ISBN-10:
0226439585
ISBN-13:
2900226439586
Pub. Date:
10/28/1984
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Analysis of Animal Bones from Archeological Sites / Edition 1

Analysis of Animal Bones from Archeological Sites / Edition 1

by Richard G. Klein

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900226439586
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Publication date: 10/28/1984
Series: Prehistoric Archeology and Ecology Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 273
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author


Richard G. Klein is professor of anthropology and evolutionary biology at the University of Chicago. His previous books include Ice-Age Hunters of the Ukraine, also published by the University of Chicago Press. Kathryn Cruz-Uribe is assistant professor of anthropology at Northern Arizona University.

Table of Contents

Series Editors' Foreword
Preface
Part One - The Analysis of Archeological Bone Assemblages
1. The Interpretation of Fossil Faunas
Fossil Samples and Populations
Controlling Comparisons among Fossil Assemblages
Problems in "Controlling" for the Collector
Controlled Comparisons vs Taphonomy
2. The First Steps in Analysis: Sorting, Identification, Sexing, Aging, and Measurement
The Mammalian Skeleton: Terminology
Identifiable and Nonidentifiable Bone
Identification
Sexing and Aging
Measurement
3. Quantifying Taxonomic Abundance
Introduction
Indexes of Species Abundance
The Number of Identified Specimens (NISP)
The Minimum Number of Individuals (MNI)
More on NISPs and MNIs
Modified MNIs
Meat Weight Estimates
The Petersen Index
Summary and Conclusion
4. Sex and Age Profiles of Fossil Species
The Utility of Sex and Age Determination
Determination of Sex
Determination of Age: Ephphyseal Fusion versus Dental Criteria
Determining Individual Age from Teeth
Ungulate Crown Height and Age
Some Problems in Constructing Age Profiles from Crown Heights
Interpretation of Age Profiles
Discontinuities in Age Distributions
5. Interpreting NISPs, MNIs, Age/Sex Profiles, and Descriptive Statistics in Faunal Analysis
Skeletal Element Representation
The Transformation from the Death Assemblage to the Deposited Assemblage
The Transformation from the Deposited Assemblage to the Fossil Assemblage
Species Abundance
Species Abundance and Changes in Environment
Species Abundance and Cultural Change
Species Abundance and Assemblages Created by Carnivores
Age and Sex Profiles
Age/Sex Profiles and Collector Behavior: Example 1
Age/Sex Profiles and Collector Behavior: Example 2
Age/Sex Profiles and Collector Behavior: Example 3
Age/Sex Profiles of a Fossil Species and Its Population Dynamics
Mean Individual Size
Mean Individual Size and Climate
Size Variation and Human Predation Pressure
Conclusion
Part Two - BASIC Programs for the Analysis of Animal Bones from Archeological Sites
Some Technical Features Common to All the Programs
6. Computing the Minimum Number of Individuals in a Fossil Sample: Programs MNI, BONECODE, DENTCODE, and SKELDIV
The Assumptions behind MNI: Skeletal Parts Other Than Dentitions
The Assumptions behind MNI: Dentitions
File Names
Entry of Skeletal Parts Other Than Dentitions: Program BONECODE
Entry of Dentitions: Program DENTCODE
How MNI Deals with Indeterminacy: Skeletal Parts Other Than Dentitions
How MNI Deals with Indeterminacy: Dentitions
The Entry of Skeletal Part Divisors: Program SKELDIV
A Sample Session with MNI
The Results of an MNI Session
7. Computing Age Profiles from Dental Crown Heights: Programs AGEPROF, DENTDATA, CRNHGT, and SMIRNOV
File Names
Data Entry: Program DENTDATA
Automatic Entry of Age and Crown Height Parameters: Program CRNHGT
A Sample Session with AGEPROF
Results of an AGEPROF Session
Comparing Age Profiles: Program SMIRNOV
8. Computing Descriptive Statistics from Measurements of Bones and Teeth: Programs BONESTAT and BONEDATA
File Names
Entry of Bone Measurements: Program BONEDATA
A Sample Session with BONESTAT
The Results of a BONESTAT Session
Appendix. The Principal Variables Used in the Program MNI
References
Index

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