This TWENTY-EIGHTH EDITION of ANNUAL EDITIONS: HEALTH provides convenient, inexpensive access to current articles selected from the best of the public press. Organizational features include: an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites; an annotated table of contents; a topic guide; a general introduction; brief overviews for each section; a topical index; and an instructor's resource guide with testing materials. USING ANNUAL EDITIONS IN THE CLASSROOM is offered as a practical guide for instructors. ANNUAL EDITIONS titles are supported by our student website.
Table of ContentsUNIT 1. Promoting Healthy Behavior Change
Psychology Today, March/April 2005
While college is a place to learn and grow, for many students it becomes four years of
sleep deprivation, poor
nutrition, and excessive use of
alcohol. While the negative
health behaviors of college students are detrimental to their overall health, there is evidence that engaging in these poor health habits can be devastating to learning and memory.
Family Community Health, vol. 29, no. 1S, 2006
health promotion a phenomenon that’s relevant mostly to white middle-class individuals? Do health care providers consider culture and socioeconomic status when making assumptions about how different people perceive health and health promotion? Alexandra Garcia encourages health promoters to consider the social issues relevant to their patients’ health and to develop programs based on these issues.
3. Putting a Premium on Health, John Dorschner,
The Miami Herald, May 15, 2005
Employers look for ways to reduce healthcare costs by rewarding employees with
healthy lifestyles with lower premiums and other benefits such as free membership to gyms. For those with
unhealthy behaviors such as
smoking, many companies are charging them higher rates for
Hallie Levine offers speedy ways to make health behavior changes and lower your
cancer risk—including overeating, sedentary lifestyle,
smoking, sun exposure, and too little calcium.
UNIT 2. Stress and Mental Health
Newsweek, October 3, 2005
Physician Dean Ornish believes that loneliness fosters cardiovascular disease. He maintains the antidote is love and intimacy since love protects hearts in ways that aren’t completely understood.
6. Enough to Make You Sick?, Helen Epstein,
New York Times Magazine, October 12, 2003
In poor urban neighborhoods, diseases that typically affect the elderly are afflicting the young. A combination of lifestyle and the
stress of living in poverty may cause higher rates of
heart disease, asthma, and
7. Are You OK?,
Consumer Reports on Health, February 2005
The emotional symptoms that can negatively impact
health and well being are often minimized. Staying
emotionally healthy, overcoming barriers to treatment, and treatment options are addressed.
Harvard Mental Health Letter, February 2006
Attention deficit disorder, the most common childhood psychiatric disorder, is believed to be a brain malfunction. Children diagnosed with the disorder often receive little more than medications rather than the ongoing care of a physician.
9. Dealing with Demons, Christopher Conte,
Governing, August 2004
public health campaigns against
smoking or unsafe
sexual practices are common,
suicide is not often managed in the same way. Several states, however, are starting to see suicide as a preventable condition.
10. Too Young to be Stressed, Aparna Bagdi,
Childhood Education, Summer 2004
A recent study indicated that over one-third of children ages 8-14 are
stressed enough to need medical help.
UNIT 3. Nutritional Health
Newsweek, January 17, 2005
Nutritional geonomics is the interaction of what a person eats and their genetic material. If doctors in the future will be able to take genetic profiles of their patients, they could determine who would benefit from eating certain foods.
Consumer Reports, February 2006
Should consumers pay more to buy
organic foods? And what are the chemical health risks of foods produced conventionally? New studies have shown that eating food grown or produced organically can reduce exposure to chemicals and pesticides found in food grown conventionally.
FDA Consumer, November/December 2003
Genetically engineered foods show promise in addressing world hunger and they are
nutritionally similar to conventionally grown foods. They are opposed by many consumer groups, however, because these foods are suspected of causing allergic reactions.
14. What Does Science Say You Should Eat?, Brad Lemley,
Discover, February 2004
Harvard scientist, Dr. Walter Willett, recommends that consumers abandon the conventional food pyramid and adopt a new way of eating. The new pyramid distinguishes good
fats from bad fats and refined versus whole-grain
carbohydrates. Willett’s diet is linked to reduced incidences of
Newsweek, March 13, 2006
How do consumers determine what to believe when it comes to
nutrition? Some articles claim all fat is bad, but others tout the benefits of good
fats. This article discusses the many conflicting articles and how to make sense of the media hype surrounding nutritional recommendations.
UNIT 4. Exercise and Weight Management
Today’s Dietitian, March 2005
exercise is important for good health, for some individuals who overdo it, exercise may be harmful. Exercise abusers, like individuals with eating disorders, often display signs such as exercising secretively or hiding or lying about exercise. Exercise abuse can also cause a variety of physical complaints including injuries, disruption of menstrual cycles, and infertility.
17. The Female Triad, Lola Ramos and Gregory L. Welch,
American Fitness, May/June 2004
The female triad is a combination of three conditions related to
exercise training and include disordered eating, amenorrhea, and
osteoporosis. The three components of the triad pose serious health concerns for young athletic women. To counter the triad, it is suggested that a
wellness environment that supports sound physical training and nutritional habits is important.
Nutrition Action Health Letter, July/August 2005
During the past 40 years, Americans have reduced their
sleep time by one to two hours per night. Too little sleep may make you hungry, especially for rich, caloric foods, and may cause your body to store calories more effectively. Researchers believe that sleep affects hormones that regulate hunger, satiety, and metabolism.
Natural History, February 2005
The current trend of serving supersize meals and portions to inactive children is contributing to an epidemic of childhood
obesity. Among children, overweight or obesity can lead to lifelong weight problems and all associated medical problems. While genes play a role, much obesity is related to eating more calories than are expended.
20. Why We’re Losing the War Against Obesity, Louise Witt,
American Demographics, December 2003/January 2004
The majority of Americans are overweight and/or
obese, but what is more alarming is that an increasing number of children and teenagers are overweight. As these children grow up, their obesity-related health problems will have huge implications for our society.
UNIT 5. Drugs and Health
Forbes, June 20, 2005
It’s estimated that over 700 billion dollars on medications for senior citizens will be spent by the government. Nathan Vardi wonders how much of this huge sum will be wasted or stolen.
State Legislatures, April 2005
Every year up to 1,400 college students die from
alcohol-related causes, mostly drinking and driving. Frequent drinkers are also eight times more likely to miss a class, fall behind in school work, damage property, and/or become injured while drinking. Legislatures try to find answers to the problems associated with
binge drinking among young people.
23. Just Say No Again: The Old Failures of New and Improved Anti-Drug Education, Renee Moilanen,
Reason, January 2004
Many drug education programs attempt to discourage all
drug use, which may not be realistic. Alternatives include promoting safer use of
drugs, for example, avoid drinking and driving.
FDA Consumer, May/June 2003
Since 1992, the Food and Drug Administration has received more than 20,000 reports of
medication errors, which are thought to be responsible for about 7,000 deaths each year. Steps to reduce medication errors are addressed in this article.
U.S. News & World Report, January 10, 2005
While pain medicine offers sufferers relief, there is also a potential risk. As many pain medicines such as Vioxx are removed from pharmacies, it’s harder and harder to find adequate treatment for individuals who suffer from chronic
UNIT 6. Sexuality and Relationships
Psychology Today, September/October 2005
Liza Featherstone asks what couples can do about
pornography if it becomes an explosive issue. Many men and women consider viewing porn a harmless activity while others believe it undermines their
The New York Times, November 17, 2005
For some sex educators and parents, it’s never too early to begin teaching children about the facts of life. Jody Kantor reports on parents who are teaching
sex education to children as young as two and three.
28. It’s Just Mechanics, Ziauddin Sardar,
New Statesman, January 1, 2005
Ziauddin Sardar addresses changes in
sexual practices and behaviors and the role of new drugs such as Viagra to treat
29. Promiscuous Plague, Karen Testerman,
The World & I, March 2004
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are the single greatest
health threat affecting young people today. Karen Testerman addressed the fact that youth are allowed to believe that safe sex exists and that
STDs are not a major health threat. In reality, many STDs are incurable and can lead to cancer and infertility.
UNIT 7. Preventing and Fighting Disease
30. ’Diabesity,’ a Crisis in an Expanding Country, Jane E. Brody,
The New York Times, March 29, 2005
Jane Brody asks why we don’t have a national initiative to address the
diabetes epidemic that is closely related to the increasing obesity problem in the United States. Unfortunately, too many people don’t take the disease seriously even though it can cause serious and sometimes fatal side effects.
31. The Battle Within: Our Anti-Inflammation Diet, Michael Downey,
Better Nutrition, February 2005
Michael Downey discusses the relationship between paper cuts, spicy foods, stubbed toes, and
colon cancer or
Alzheimer’s disease. It appears that these diseases are related to the long-term effects of
inflammation on the body.
The Humanist, January/February 2005
According to Epstein, the war against
cancer is being fought using early screening, treatment, and research. He believes that we should be focusing on cancer prevention via reducing avoidable exposures to cancer causing agents in the environment. The budget for prevention is minuscule compared to treatment and research which, according to the author, this is where the bulk of funding should go.
Newsweek, May 15, 2006
Ten years ago, Americans considered AIDS to be the nation’s most critical health issue. Today, less than 20% believe it’s our major concern. David Jefferson looks at the past twenty years of living with AIDS.
34. The Puzzling Origins of AIDS, Jim Moore,
American Scientist, November/December 2004
Jim Moore explores how
HIV, which has apparently coexisted with humans for millennia, suddenly and relatively recently crossed over into humans. He identifies four competing theories and discusses their validity and controversy. He also believes that understanding the origins of
AIDS may help prevent the next disease pandemic.
UNIT 8. Health Care and the Health Care System
Science, June 10, 2005
Increasingly, pharmacists have refused to fill
prescriptions for certain drugs which violate their personal beliefs. In particular, women seeking prescriptions filled for
birth control pills and morning after pills have increasingly been turned away. The authors believe that all pharmacies should be required to dispense all drugs regardless of their personal beliefs.
36. A High Dose of Tech, Rob Turner,
U.S. News & World Report, August 2, 2004
While we live in a technically advanced society, many hospitals have been reluctant to embrace modern systems that could positively impact
health care. Many health centers and hospitals are still writing prescriptions by hand and keeping paper records. Both of these practices can lead to medication and other errors.
U.S. News & World Report, January 31/February 7, 2005
Health care specialists/providers who are not medical doctors are seeking greater medical power and control. These specialists, including
pharmacists, nurse practitioners, psychologists, and chiropractors, have become more prominent and often work alongside doctors. As these professionals move into areas once managed solely by physicians, medical turf wars have begun. Both sides bring up issues such as access to care and patient safety.
38. Putting a Value on Health, Don Peck,
The Atlantic Monthly, January/February 2004
One way to stop escalating health care costs is to admit that we already ration
health care and then figure out a better way to manage rationing.
UNIT 9. Consumer Health
The New York Times, November 17, 2005
dentists are concerned that their patients may be overexposing themselves to bleach-based teeth whiteners. While dentists generally consider whitening to be a safe procedure, they don’t believe that tooth bleaching should be considered a daily grooming aid. There is also concern that continuous whitening will make teeth more sensitive and may cause permanent damage to both
teeth and gums.
40. Making an Informed Decision about Breast Implants, Carol Rados,
FDA Consumer, September/October 2004
Though the safety of breast implants remains controversial, the demand is higher than ever among women who want to increase their breast size or restore breasts after a mastectomy. Choosing implants, for whatever reason, is a decision that should be made only after a woman fully understands and acknowledges the potential harm and the importance of follow-up medical care.
41. How to Ease Your Pain,
Consumer Reports on Health, February 2005
In September of 2004, the painkilling drug Vioxx was withdrawn from the market due to concerns about increased heart attack risks among users. Other pain relievers such as Celebrex, Aleve, and Bextra may also be a risk factor for heart attacks leaving pain sufferers fewer drugs to ease their symptoms. This article identifies ways to manage both acute and chronic pain and also addresses safe ways to use pain killers.
Harvard Magazine, July/August 2005
Since the invention of the electric light bulbs, humans have gotten less and less
sleep. It appears that sleeping well keeps people alive longer and death from all causes is lowest among adults who get seven to eight hours of sleep regularly and significantly higher among those who sleep less than seven hours or more than nine hours.
UNIT 10. Contemporary Health Hazards
The New York Times, March 28, 2006
While avian or bird flu is frequently in the news, is it inevitable that it will cause a human global pandemic?
Avian flu primarily affects birds though when humans develop the disease, it can be deadly. The disease kills approximately 50% of its known human victims, a very high rate.
Newsweek, May 1, 2006
Diseases such as mumps, once thought to be nearly eradicated, are making comebacks. Those most at risk appear to be college students in the Midwest. Other ‘vintage’ diseases including whooping cough and scarlet fever are also increasing. There are a variety of reasons including ineffective vaccines, lack of immunization, and the imperfect nature of
45. Agencies Work to Corral Mad Cow Disease, Linda Bren,
FDA Consumer, May/June 2004
Mad Cow Disease, which has ravaged the British beef industry for over 20 years, has recently made its U.S. debut. The nature of the
prion, the agent at the root of the condition, has made scientists realize how difficult it will be to control the safety of the food supply.
Prions are transmitted to cattle through their feed and humans who eat the infected animals can develop a variant of Creutzfeld-Jakob disease, a neurological disorder.
Environmental Health Perspectives, January 2006
Residents of the Gulf Coast were left with a range of environmental health hazards including standing floodwater, lack of safe drinking water, untreated sewage, chemical spills, insect infestation, contaminated and unsafe food, growth of toxic mold, and other sources of
hazardous waste. In addition, post traumatic
stress may also be a serious health issue in that region.