Tips

Small Spatulate-Tipped Objects

Small Perforated Object

Large Sparulate Implements

Decorative Piece

Varia

DISCUSSION

BIBLIOGRAPHY

6.3. Miscellaneous Finds: The Marine Shells from Netiv Hagdud

Daniella B. Bar-Yosef Mayer

DESCRIPTION OF SHELL FINDS

Gastropods

Scaphopods

Bivalves

DISCUSSION

6.4. Miscellaneous Finds: The Obsidian Artifacts from Netiv Hagdud

Joseph Yellin

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

BIBLIOGRAPHY

6.5. Miscellaneous Finds: A Note on the Perishable Finds from Netiv Hagdud

Tamar Schick

DISCUSSION

BIBLIOGRAPHY

7. The Human Remains from Netiv Hagdud

Anna Belfer-Cohen and Baruch Arensburg

INVENTORY AND DESCRIPTION OF THE BURIALS

Homo 2 (Grave II)

Homo 3 (Grave III)

Homo 4 (Grave III)

Homo 5 (Grave IV)

Homo 6 (Grave V)

Homo 7 (Grave VI)

Homo 8 (Grave VII)

Homo 9 (Grave VIII)

Homo 10 (Grave IX)

Homo 11 (Grave X)

Homo 12 (Grave XI)

Homo 13 (Grave XII)

Homo 14 (Grave XIII)

Homo 15 (Grave XIV)

Homo 16 (Grave XV)

Homo 17 (Grave XVI)

Homo 18 (Grave XVII)

Homo 18a (Grave XVII)

Homo 19 (Grave XVIII)

Homo 20 (Grave XIX)

Homo 21 (Grave XX)

Homo 21a (Grave XX)

Homo 22 (Grave XXI)

Homo 23 (Grave XXII)

Homo 24 (Grave XX)

Homo 25-Homo 27

Varia

DISCUSSION

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

BIBLIOGRAPHY

8. Early Agriculture and Paleoecology of Netiv Hagdud

Mordechai B. Kislev

THE PLANT REMAINS

Aizoaceae

Anacardiaceae

Boraginaceae

Caryophyllaceae

Chenopodiaceae

Compositae

Cruciferae

Fagaceae

Fumariaceae

Geraniaceae

Gramineae

Maivaceae

Moraceae

Papilionaceae

Plantaginaceae

Polygonaceae

Primulaceae

Ranuncuiaceae

Rosaceae

Verbenaceae

DISCUSSION

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

BIBLIOGRAPHY

9. The Fauna of Netiv Hagdud: A Summary

Pitan Tchernov

THE FAUNA

DISCUSSION

BIBLIOGRAPHY

10. Discussion

Ofer Bar-Yosef and Awl Gopher

PALEOENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS AND THE LEVANTINE CORRIDOR

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