Introduction to Fossils and Minerals

Introduction to Fossils and Minerals

Hardcover(REVISED)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780816042364
Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
Publication date: 08/01/2001
Series: Living Earth
Edition description: REVISED
Pages: 288
Sales rank: 1,002,149
Product dimensions: 7.50(w) x 9.40(h) x 0.60(d)
Age Range: 12 - 17 Years

Table of Contents

Tablesvii
Acknowledgmentsix
Forewordxi
Introductionxiii
1The Earth's History: Understanding Our Planet's Past1
The Precambrian Era
The Paleozoic Era
The Mesozoic Era
The Cenozoic Era
The Pleistocene Ice Age
2Clues to the Past: the Principles of Paleontology24
Keys to the History of Life
Evidence for Evolution
Mass Extinctions
Geologic Age Dating
The Geologic Time Scale
3Rock Types: the Rock-Forming Process50
Igneous Rocks
Sedimentary Rocks
Metamorphic Rocks
4Fossil Formation: the Preservation of Past Life75
The Fossil Family Tree
The Sedimentary Environment
Fossil Preservation
Tracks, Trails, and Footprints
5Marine Fossils: Creatures Preserved From the Sea100
Protistids
Sponges
Coelenterates
Bryozoans
Brachiopods
Mollusks
Annelids
Arthropods
Echinoderms
Vertebrates
6Terrestrial Fossils: Creatures Preserved From the Land124
Land Plants
Amphibians
Reptiles
Dinosaurs
Birds
Mammals
7Crystals and Minerals: Basic Building Blocks of Rocks147
Crystals
Identification of Minerals
The Rock-Forming Minerals
Ore Deposits
8Gems and Precious Metals: Minerals of Great Value171
Quartz Gems
Transparent Gems
Opaque Gems
Diamonds
Gold and Silver
Precious Metals and Rare Earths
9The Rare and Unusual: Rocks With Unique Properties194
Rocks that Follow the Sun
Minerals that Reverse Themselves
Halos of Stone
Whistling Stones
Stone Pillars
Minerals that Glow in the Dark
Lightning Fast Glass
Stones from the Sky
10Where Fossils and Minerals are Found217
Fossil-Bearing Rocks
Mineral-Bearing Rocks
Geologic Maps
Collecting Fossils and Minerals
Glossary242
Bibliography253
Index261

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