This Twenty-Third Edition of ANNUAL EDITIONS: DRUGS, SOCIETY, AND BEHAVIOR provides convenient, inexpensive access to current articles selected from the best of the public press. Organizational features include: an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites; an annotated table of contents; a topic guide; a general introduction; brief overviews for each section; a topical index; and an instructor’s resource guide with testing materials. USING ANNUAL EDITIONS IN THE CLASSROOM (ISBN-13:9780073301907/ISBN-10:0073301906)is offered as a practical guide for instructors. ANNUAL EDITIONS titles are supported by our student website, www.mhcls.com/online.
Table of Contents
UNIT 1. Living with Drugs
1. Over the Limit, Nancy Shute, U.S. News & World Report, April 23, 2007
From triple-shot lattes to Red Bull to Ritalin, Americans are more wired than ever. Here’s why it may be harmful to your health.
2. Smoking, Drugs, Obesity Top Health Concerns for Kids, Medical News Today, May 6, 2007
Concern about kids’ health, on the roads, at school, and even on line is a given. This article discusses some of today’s biggest worries relative to kids and drugs.
3. Living the High Life, Karenza Moore and Steven Miles, Drugs and Alcohol Today, August 2005
The vast majority of young drug users see drug use as a positive experience. Read this article and discover the views the authors hold regarding the social roles of drug use.
4. Methamphetamine Abuse: A Perfect Storm of Complications, Timothy W. Lineberry and J. Michael Bostwick, Mayo Clinic Proceedings, January 2006
In this article, physicians Lineberry and Bostwick provide a detailed summation of the medical impacts of methamphetamine use across America.
5. HIV Apathy, Zach Patton, Governing, February 2007
New drugs have changed HIV from a terminal to a chronic illness. To counter complacency, health officials are pushing to make testing more widespread.
6. Not Invented Here, Tinker Ready, Fast Company, April 2007
Drug companies must aggressively compete for the best and the brightest scientists to pioneer new drug discoveries. This article provides an inside look into the billion dollar industry of pharmaceutical recruiting.
7. Did Prohibition Really Work? Jack S. Blocker, Jr., American Journal of Public Health, February 2006
This article discusses the legacies of Prohibition from diverse historical perspectives. Is failure the correct word to associate with this complex social process?
8. Vice Vaccines, Christen Brownlee, Science News, February 10, 2007
How scientists give a shot in the arm to the fight against smoking, drug abuse, and obesity.
9. Pass the Weed, Dad, Marni Jackson, Maclean’s, November 7, 2005
Parents smoking dope with their kids—what are they thinking? Marni Jackson discusses the reality of children whose parents used marijuana and the effects this has on them.UNIT 2. Understanding How Drugs Work—Use, Dependency, and Addiction
10. Reducing the Risk of Addiction to Prescribed Medications, Brian Johnson et al., Psychiatric Times, April 15, 2007
Mistreating pain, particularly that complicated by insomnia, anxiety, and stress can lead to drug addiction. This article discusses the detailed considerations for treating a patient’s pain and reducing the risk of addiction.
11. Predicting Addiction, Lisa N. Legrand, William G. Iacono, and Matt McGue, American Scientist, March-April 2005
The science of behavioral genetics has used twins and time to decipher the origins of addiction to help learn who is most vulnerable. Some markers of risk are analyzed.
12. Better Ways to Target Pain, Gary Stix, Scientific American, January 2007
Improved understanding of the chemical pathway on which drugs like aspirin and vioxx work may lead to the development of pain killing drugs with fewer side effects.
13. The Effects of Alcohol on Physiological Processes and Biological Development, Alcohol Research and Health, vol. 28, no. 3, 2004/2005
This article summarizes the physiological effects of alcohol on adolescents. To what degree is early drinking related to biological changes that influence one’s later liability for addiction?
14. A Small Part of the Brain, and Its Profound Effects, Sandra Blakeslee, The New York Times, February 6, 2007
In a startling discovery, some people who had sustained injury to a small portion of the brain were able to give up smoking instantly. According to neuroscientists, the insula is a long over-looked region of the brain that may prove critical to understanding the chemistry of addiction.
15. The Changing Science of Pain, Mary Carmichael, Newsweek, June 4, 2007
Millions of aging Boomers and the latest generation of wounded soldiers hope that the secrets of the most enduring human foe can be unlocked. What are the implications of this new science for understanding addiction?
16. The Toxicity of Recreational Drugs, Robert S. Gable, American Scientist, May/June 2006
“All things are poisons, for there is nothing without poisonous qualities. It is only the dose which makes a thing a poison.” Paracelsus (1493–1541). To what degree does a scientific understanding of a drug’s pharmacology influence a person’s decision to use it?
17. Stress and Drug Abuse, Science World, March 12, 2007
How your mind and your body respond to stress is believed to be one of the important influences on becoming addicted to drugs. This article briefly discusses some of the latest research, and provides some advice about handling stress.
18. Does Cannabis Cause Psychosis or Schizophrenia?, Drugs and Alcohol Today, August 2005
While most agree that there are links between cannabis use and psychosis and cannabis use and schizophrenia, the verdict is not in. This article discusses some recent findings.UNIT 3. The Major Drugs of Use and Abuse
19. Methamphetamine Abuse, Teena McGuinness, American Journal of Nursing, December 2006
Meth, Speed, Crank, Biker Dope, Hillbilly Crack: No matter what you call it, there is no question that methamphetamine has changed the nature of drug use in America.
20. Mexico Drug Cartels Reap Big Profits from Meth, Laurence Iliff, Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service, April 29, 2007
The FBI says that Mexican drug cartels are responsible for producing over 80 percent of the methamphetamine consumed in the United States. While Mexican authorities argue with American law enforcement agents about who’s mostly responsible for production, a steady pipeline of drugs continues to flow north.
21. The Taliban’s Opium War, Jon Lee Anderson, The New Yorker, July 9 and 16, 2007
As the Taliban continues to reap financial support from some of the most aggressive opium producing regions in the world, U.S. officials express frustration at the complexities of eradicating a target in plain sight.
22. The Opposite Result, Karen DeYoung, The Washington Post National Weekly Edition, December 11–17, 2006
In spite of U.S. efforts to eradicate Afghanistan’s opium fields, a bumper crop pours through. According to CIA Director, Michael Hayden, “It’s almost the devil’s own problem.”
23. The Teen Drinking Dilemma, Barbara Kantrowitz and Anne Underwood, Newsweek, June 25, 2007
While some parents let their kids drink alcohol at home, others argue that it simply sets the stage for perpetuating a culture of alcohol abuse.
24. An Update on the Effects of Marijuana and Its Potential Medical Use, Sherwood O. Cole, Forensic Examiner, Fall 2005
While the public continues to be bombarded with information about the effects and usefulness of marijuana, author Sherman Cole attempts to clarify some of the reasons fueling these debates.UNIT 4. Other Trends in Drug Use
25. Fentanyl-Laced Street Drugs “Kill Hundreds”, David Boddiger, The Lancet, August 12, 2006
With street names such as Drop-Dead, Flatline, and Lethal Injection, Fentanyl-laced heroin and cocaine are pushed by dealers as the ultimate high. This article discusses how hundreds have been killed by the new mix.
26. A Nation Without Drunk Driving, Janet Dewey-Kollen, Law & Order, April 2007
Rather than continuing to allow bad decisions made by people with alcohol-soaked brains to cause almost 40% of all U.S. traffic fatalities, representatives from MADD discuss the use of technology to eliminate driving under the influence.
27. Some Cold Medicines Move Behind the Counter, Linda Bren, FDA Consumer, July/August 2006
Some over-the-counter cold and allergy medicines are being locked up as pharmacies nationwide are asked to join the fight against illegal drug production.
28. Drug Addiction, Ezekiel J. Emanuel, The New Republic, July 3, 2006
The relationship between toxic drugs and cancer is inextricable and often painful. This article discusses some of the difficult dilemmas faced by doctors, cancer victims, and families.
29. The Right to a Trial, Jerome Groopman, The New Yorker, December 18, 2006
In a companion article, author Jerome Groopman presents the complications of using experimental drugs to save lives.
30. New Study Shows 1.8 Million Youth Use Inhalants, Teddi Dineley Johnson, The Nation’s Health, May 2006
While overall drug use among young people has gone down the last four years, rates of children abusing inhalants rose sharply. The reasons for this are discussed.
31. Teens and Prescription Drugs, Office of the National Drug Control Policy, Executive Office of the President, February 2007
Among young people, prescription drugs have become the second most abused illegal drug. This publication provides some of the most recent survey data to describe this significant new drug trend.
32. Studies Identify Factors Surrounding Rise in Abuse of Prescription Drugs by College Students, Lori Whitten, National Institute on Drug Abuse, March 2006
This study’s findings suggest that students enrolled in the most selective colleges have high levels of past-year stimulant abuse. What variables are contributing to this trend?UNIT 5. Measuring the Social Costs of Drugs
33. The Role of Substance Abuse in U.S. Juvenile Justice Systems and Populations, Heather Horowitz, Hung-En Sung, and Susan E. Foster, Corrections Compendium, January/February 2006
Nearly 89 percent of juvenile arrests involve children and teens who are under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol. This article includes some discussion of the variables that influence this.
34. Sobering Thoughts, Doreen Major Ryan, Doreen M. Bonnett, and Callie B. Gass, American Journal of Public Health, December 2006
In an attempt to refuel public awareness of this dangerous condition, one organization outlines an agenda for reducing the number of children born with FASD.
35. Students with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Darcy Miller, Teaching Exceptional Children, March/April 2006
In this third article about fetal alcohol syndrome, author Darcy Miller provides a guide for educators to update knowledge and improve school programs that must address the host of issues expressed by children who suffer from FASD.
36. Keep Your Older Patients Out of Medication Trouble, Sherrill A. Shepler, Tracy A. Grogan, and Karen Steinmetz Pater, Nursing, 2006, Volume 36, Number 9
This article discusses why aging puts people at greater risk for adverse drug reactions and what clinicians can do to lessen that risk.
37. My Spirit Lives, Roxanne Chinook, Social Justice, Vol. 31, No. 4, 2004
This personal narrative reflects the reality of life for many contemporary Native American women: violence, addiction, and fear.
38. The Problem With Drinking, Cheryl Harris Sharman, Perspectives in Health, vol. 10, no. 1, 2005
The abuse of alcohol is an international issue. The wider problem of alcohol in the Americas is discussed in this article. Is this a good example of a world-wide epidemic of alcohol abuse?
39. High on the Job, Michael A. Gips, Security Management, February 2006
Drug dealers in the workplace are becoming increasingly common and difficult to identify. This article discusses the impact of drugs in the American workplace.UNIT 6. Creating and Sustaining Effective Drug Control Policy
40. ReorientingU.S. Drug Policy, Jonathan P. Caulkins and Peter Reuter, Issues in Science and Technology, Fall 2006
Authors Jonathan Caulkins and Peter Reuter argue that the nature and extent of the illegal drug problems in the United States have changed during the past two decades, and that U.S. drug policy needs to adjust to these changes. Do you agree?
41. Is Drug Testing of Athletes Necessary?, Matthew J. Mitten, USA Today, November 2005
Matthew Mitten argues that imposing drug-testing programs on sports organizations is wrong. The federal government disagrees. Who should police performance enhancing drug use by professional athletes?
42. Medical Marijuana, Compassionate Use, and Public Policy, Peter J. Cohen, Hastings Center Report, May/June 2006
Although cannabis has been used as a therapeutic agent throughout history, it has never been submitted to the FDA for approval. Would it pass the test?
43. Researchers Explore New Visions for Hallucinogens, Susan Brown, The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 8, 2006
After a long hiatus, medical investigators return to studying the benefits of once banned compounds. Does this conflict with current federal drug policy?
44. State’s Evidence, Will Baude, The New Republic, June 7, 2005
In response to California’s medical use of marijuana, the Supreme Court lays down the law relative to federal authority over state marijuana laws.
45. Durbin, Grassley Introduce Bipartisan Bill to Combat Meth, Capitol Hill Press Release, May 3, 2007
As methamphetamine abuse spreads across the country exceeding even crack epidemic proportions, many in government say that federal government officials have had their heads in the sand. This is a proposal of some new legislation.
46. How to Stand Up to Big Tobacco, Noreena Hertz, New Statesman, June 12, 2006
Five hundred million people will die of smoking-related diseases in the next fifty years. Poor households in Morocco spend more on tobacco than on health and education combined. Can taxation of tobacco products derail this?UNIT 7. Prevention, Treatment, and Education
47. Keeping Drug Prevention for Kids ‘Real’, Michael L. Hecht and Amber Johnson, Behavioral Health Management, November/December 2005
This article explains how a culturally grounded substance abuse prevention curriculum can help make kids an integral part of a successful program.
48. An Update on Adolescent Drug Use, Scott Hiromoto et al., Professional School Counseling, December 1, 2006
School counselors need accurate and age appropriate education information in order to counsel teens about drug abuse. This article presents information about some of the most pressing drug issues.
49. Combination Treatment for One Year Doubles Smokers’ Quit Rate, Patrick Zickler, National Institute on Drug Abuse, March 2006
Nearly 80 percent of smokers trying to quit relapse within one year. A new program, however, is making progress with this powerful and deadly addiction. Why is treating nicotine addiction so difficult?
50. Parent Power, Joseph A. Califano, Jr., America, October 31, 2005
Author Joseph Califano argues that the price for parental pessimism and ambivalence toward drugs is high. This discussion centers on the importance of talking to kids about drugs.
51. Nonconventional and Integrative Treatments of Alcohol and Substance Abuse, James Lake, Psychiatric Times, May 1, 2007
The relationship between alcohol and drug abuse and psychiatric disorders has long been established. This article discusses a combination of treatments, such as exercise and acupuncture that can be successfully used to treat these disorders.
52. Exercise and Drug Detoxification, Simon Oddie, Prison Service Journal, November 2004
It has long been recognized in the physical education community that physical exercise can play a major role in detoxification and rehabilitation. This article describes a British correctional program proving successful in helping prisoners recover from drug abuse.
53. Rehab Reality Check, Jerry Adler, Newsweek, February 19, 2007
As the traditional treatment centers do battle with glitzy newcomers, everyone is debating what works.
54. No Longer Theory: Correctional Practices That Work, Harvey Shrum, Journal of Correctional Education, September 2004
Harvey Shrum asserts that America has become so focused on prisons as the answer to social ills that today, one in thirty-seven Americans is or has been incarcerated. Over eighty percent of those incarcerated committed their offense while under the influence of drugs. This article discusses two new ways to prevent drug-related recidivism.