An Inclusive Academy: Achieving Diversity and Excellence

An Inclusive Academy: Achieving Diversity and Excellence

by Abigail J. Stewart, Virginia Valian

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Overview

How colleges and universities can live up to their ideals of diversity, and why inclusivity and excellence go hand in hand.

Most colleges and universities embrace the ideals of diversity and inclusion, but many fall short, especially in the hiring, retention, and advancement of faculty who would more fully represent our diverse world—in particular women and people of color. In this book, Abigail Stewart and Virginia Valian argue that diversity and excellence go hand in hand and provide guidance for achieving both.

Stewart and Valian, themselves senior academics, support their argument with comprehensive data from a range of disciplines. They show why merit is often overlooked; they offer statistics and examples of individual experiences of exclusion, such as being left out of crucial meetings; and they outline institutional practices that keep exclusion invisible, including reliance on proxies for excellence, such as prestige, that disadvantage outstanding candidates who are not members of the white male majority.

Perhaps most important, Stewart and Valian provide practical advice for overcoming obstacles to inclusion. This advice is based on their experiences at their own universities, their consultations with faculty and administrators at many other institutions, and data on institutional change.Stewart and Valian offer recommendations for changing structures and practicesso that people become successful in waysthat benefit everyone.They describe better ways of searching for job candidates; evaluating candidates for hiring, tenure, and promotion; helping faculty succeed; and broadening rewards and recognition.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780262037846
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 07/17/2018
Series: The MIT Press
Pages: 528
Sales rank: 498,069
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.50(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Abigail Stewart is Sandra Schwartz Tangri Distinguished University Professor of Psychology and Women's Studies at the University of Michigan. She is the coauthor ofTheorizing Feminism: Parallel Trends in the Humanities and Social Sciences.

Virginia Valian is Distinguished Professor of Psychology, Linguistics, and Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences at Hunter College and the CUNY Graduate Center. She is the author ofWhy So Slow: The Advancement of Women and coauthor of An Inclusive Academy: Achieving Diversity and Excellence (both published by the MIT Press).

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Preface: Why This Book? xiii

I Why an Inclusive Academy Is Difficult to Achieve: Individual and Institutional Perspectives 1

1 Academic Ideals: What Keeps Some Out of Reach? 3

2 The Benefits of Diversity and Inclusion 41

3 Understanding Inequities: The Role of Schemas 71

4 How Careers Progress for Different Groups: Observational Data and Alternate Accounts 121

II How to Achieve an Inclusive Academy 167

5 Recruiting New Faculty: Developing a Diverse Pool and an Equitable Search Process 169

6 Evaluating job Candidates: Choosing the Short List and Treating Interviewees Equitably 201

7 Retaining Faculty: Building Community in the Academic Workplace 243

8 Facilitating Faculty Success 289

9 Evaluating and Promoting Faculty 325

10 Recognizing Faculty Accomplishments 373

11 Changing Institutions: The Roles of Formal Leaders, Informal Leaders, and All Faculty 415

Conclusion: Making Institutional Changes That Last 449

Author Index 461

Subject Index 481

What People are Saying About This

Endorsement

"This important book comes at the right time for all of us working to promote inclusive excellence in higher education. The authors offer concrete steps to recruit, retain, and promote diverse and successful faculty, focusing on women and underrepresented minorities. Stewart and Valian powerfully show how academic leaders can change institutional culture and practices to create positive change and improve performance.—Marvin Krislov, President, Pace University

From the Publisher

“Achieving a faculty which is both excellent and representative of the communities that they serve is one of the most important challenges currently facing U.S. universities. This marvelous book presents a comprehensive scholarly compendium of the reasons why this has been so difficult for universities, together with practical strategies for moving forward. These include distinct actions by senior administrators, chairs, individual faculty, search committees and the faculty candidates themselves."

Robert Birgenau, Chancellor Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley

“As the academy, like every institution in our society, faces a perfect storm of our own making – the agonizingly slow pace with which we have leveraged the full, increasingly diverse talent pool in our midst – we need more than ever the can-do wisdom of those scholar-leaders who for decades have innovated to build an inclusive academy – and here it is, a comprehensive, evidence-based guidepost that both unpacks how we got where we are as a status quo, and shows us a variety of new paths to take as individuals and as institutions, faculty and administrators committed to excellence. The principles Stewart and Valian articulate about the schemas that undergird the inequities we have come to see as “natural,” are profound, even as the steps they urge us to take in hiring and supporting and promoting and rewarding a diverse professoriate are every bit practical and within reach – laying a powerful foundation for real institutional change that will last, to all our benefit. This is a must read for all who care, for both pragmatic and ethical reasons, about diversity and inclusion in these times of challenge and opportunity.”

Nancy Cantor, Chancellor, Rutgers University - Newark

“Valian & Stewart's book on building an inclusive academy is brave, given the contentious issues involved, and sorely needed, given the importance of the challenge. Their pragmatic, evidence-based examination of the many ways in which biases can creep into our hiring and evaluation systems will, and should, provide rich fodder for discussions throughout the academy, from faculty lounges to presidential cabinet meetings. Especially appreciated is their conviction that the changes needed are both structural and individual. This is not just a book addressed to administrators, it is addressed to all of us who want to play our part in achieving excellence and diversity in our fields of study and in our universities.”

Ana Mari Cauce, President, University of Washington

"This important book comes at the right time for all of us working to promote inclusive excellence in higher education. The authors offer concrete steps to recruit, retain, and promote diverse and successful faculty, focusing on women and underrepresented minorities. Stewart and Valian powerfully show how academic leaders can change institutional culture and practices to create positive change and improve performance.

Marvin Krislov, President, Pace University

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