Animal Experimentation: A Guide to the Issues

Animal Experimentation: A Guide to the Issues

by Vaughan Monamy

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Overview

What are the moral and ethical dimensions of animal research? What obligations do we have toward our animal subjects?

In this important new book, students, researchers, and interested general readers will find a non-intimidating, readily comprehensible introduction to all the principal ethical issues and arguments in the animal experimentation debate. Vaughn Monamy covers the history and ethics of experimentation; discusses the moral status of animals and the obligations of researchers; and introduces alternatives to animal research. He does justice to both the arguments that support and oppose animal experimentation, making this a balanced and objective study of a critical issue in contemporary biomedical science.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781316614945
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 02/17/2017
Pages: 136
Sales rank: 1,228,331
Product dimensions: 5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x (d)

About the Author

Dr Vaughan Monamy is a senior lecturer in environmental science and environmental ethics at the Australian Catholic University in Sydney. In 2007 he was awarded an Australian Government Carrick Institute Citation for outstanding contributions to student learning, as well as his university annual Excellence in Teaching award.

Table of Contents

Preface to the second edition ix

Acknowledgements xi

1 Issues in animal experimentation 1

Aims 1

Definitions 6

Scope 6

2 A history of animal experimentation 8

The origins of vivisection in Europe 8

Prevailing humanist attitudes to animals 9

The rise of modern biomedical studies 11

3 Opposition to animal experimentation 15

Introduction 15

Early opposition 15

Utilitarianism and the rise of popular concern 17

Revolution during the nineteenth century 19

Beyond Britain: opposition in the USA into the twentieth century 26

4 The moral status of animals 35

On the moral status of animals 35

Moral arguments based on reason 40

Ethics: room for emotion? 49

Moral stewardship 54

Summary 56

5 Animal use 58

How are animals used? 58

Fundamental and applied biological research 58

Genetic research 60

Behavioural research 61

Education and training 62

Production of useful biological and therapeutic materials 62

Product testing 63

6 The regulation of experiments 64

Laws governing humane use of laboratory animals 64

United Kingdom 65

Australia and New Zealand 67

United States of America 69

Summary 72

7 Seeking alternatives 74

Introduction 74

Replacement, reduction and refinement 75

Alternatives to non-human vertebrates in scientific research 77

8 Conclusions 98

The Construction of a modern research institution 98

Ethical guidelines for students in laboratory classes involving the use of animals or animal tissues 102

References 104

Index 113

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