Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

ISBN-10:
0199570302
ISBN-13:
9780199570300
Pub. Date:
10/18/2009
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

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Overview

Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees


Animal life, now and over the past half billion years, is incredibly diverse. Describing and understanding the evolution of this diversity of body plans - from vertebrates such as humans and fish to the numerous invertebrate groups including sponges, insects, molluscs, and the many groups of worms - is a major goal of evolutionary biology. In this book, a group of leading researchers adopt a modern, integrated approach to describe how current molecular genetic techniques and disciplines as diverse as palaeontology, embryology, and genomics have been combined, resulting in a dramatic renaissance in the study of animal evolution.

The last decade has seen growing interest in evolutionary biology fuelled by a wealth of data from molecular biology. Modern phylogenies integrating evidence from molecules, embryological data, and morphology of living and fossil taxa provide a wide consensus of the major branching patterns of the tree of life; moreover, the links between phenotype and genotype are increasingly well understood. This has resulted in a reliable tree of relationships that has been widely accepted and has spawned numerous new and exciting questions that require a reassessment of the origins and radiation of animal life. The focus of this volume is at the level of major animal groups, the morphological innovations that define them, and the mechanisms of change to their embryology that have resulted in their evolution. Current research themes and future prospects are highlighted including phylogeny reconstruction, comparative developmental biology, the value of different sources of data and the importance of fossils, homology assessment, character evolution, phylogeny of major groups of animals, and genome evolution. These topics are integrated in the light of a 'new animal phylogeny', to provide fresh insights into the patterns and processes of animal evolution.

Animal Evolution provides a timely and comprehensive statement of progress in the field for academic researchers requiring an authoritative, balanced and up-to-date overview of the topic. It is also intended for both upper level undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in animal evolution, molecular phylogenetics, evo-devo, comparative genomics and associated disciplines.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780199570300
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 10/18/2009
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 264
Product dimensions: 7.40(w) x 9.60(h) x 0.50(d)

About the Author

Max Telford completed his D.Phil at the University of Oxford in 1993. After a year working in Paris he spent 6 years as a research fellow at The Natural History Museum before taking up a Wellcome Trust Research Career Development Fellowship in Cambridge in 2000. He moved back to London in 2003 and is now Reader in Zoology in the Department of Biology, University College London. He has two principle related research interests; in metazoan molecular systematics, which provides the essential evolutionary framework for all comparative zoology and in comparative developmental (Evo-devo) studies principally in the arthropods.

Tim Littlewood completed his PhD at the University of the West Indies and received his DSc from the University of Manchester. He has worked at The Natural History Museum since 1991 where he worked as a Wellcome Senior Research Fellow (1996-2005) and is currently an Individual Merit Researcher in the Department of Zoology. His research programme includes a study of the evolution of parasitism in flatworms, comparative mitogenomics and the wider applications of phylogenetics amongst a variety of animal groups over a range of taxonomic levels.

Table of Contents

Foreword by Peter W. H. Holland
Introduction by Maximilian J. Telford & D. Timothy J. Littlewood

I. Origins of animals
Chapter 1 The earliest fossil record of the animals and its significance by Graham E. Budd
Chapter 2 The Ediacaran emergence of bilaterians: congruence between the genetic and the geologic fossil records by Kevin J. Peterson, James A. Cotton, James G. Gehling & Davide Pisani
Chapter 3 Genomic, phylogenetic, and cell biological insights into metazoan origins by Scott A. Nichols, Mark, J. Dayel & Nicole King
Chapter 4 The mouth, the anus and the blastopore - open questions about questionable openings by Andreas Hejnol & Mark Q. Martindale

II. The Bilateria
Chapter 5 Metazoan body plan origins: the larval revolution by Rudolf A. Raff
Chapter 6 Assembling the spiralian tree of life by Gonzalo Giribet, Casey W. Dunn, Gregory D. Edgecombe, Andreas Hejnol, Mark Q. Martindale & Greg W. Rouse
Chapter 7 The evolution of nervous system centralisation by Detlev Arendt, Alexandru S. Denes, Gáspár Jékely & Kristin Tessmar-Raible
Chapter 8 The origins and evolution of the Ecdysozoa by Maximilian J. Telford, Sarah J. Bourlat, Andrew Economou, Daniel Papillon & Omar Rota-Stabelli
Chapter 9 Deciphering deuterostome phylogeny: molecular, morphological and palaeontological perspectives by Andrew B. Smith & Billie J. Swalla
Chapter 10 Molecular genetic insights into deuterostome evolution from the direct-developing hemichordate Saccoglossus kowalevskii by Christopher J. Lowe

III. Themes and Perspectives
Chapter 11 Invertebrate Problematica: kinds, causes, and solutions by Ronald A. Jenner & D. Timothy J. Littlewood
Chapter 12 Improvement of molecular phylogenetic inference and the phylogeny of Bilateria by Nicolas Lartillot & Hervé Philippe
Chapter 13 Beyond linear sequence comparisons: the use of genome-level characters for phylogenetic reconstruction by Jeffrey L. Boore & Susan I. Fuerstenberg
Chapter 14 The animal in the genome: comparative genomics and evolution by Richard R. Copley
Chapter 15 MicroRNAs and metazoan phylogeny: big trees from little genes by Erik A. Sperling & Kevin J. Peterson
Chapter 16 The evolution of developmental gene networks: lessons from comparative studies on holometabolous insects by Andrew D. Peel
Chapter 17 Conserved developmental processes and the evolution of novel traits: wounds, embryos, veins, and butterfly eyespots by Patrícia Beldade & Suzanne V. Saenko
Foreword, Peter W.H. Holland
Introduction, Maximilian J. Telford & D. Timothy J. Littlewood
I. Origins of animals
1. The earliest fossil record of the animals and its significance, Graham E. Budd
2. The Ediacaran emergence of bilaterians: congruence between the genetic and the geologic fossil records, Kevin J. Peterson, James A. Cotton, James G. Gehling & Davide Pisani
3. Genomic, phylogenetic, and cell biological insights into metazoan origins, Scott A. Nichols, Mark, J. Dayel & Nicole King
4. The mouth, the anus and the blastopore - open questions about questionable openings, Andreas Hejnol & Mark Q. Martindale
II. The Bilateria
5. Metazoan body plan origins: the larval revolution, Rudolf A. Raff
6. Assembling the spiralian tree of life, Gonzalo Giribet, Casey W. Dunn, Gregory D. Edgecombe, Andreas Hejnol, Mark Q. Martindale & Greg W. Rouse
7. The evolution of nervous system centralisation, Detlev Arendt, Alexandru S. Denes, Gáspár Jékely & Kristin Tessmar-Raible
8. The origins and evolution of the Ecdysozoa, Maximilian J. Telford, Sarah J. Bourlat, Andrew Economou, Daniel Papillon & Omar Rota-Stabelli
9. Deciphering deuterostome phylogeny: molecular, morphological and palaeontological perspectives, Andrew B. Smith & Billie J. Swalla
10. Molecular genetic insights into deuterostome evolution from the direct-developing hemichordate Saccoglossus kowalevskii, Christopher J. Lowe
III. Themes and Perspectives
11. Invertebrate Problematica: kinds, causes, and solutions, Ronald A. Jenner & D. Timothy J. Littlewood
12. Improvement of molecular phylogenetic inference and the phylogeny of Bilateria, Nicolas Lartillot & Hervé Philippe
13. Beyond linear sequence comparisons: the use of genome-level characters for phylogenetic reconstruction, Jeffrey L. Boore & Susan I. Fuerstenberg
14. The animal in the genome: comparative genomics and evolution, Richard R. Copley
15. MicroRNAs and metazoan phylogeny: big trees from little genes, Erik A. Sperling & Kevin J. Peterson
16. The evolution of developmental gene networks: lessons from comparative studies on holometabolous insects, Andrew D. Peel
17. Conserved developmental processes and the evolution of novel traits: wounds, embryos, veins, and butterfly eyespots, Patrícia Beldade & Suzanne V. Saenko

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